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Fredonia, NY, United States

The State University of New York at Fredonia is a four-year liberal arts college located in Fredonia, New York, United States. It is a constituent college of the State University of New York. The college's motto is "Where Success is a Tradition."Fredonia was one of the state teachers' colleges traditionally specializing in music education, but now offers a large number of programs in many areas, including a growing graduate division. The most popular areas of study include communication, music, education, and the social science. There are 82 majors and 41 minors.The Fredonia campus, located in Chautauqua County was designed by prominent architects I.M. Pei and Henry N. Cobb in 1968. Wikipedia.

Lash G.G.,State University of New York at Fredonia
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology | Year: 2016

The Upper Devonian Rhinestreet Shale of the western New York region of the Appalachian Basin contains centimeter-scale composite beds comprised of a thin black shale layer overlain by several cm of gray shale that are interpreted to have been deposited from hyperpycnal turbidity currents. Evidence for this explanation includes (1) the presence of planar-parallel and cross-lamination within some layers and (2) Zr/Al profiles consistent with an inversely graded lower unit overlain by normally graded deposits. Diminished K/Al values of the inferred hyperpycnites suggest that they were generated during periods of increased precipitation and consequent intensified continental weathering of the source region within the tectonically active Acadian highlands. The transition to a wetter climate reflected in these deposits, perhaps a response to astronomically induced variations in tropical monsoonal dynamics, would have increased the frequency and magnitude of floods within the Catskill delta complex thereby enhancing the likelihood that hyperpycnal flows would have been produced. Organic matter contained within the hyperpyncites probably reflects the entrainment of carbonaceous detritus, perhaps much of it in the form fecal pellets, from estuarine and shallow-marine settings during flood-related discharges. Post-depositional oxygen depletion within the organic-rich sediment and related bacterial sulfate reduction resulted in the precipitation of abundant diagenetic pyrite. Intense bioturbation of gray shale intercalated with the dark layers suggests that oxygenated conditions prevailed during accumulation of the Sturgeon Point section. Alternatively, these deposits reflect a history of repeated early diagenetic burn down events that resulted in the strongly reworked nature of the organic-lean gray shale and the sharp upper contacts of the black shale layers. The present study offers an alternative explanation of thin black shale beds hosted within organic-deficient successions beyond models involving marked changes in productivity on the one hand and the establishment of a stratified water column on the other. © 2016 Elsevier B.V. Source

Brown W.D.,State University of New York at Fredonia
PloS one | Year: 2012

Male praying mantises are forced into the ultimate trade-off of mating versus complete loss of future reproduction if they fall prey to a female. The balance of this trade-off will depend both on (1) the level of predatory risk imposed by females and (2) the frequency of mating opportunities for males. We report the results of a set of experiments that examine the effects of these two variables on male risk-taking behavior and the frequency of sexual cannibalism in the praying mantis Tenodera sinensis. We experimentally altered the rate at which males encountered females and measured male approach and courtship behavior under conditions of high and low risk of being attacked by females. We show that male risk taking depends on prior access to females. Males with restricted access to females showed greater risk-taking behavior. When males were given daily female encounters, they responded to greater female-imposed risk by slowing their rate of approach and remained a greater distance from a potential mate. In contrast, males without recent access to mates were greater risk-takers; they approached females more rapidly and to closer proximity, regardless of risk. In a second experiment, we altered male encounter rate with females and measured rates of sexual cannibalism when paired with hungry or well-fed females. Greater risk-taking behavior by males with low mate encounter rates resulted in high rates of sexual cannibalism when these males were paired with hungry females. Source

Authigenic barite nodules associated with modestly 13C-depleted calcium carbonate concretions and 34S-enriched pyrite at the bottom of the Upper Devonian Hanover Shale of western New York provide evidence of sulfate reduction coupled with anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM). The methane, much of it biogenic in origin, may have diffused upward from Middle Devonian Marcellus Shale and perhaps the Upper Ordovician Utica Shale. Strong 34S enrichment and high δ34S/δ18O values of the barite nodules reflect: (1) substantial kinetic fractionation induced by microbial sulfate reduction perhaps intensified by a low seawater sulfate recharge rate and (2) upward delivery of Ba2+- and CH4- bearing pore fluid sourced within underlying sulfate-depleted deposits. However, the association of authigenic calcium carbonate and barite in the same stratigraphic interval, especially the presence of barite overgrowths on carbonate concretions, is not consistent with what is known of AOM-related mineralization of a sediment column passing downward through the sulfate-methane transition (SMT). The documented early formation of authigenic carbonate followed by barite observed relations may reflect a diminished rate of methanogenesis and/or CH4 supply. The tempered methane flux would have induced the SMT to descend the sediment column enabling barite to form within the same stratigraphic horizon that 13C-depleted calcium carbonate had most recently precipitated. Diminished methane flux may have been caused by burial-related passage of the organic-rich Marcellus Shale below the depth of peak biogenic methane generation and its replacement at that depth interval by organic-lean deposits of the upper part of the Hamilton Group. Subsidence of the SMT would have increased the preservation potential of authigenic barite. However, continued survival of the labile barite as it eventually moved through the SMT suggests that the underlying sulfate-depleted zone was strongly enriched in Ba2+. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Adams J.,State University of New York at Fredonia
Qualitative Health Research | Year: 2010

Cosmetic surgery can be conceptualized as part of a spectrum of contemporary body projects whereby the individual uses body work to achieve some social and personal goal. In this article I examine individual motivations for undergoing cosmetic surgery as well as assessments of the outcomes of those surgeries. Drawing on in-depth interviews, I explore how cosmetic surgery patients understand and ascribe meaning to their own experiences and discover how the respondents evaluate their surgeries in both personal and social contexts. I found that motivations for undergoing surgery are often articulated in both physical and psychosocial terms, with the expectation that physical alterations will facilitate social or emotional changes. Additionally, outcomes are assessed in a similar fashion, with interviewees expressing not only their evaluations of the aesthetic changes to their bodies, but also how these changes made them feel about themselves and their relationships with others. © The Author(s) 2010. Source

Brown W.D.,State University of New York at Fredonia
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology | Year: 2011

Male tree crickets, Oecanthus nigricornis, offer a nuptial gift to females during mating in the form of a secretion from a dorsal metanotal gland. I examined the effects of male and female nutrient limitation on allocation of the gift. Males were fed 14C radiolabeled amino acids, placed onto high- or low-quality diets and then mated with females also maintained on high- or low-quality diets. Female acquisition of radiolabel increased, and residual radiolabel within the metanotal gland decreased, over time verifying that gift size correlates with duration of courtship feeding. High-diet females produced greater egg numbers and allocated proportionally more of the male-derived amino acids to their ovaries. As predicted, duration of courtship feeding was greater for males on high-quality diets and females on low-quality diets. Amino acid transfer, measured as the proportion of total radiolabel transferred to the female, showed a significant interaction between male and female diet. High-diet females acquired available radiolabel more rapidly from high-diet males, but low-diet females acquired available radiolabel more rapidly from low-diet males. The causes of these differences between feeding duration and nutrient allocation are discussed. © 2010 Springer-Verlag. Source

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