Novo Horizonte, Brazil

State University of Feira de Santana
Novo Horizonte, Brazil

The State University of Feira de Santana is a public institution of higher education in Brazil, based in the city of Feira de Santana, Bahia. Until the 1990s, was also the only university in this city.Currently, the university has 27 graduate courses, offering 765 places by year for the third degree, with an average of 17.85 candidates per seat. Wikipedia.

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A new classification for the 114 species Cattleya is proposed, based on and compatible with previously published nuclear, plastid and combined phylogenetic trees. Cattleya is divided into four subgenera, three sections and five series. A key to the infrageneric categories and a table listing all species and their placement is presented. © 2014 Magnolia Press.

De Queiroz L.P.,State University of Feira de Santana | Lavin M.,Montana State University
Systematic Botany | Year: 2011

Three woody species of Coursetia from eastern Brazil are here classified into the Rostrata clade, Coursetia caatingicola, C. rostrata, and C. vicioides. All come from the Southern Sertaneja Depression of the caatinga, and the first of these is herein described. The antiquity of this geographically confined clade is suggested by its phylogenetic isolation within Coursetia and minimum age estimates of about 9 Ma for each of the species stem clades and about 17 Ma for the Rostrata stem. These age estimates were biased young and are associated with ITS rates of substitution of about 2-3 ×Ã-10-9 substitutions per site per year, an expected rate for woody plant lineages. Multiple DNA sequence accessions coalesce with respect to nuclear ribosomal 5.8S and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences for Coursetia caatingicola and C. rostrata, and with respect to chloroplast trnD-T sequences for Coursetia caatingicola. Coalescence of conspecific nuclear DNA sequence samples combined with relatively old minimum age estimates are suggestive of the evolutionary stability of local patches of seasonally dry tropical vegetation that are rich in succulent taxa. This phylogenetic signature is more likely to be found in lineages harbored by this than other types of Neotropical vegetation. © Copyright 2011 by the American Society of Plant Taxonomists.

Junior R.S.L.,Federal University of Ceará | Peixoto P.E.C.,State University of Feira de Santana
Animal Behaviour | Year: 2013

Agonistic interactions between males for the ownership of mating territories are common among animal species. There are at least three theoretical models aimed to clarify the rules used by rivals to decide the contest winner: war of attrition model (WOA), sequential assessment model (SAM) and cumulative assessment model (CAM). However, few empirical investigations have simultaneously tested predictions from these three models, reducing our ability to infer each model's explanatory power. In this study, we used males of the dragonfly Diastatops obscura to identify traits that affect individual fighting ability (resource-holding potential, RHP) and to test predictions derived from WOA, SAM and CAM models. For this, we identified morphological and physiological male traits related to chances of victory, timed contests between males and evaluated the relationship between male traits, contest duration and performance of costly behaviours. Individual body mass represented the main trait affecting RHP. Contest duration decreased with increasing winner body mass and increased with increasing loser body mass, rejecting the WOA model. The probability of physical contact increased with decreasing mass differences between rivals. Additionally, when considering pairs of rivals that showed similar mass differences, contest duration was unrelated to loser body mass. Since fights can lead to physical contact, body mass may affect the capacity to inflict costs on the rivals. Also, the relationships between contest duration and RHP and between the probability of physical contact and RHP difference between rivals indicate that males perform mutual assessment of fighting ability, as presumed by SAM. © 2013 The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour.

Rodrigues M.A.,State University of Feira de Santana
Genetics and molecular research : GMR | Year: 2012

AFLP markers combined with the bulk segregant analysis methodology was used for the identification of molecular markers associated with the cowpea golden mosaic virus (CGMV) resistance gene in 286 F(2) cowpea plants derived from the cross IT97K-499-35 x Canapu T16. Segregation data in the F(2) population demonstrated that tolerance to CGMV is controlled by a single dominant gene. Among the 196 combinations of AFLP primers tested, which generated approximately 3800 amplicons, three markers linked to the CGMV resistance gene were identified: E.AAC/M.CCC(515) at 4.3 cM, E.AGG/M.CTT(280) at 14.2 cM and E.AAA/M.CAG(352) at 16.8 cM, with 50.4, 24.4, and 28.7 LOD scores, respectively; the former two markers flank the CGMV loci. These markers could be used for the development of 'sequence characterized amplified region' type markers or for greater saturation of this region, to increase the precision of assisted selection for the development of cowpea strains tolerant to CGMV.

