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Novo Horizonte, Brazil

The State University of Feira de Santana is a public institution of higher education in Brazil, based in the city of Feira de Santana, Bahia. Until the 1990s, was also the only university in this city.Currently, the university has 27 graduate courses, offering 765 places by year for the third degree, with an average of 17.85 candidates per seat. Wikipedia.

De Carvalho-Sobrinho J.G.,State University of Feira de Santana

A new species of Eriotheca (Malvaceae: Bombacoideae) from a granitic rock outcrop in the state of Espírito Santo, eastern Brazil, is described and illustrated. Eriotheca saxicola represents the first reference of a xylopodium-like organ for the genus. The new species is compared to its putative closest relatives and notes on its distribution, ecology, and phenology are provided. © 2013 Magnolia Press. Source

A new classification for the 114 species Cattleya is proposed, based on and compatible with previously published nuclear, plastid and combined phylogenetic trees. Cattleya is divided into four subgenera, three sections and five series. A key to the infrageneric categories and a table listing all species and their placement is presented. © 2014 Magnolia Press. Source

Junior R.S.L.,Federal University of Ceara | Peixoto P.E.C.,State University of Feira de Santana
Animal Behaviour

Agonistic interactions between males for the ownership of mating territories are common among animal species. There are at least three theoretical models aimed to clarify the rules used by rivals to decide the contest winner: war of attrition model (WOA), sequential assessment model (SAM) and cumulative assessment model (CAM). However, few empirical investigations have simultaneously tested predictions from these three models, reducing our ability to infer each model's explanatory power. In this study, we used males of the dragonfly Diastatops obscura to identify traits that affect individual fighting ability (resource-holding potential, RHP) and to test predictions derived from WOA, SAM and CAM models. For this, we identified morphological and physiological male traits related to chances of victory, timed contests between males and evaluated the relationship between male traits, contest duration and performance of costly behaviours. Individual body mass represented the main trait affecting RHP. Contest duration decreased with increasing winner body mass and increased with increasing loser body mass, rejecting the WOA model. The probability of physical contact increased with decreasing mass differences between rivals. Additionally, when considering pairs of rivals that showed similar mass differences, contest duration was unrelated to loser body mass. Since fights can lead to physical contact, body mass may affect the capacity to inflict costs on the rivals. Also, the relationships between contest duration and RHP and between the probability of physical contact and RHP difference between rivals indicate that males perform mutual assessment of fighting ability, as presumed by SAM. © 2013 The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour. Source

Rasella D.,Federal University of Bahia | Aquino R.,Federal University of Bahia | Santos C.A.T.,Federal University of Bahia | Santos C.A.T.,State University of Feira de Santana | And 2 more authors.
The Lancet

Background In the past 15 years, Brazil has undergone notable social and public health changes, including a large reduction in child mortality. The Bolsa Familia Programme (BFP) is a widespread conditional cash transfer programme, launched in 2003, which transfers cash to poor households (maximum income US$70 per person a month) when they comply with conditions related to health and education. Transfers range from $18 to $175 per month, depending on the income and composition of the family. We aimed to assess the effect of the BFP on deaths of children younger than 5 years (under-5), overall and resulting from specific causes associated with poverty: malnutrition, diarrhoea, and lower respiratory infections. Methods The study had a mixed ecological design. It covered the period from 2004-09 and included 2853 (of 5565) municipalities with death and livebirth statistics of adequate quality. We used government sources to calculate all-cause under-5 mortality rates and under-5 mortality rates for selected causes. BFP coverage was classified as low (0·0-17·1%), intermediate (17·2-32·0%), high (>32·0%), or consolidated (>32·0% and target population coverage ≥100% for at least 4 years). We did multivariable regression analyses of panel data with fixed-effects negative binomial models, adjusted for relevant social and economic covariates, and for the effect of the largest primary health-care scheme in the country (Family Health Programme). Findings Under-5 mortality rate, overall and resulting from poverty-related causes, decreased as BFP coverage increased. The rate ratios (RR) for the effect of the BFP on overall under-5 mortality rate were 0·94 (95% CI 0·92-0·96) for intermediate coverage, 0·88 (0·85-0·91) for high coverage, and 0·83 (0·79-0·88) for consolidated coverage. The effect of consolidated BFP coverage was highest on under-5 mortality resulting from malnutrition (RR 0·35; 95% CI 0·24-0·50) and diarrhoea (0·47; 0·37-0·61). Interpretation A conditional cash transfer programme can greatly contribute to a decrease in childhood mortality overall, and in particular for deaths attributable to poverty-related causes such as malnutrition and diarrhoea, in a large middle-income country such as Brazil. Funding National Institutes of Science and Technology Programme, Ministry of Science and Technology, and Council for Scientific and Technological Development Programme (CNPq), Brazil. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Rodrigues M.A.,State University of Feira de Santana
Genetics and molecular research : GMR

AFLP markers combined with the bulk segregant analysis methodology was used for the identification of molecular markers associated with the cowpea golden mosaic virus (CGMV) resistance gene in 286 F(2) cowpea plants derived from the cross IT97K-499-35 x Canapu T16. Segregation data in the F(2) population demonstrated that tolerance to CGMV is controlled by a single dominant gene. Among the 196 combinations of AFLP primers tested, which generated approximately 3800 amplicons, three markers linked to the CGMV resistance gene were identified: E.AAC/M.CCC(515) at 4.3 cM, E.AGG/M.CTT(280) at 14.2 cM and E.AAA/M.CAG(352) at 16.8 cM, with 50.4, 24.4, and 28.7 LOD scores, respectively; the former two markers flank the CGMV loci. These markers could be used for the development of 'sequence characterized amplified region' type markers or for greater saturation of this region, to increase the precision of assisted selection for the development of cowpea strains tolerant to CGMV. Source

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