Rahman K.F.,State University of Bangladesh
Clinical Governance | Year: 2014
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to review different perspectives of health and illness keeping the human being at the center.Design/methodology/approach - This paper has been written based on the review of secondary literature.Findings - The analysis indicates that the appropriate perspective to use depends on normative considerations and the particular policy context to which it will be applied. Research limitations/implications - The main limitation was time and resources, which were overcome by meticulous analysis of secondary data and also through comparison of the results by achieving triangulation. Practical implications - The paper analyzed different perspectives of health and illness in order to increase the insight to the phenomena of health and illness; and also to reach a decision whether consensus among the perspectives is possible or otherwise.Originality/value - After analyzing the existing perspectives of health and illness, this paper proposes that an appropriate approach is needed to reconcile different perspectives for sustainable use. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
PubMed | Dhaka International University, Southeast University of Bangladesh and State University of Bangladesh
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annals of neurosciences | Year: 2016
Neurodegenerative diseases are incurable and debilitating conditions that result in the progressive degeneration of nerve cells, which affect the cognitive activity. Currently, as a result of multiple studies linking Alzheimers disease (AD) to oxidative damage, the uses of natural antioxidant to prevent, delay, or enhance the pathological changes underlying the progression of AD has received considerable attention. Therefore, this study was aimed at examining the effect of ethanolic extracts of
PubMed | Chonnam National University, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University and State University of Bangladesh
Type: | Journal: Journal of food science | Year: 2016
Lycopene was extraction, isolation and purification using recrystallization, column chromatography, and preparative thin layer chromatography (TLC) methods as well as degradation kinetics of lycopene were studied at refrigerated temperature and room temperature for 3 wk from watermelon. Higher lycopene degradation was observed at refrigerated temperature as compared to ambient temperature throughout the storage periods. The highest amount of lycopene retained in recrystallization (101.69 g/g) followed by column chromatography (18.20 g/g) and preparative TLC (15.57 g/g). Color parameters, half-life time (t
Tasmin S.,University of Tokyo |
Furusawa H.,University of Tokyo |
Ahmad S.A.,Bangladesh Institute of Health science |
Faruquee M.H.,State University of Bangladesh |
Watanabe C.,University of Tokyo
Environmental Research | Year: 2015
Background and objective: Lead has long been recognized as a harmful environmental pollutant. People in developing countries like Bangladesh still have a higher risk of lead exposure. Previous research has suggested that the delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD) genotype can modify lead toxicity and individual susceptibility. As children are more susceptible to lead-induced toxicity, this study investigated whether the ALAD genotype influenced urinary excretion of delta-aminolevulinic acid (U-ALA) among children exposed to environmental lead in Bangladesh. Methods: Subjects were elementary schoolchildren from a semi-urban industrialized area in Bangladesh. A total of 222 children were studied. Blood and urine were collected to determine ALAD genotypes, blood lead levels and urinary aminolevulinic acid (U-ALA). Results: The mean BPb level was 9.7. μg/dl for the study children. BPb was significantly positively correlated with hemoglobin (p<0.01). In total, allele frequency for ALAD 1 and 2 was 0.83 and 0.17 respectively. The mean U-ALA concentration was lower in ALAD1-2/2-2 carriers than ALAD1-1 carriers for boys (p=0.001). But for girls, U-ALA did not differ significantly by genotype (p=0.26). When U-ALA was compared by genotype at the same exposure level in a multiple linear regression analysis, boys who were ALAD1-2/2-2 carriers still had a lower level of U-ALA compared to ALAD1-1carriers. Conclusion: This study provides information about the influence of ALAD polymorphism and its association with U-ALA in Bangladeshi children. Our results indicate that the ALAD1-2/2-2 genotype may have a protective effect in terms of U-ALA for environmentally lead exposed boys. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.
Sultana F.,State University of Bangladesh |
Manirujjaman,State University of Bangladesh |
Imran-Ul-Haque,Healthcare Pharmaceuticals Ltd |
Arafat M.,The University of Asia Pacific |
Sharmin S.,University of Dhaka
Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science | Year: 2013
Nanogels based materials have high drug loading capacity, biocompatibility, and biodegradability which are the key points to design a drug delivery system effectively. The pursuit of this review article is to concisely describe the recent development of nanogel drug delivery system in terms of drug loading and swelling of drug from nanogels. Furthermore, biomedical application and current clinical trial studies of nanogel are summarized briefly. Here, different types of nanogels along with the synthetic procedure and mechanism of drug release from nanogel carrier are mainly focused. An intensive study of clinical trial in future will confirm nanogel as a suitable carrier for drug delivery. © 2013 Farhana Sultana et al.