Rasella D.,Federal University of Bahia | Aquino R.,Federal University of Bahia | Santos C.A.T.,Federal University of Bahia | Santos C.A.T.,State University of Feira de Santana | And 2 more authors.
The Lancet | Year: 2013

Background In the past 15 years, Brazil has undergone notable social and public health changes, including a large reduction in child mortality. The Bolsa Familia Programme (BFP) is a widespread conditional cash transfer programme, launched in 2003, which transfers cash to poor households (maximum income US$70 per person a month) when they comply with conditions related to health and education. Transfers range from $18 to $175 per month, depending on the income and composition of the family. We aimed to assess the effect of the BFP on deaths of children younger than 5 years (under-5), overall and resulting from specific causes associated with poverty: malnutrition, diarrhoea, and lower respiratory infections. Methods The study had a mixed ecological design. It covered the period from 2004-09 and included 2853 (of 5565) municipalities with death and livebirth statistics of adequate quality. We used government sources to calculate all-cause under-5 mortality rates and under-5 mortality rates for selected causes. BFP coverage was classified as low (0·0-17·1%), intermediate (17·2-32·0%), high (>32·0%), or consolidated (>32·0% and target population coverage ≥100% for at least 4 years). We did multivariable regression analyses of panel data with fixed-effects negative binomial models, adjusted for relevant social and economic covariates, and for the effect of the largest primary health-care scheme in the country (Family Health Programme). Findings Under-5 mortality rate, overall and resulting from poverty-related causes, decreased as BFP coverage increased. The rate ratios (RR) for the effect of the BFP on overall under-5 mortality rate were 0·94 (95% CI 0·92-0·96) for intermediate coverage, 0·88 (0·85-0·91) for high coverage, and 0·83 (0·79-0·88) for consolidated coverage. The effect of consolidated BFP coverage was highest on under-5 mortality resulting from malnutrition (RR 0·35; 95% CI 0·24-0·50) and diarrhoea (0·47; 0·37-0·61). Interpretation A conditional cash transfer programme can greatly contribute to a decrease in childhood mortality overall, and in particular for deaths attributable to poverty-related causes such as malnutrition and diarrhoea, in a large middle-income country such as Brazil. Funding National Institutes of Science and Technology Programme, Ministry of Science and Technology, and Council for Scientific and Technological Development Programme (CNPq), Brazil. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Pastore J.F.B.,State University of Feira de Santana
Kew Bulletin | Year: 2012

Summary: A new generic status, based both on morphological and recent phylogenetic evidence for Polygala subgenus Ligustrina (Chodat) Paiva, is proposed, as well as 15 typifications and 14 new combinations for species previously included in the Polygala subgenus Ligustrina are suggested, i. e.: Caamembeca bangiana (Chodat) J. F. B. Pastore, C. insignis (Klotzsch ex Chodat) J. F. B. Pastore, C. grandifolia (A. St.-Hil. & Moq.) J. F. B. Pastore, C. gigantea (Chodat) J. F. B. Pastore, C. laureola (A. St.-Hil. & Moq.) J. F. B. Pastore, C. martinellii (Marques & E. F. Guim.) J. F. B. Pastore var. martinellii, C. martinellii var. carnosa (Marques & E. F. Guim.) J. F. B. Pastore, C. oleifolia (A. St.-Hil. & Moq.) J. F. B. Pastore, C. oxyphylla (DC.) J. F. B. Pastore, C. spectabilis (DC.) J. F. B. Pastore, C. spectabilis (DC.) J. F. B. Pastore var. amazonensis (Marques & E. F. Guim.) J. F. B. Pastore, C. spectabilis (DC.) J. F. B. Pastore var. autranii (Chodat) J. F. B. Pastore, C. ulei (Taub.) J. F. B. Pastore and C. warmingiana (A. W. Benn.) J. F. B. Pastore. Three names are synonymised for the first time and some of the typifications are accompanied by taxonomic notes. © 2012 The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Pereira-Santos M.,Federal University of Bahia | Costa P.R.F.,Federal University of Bahia | Assis A.M.O.,Federal University of Bahia | Santos C.A.S.T.,State University of Feira de Santana | Santos D.B.,Federal University of Recôncavo da Bahia
Obesity Reviews | Year: 2015

