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Maringa, Brazil

Fa K.S.,State University of Maringa
Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics | Year: 2010

We consider decoupled continuous time random walk with finite characteristic waiting time and jump length variance. We take approximate jump length probability distribution and waiting time probability distribution given by a product of power-law and exponential function. Using this waiting time probability distribution we study diffusion behaviors for all the time. Due to the finite characteristic waiting time and jump length variance the model presents normal diffusive behavior in the long-time limit. However, the model can describe anomalous behavior at the short and intermediate times. In particular, the model can describe subdiffusive, normal, and superdiffusive behaviors at the short times. Moreover, exact solution for probability distribution of the system is also investigated. © 2010 The American Physical Society.

The analysis of fatty acid (FA) esters by gas chromatography and flame ionization detector (FID) normally uses the normalization method. However, if one FA is wrongly estimated, the results could be greatly affected. In this study, methodologies using internal standards and correction factors for the FID response are described. The results show that by using theoretical correction factors associated to the internal standardization, the quantitative analyses of the FAs are expressed in mass, increasing the accuracy and facilitating the interpretation and comparison of the results for foods and biodiesels.

Rhoden S.A.,State University of Maringa
Genetics and molecular research : GMR | Year: 2012

Various types of organisms, mainly fungi and bacteria, live within vegetal organs and tissues, without causing damage to the plant. These microorganisms, which are called endophytes, can be useful for biological control and plant growth promotion; bioactive compounds from these organisms may have medical and pharmaceutical applications. Trichilia elegans (Meliaceae) is a native tree that grows abundantly in several regions of Brazil. Preparations using the leaves, seeds, bark, and roots of many species of the Meliaceae family have been widely used in traditional medicine, and some members of the Trichilia genus are used in Brazilian popular medicine. We assessed the diversity of endophytic fungi from two wild specimens of T. elegans, collected from a forest remnant, by sequencing ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 of rDNA of the isolates. The fungi were isolated and purified; 97 endophytic fungi were found; they were separated into 17 morpho-groups. Of the 97 endophytic fungi, four genera (Phomopsis, Diaporthe, Dothideomycete, and Cordyceps) with 11 morpho-groups were identified. Phomopsis was the most frequent genus among the identified endophytes. Phylogenetic analysis showed two major clades: Sordariomycetes, which includes three genera, Phomopsis, Diaporthe, and Cordyceps, and the clade Dothideomycetes, which was represented by the order Pleosporales.

Fa K.S.,State University of Maringa
Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical | Year: 2012

In this work, the uncoupled continuous-time random walk model with the exponential jump length probability density function (PDF) is considered. Exact solutions for the PDF and second moment are obtained and investigated for different kinds of waiting-time PDF. © 2012 IOP Publishing Ltd.

Ferezin R.I.,State University of Maringa
Revista brasileira de ginecologia e obstetrícia : revista da Federação Brasileira das Sociedades de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia | Year: 2013

To ascertain the seroprevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B (HBV), toxoplasmosis and rubella infections in pregnant women in northwestern Paraná. We conducted a retrospective study based on the results of serological screening during prenatal care of 1,534 patients during the first half of 2010. We included only results from the first prenatal exam and with a simultaneous search for IgG and IgM antibodies to rubella and toxoplasmosis. Serology was performed by microparticle enzyme immunoassay (MEIA). Data were analyzed statistically by the χ2 test, with the level of significance set at 5%. HIV positivity was 0.3%, positivity of HBV serology (HbsAg) was 0.5%, reactivity to IgM antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii was 1.1%, and reactivity to IgG antibodies was 59.0%. For rubella, no patient was positive for IgM, and IgG reactivity was 99.6%. Data analysis showed no statistical association between seroprevalence and patient age, except for the frequency of anti-T. gondii IgG, which was higher in the 30 to 44 year age group. The prevalence of these infectious diseases in pregnant women from northwestern Paraná is comparable to that observed in other regions of Brazil.

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