Over the past decade, there have been an increasing number of studies on the association between vitamin D deficiency and anthropometric state. However, we did not identify any meta-analyses of the relationship between obesity and vitamin D deficiency in different age groups. Thus, we evaluated the association between obesity and vitamin D deficiency. We searched for observational studies published up to April 2014 in PubMed/Medline, Web of Science and Scopus databases. We performed a meta-analysis in accordance with the random-effects model to obtain the summary measurement (prevalence ratio, PR). Among the 29,882 articles identified, 23 met the inclusion criteria. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was 35% higher in obese subjects compared to the eutrophic group (PR: 1.35; 95% CI: 1.21-1.50) and 24% higher than in the overweight group (PR: 1.24; 95% CI: 1.14-1.34). These results indicate that the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was more elevated in obese subjects. The vitamin D deficiency was associated with obesity irrespective of age, latitude, cut-offs to define vitamin D deficiency and the Human Development Index of the study location. © 2015 World Obesity.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-CSO | Phase: ENV.2011.4.2.3-1 | Award Amount: 2.27M | Year: 2012

The COMBIOSERVE consortium aims to identify the conditions and principles of successful community-based conservation in selected locations in Mexico, Brazil and Bolivia, working in partnership with local Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) and indigenous communities. Many Latin American and Caribbean rural and indigenous communities have historically developed strategies to regulate land use and conserve biodiversity whilst enhancing livelihoods and reducing conflicts. This has occurred while new panaceas for conservation and development, such as ecotourism, payments for environmental services, and biodiversity derivatives, have emerged and impacted community dynamics in ways that require urgent analysis. Our analysis will rely on the assessment of past and present trajectories and future scenarios of environmental change; an examination of individual and collective dependence on natural resources and ecosystem services, and analysis of peoples capacity to adapt and be resilient to multiple stressors. We will also assess the cultural traditions, knowledge systems, and institutional arrangements that have allowed communities to devise collective conservation strategies, address social tensions, and resolve resource conflicts. The development of a co-enquiry/advocacy approach will provide significant benefits to local communities and CSOs. The project outcomes will strengthen community conservation and management of natural resources through the design and provision of locally-owned methods and data, and will provide the theoretical and empirical foundations for scaling-up in similar communities and environments. We will scientifically address the opportunities and challenges of biocultural diversity conservation and its role in the resilience of socio-ecological systems, and produce documents for policy and civil society audiences at European and international levels, using varied communication platforms and strategies.

Harley R.M.,Royal Botanic Gardens | Harley R.M.,State University of Feira de Santana | Pastore J.F.B.,State University of Feira de Santana
Phytotaxa | Year: 2012

An earlier molecular study demonstrated the monophyly of the Hyptidinae and most of the genera within it. However, the largest genus, Hyptis, is paraphyletic and all other genera seem to be derived from a Hyptis ancestor. Most of the different lineages which comprise Hyptis are already established sections, some of which are now raised to generic rank, augmenting the subtribe to 19 genera and with a greatly reduced but monophyletic Hyptis, in which the genus Peltodon is included as a section. The sections Mesosphaeria and Polydesmia are also shown not to be monophyletic, making it necessary to reassign some species from the former to the latter, and then raising the two sections to generic rank as Mesosphaerum and Cantinoa respectively, the latter a new genus name. A new genus Oocephalus is also created from two former subsections of Hyptis sect. Polydesmia. The genus Condea, formed from three former sections of Hyptis, is itself divided into two sections. A key to all recognized genera is included, together with a generic conspectus, with brief distributional data, differentiating the new genera and listing their component species. The necessary nomenclatural changes comprise 142 new combinations, 30 new or replacement lectotypifications, four neotypes, 23 new synonymies, eight stat. nov., six newly coined generic names, five new epitypes and four new names. © 2012 Magnolia Press.

Rocha S.V.,State University of Feira de Santana
Revista brasileira de epidemiologia = Brazilian journal of epidemiology | Year: 2010

To describe the prevalence of common mental disorders according to sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle and medical conditions among residents of urban areas of Feira de Santana, Bahia. A cross-sectional study was carried out, including a random sample of the urban population over the age of 15 years of Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brazil. We used a form to attain information on sociodemographic factors, lifestyle and disease frequency. The SRQ-20 was used to measure common mental disorders (CMD). Statistical analysis adopted the p< 0.05 significance level; prevalence ratios and respective 95% confidence intervals were calculated. We studied 3,597 individuals, 71.4% female. The global prevalence of CMD was 29.9%. Data analysis revealed that sociodemographic characteristics (sex, education, income), lifestyle and clinical conditions were associated with the prevalence of CMD. The study allowed us to estimate the prevalence of CMD among the urban population of a municipality located in Northeastern Brazil and to identify the characteristics associated with CMD prevalence that may interfere with mental health. In this sense, municipal healthcare policies should include actions aimed to encourage participation in leisure activities as well as campaigns to control smoking and chronic diseases.

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