Al Amin Sikder M.,State University of Bangladesh |
Siddique A.B.,State University of Bangladesh |
Nawshad Hossian A.K.M.,State University of Bangladesh |
Kowser Miah M.,State University of Bangladesh |
And 2 more authors.
Journal of Pharmacy and Nutrition Sciences | Year: 2011
Four Bangladeshi medicinal plants Sansevieria trifasciata, Justica gendarussa, Hydnocarpus kurzii and Mesua nagassarium have been investigated for their in vitro thrombolytic activity. The clot lysis activity was assessed by addition of the test material to the pre-clotted blood and incubation for 90 min. at 37°C and was expressed as % lysis of clot. Each of the plant was extracted with methanol at room temperature and the concentrated methanolic extract was fractionated by the modified Kupchan partitioning method to provide pet-ether, carbon tetrachloride, chloroform and aqueous soluble fractions. Among the four plants the aqueous soluble fraction of M. nagassarium, carbon tetrachloride soluble fraction of H. Kurzii , aqueous soluble fraction of methanolic extract of S. trifasciata exhibited highest thrombolytic activity with clot lysis value of 50.86%, 47.50%, and 47.10% respectively. However, the pet ether and carbon tetrachloride soluble fraction of methanolic extract of J. gendarussa demonstrated significant thrombolytic activity as evident from 45.93% and 45.47% lysis of clot, respectively. Standard streptokinase was used as positive control which exhibited 61.50% lysis of clot while the negative control water revealed 2.56% lysis of clot.
Maleque M.,State University of Bangladesh |
Hasan M.R.,University of Dhaka |
Hossen F.,University of Dhaka |
Safi S.,University of Dhaka
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis | Year: 2012
A rapid, specific and economic UV spectrophotometric method has been developed using a solvent composed of water:methanol:acetonitrile (9:0.5:0.5) to determine the levofloxacin content in bulk and pharmaceutical dosage formulations. At a pre-determined λmax of 292 nm, it was proved linear in the range of 1.0-12.0 μg/mL, and exhibited good correlation coefficient (R2=0.9998) and excellent mean recovery (99.00-100.07%). This method was successfully applied to the determination of levofloxacin content in five marketed brands from Bangladesh and the results were in good agreement with the label claims. The method was validated statistically and by recovery studies for linearity, precision, repeatability, and reproducibility. The obtained results proved that the method can be employed for the routine analysis of levofloxacin in bulks as well as in the commercial formulations. © 2012 Xi'an Jiaotong University.
Mahjabin T.,State University of Bangladesh |
Hossain S.M.,University of Dhaka |
Haque M.S.,Jaxara IT Ltd
Proceeding of the 15th International Conference on Computer and Information Technology, ICCIT 2012 | Year: 2012
Information hiding is a historical but on demand fascinating research area. Now, in today's world, the availability of information has become so easy that the security and insecurity of information goes side by side. In order to provide security of information a science called, Steganography has emerged. Steganography conceals the existence of information into images to formulate a secure communication. In this paper, a Steganographic method based on Pixel Value Differencing (PVD) and LSB Substitution method is proposed. To meet the increasing demand for privacy and secrecy the method focused mainly on making it a robust, secured technique of information hiding. An efficient and dynamic embedding algorithm is proposed in this paper that not only hides the secret data with an imperceptible visual quality and increased capacity but also make secret code breaking a good annoyance for the attacker. This method also represents an extraction algorithm that effectively extracts the entire secret message without any loss of a single data. Finally, experimental results show that, the proposed method achieves an increased embedding capacity and lower image degradation with improved security as compared to LSB substitution method and some recent existing methods of data hiding. © 2012 IEEE.
PubMed | Hubei University of Economics, University of Ottawa, State University of Bangladesh and Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Type: | Journal: BioMed research international | Year: 2016
In Bangladesh, iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia and remains a significant public health concern. Being a high anemia prevalent country, numerous efforts have been made to confront the issue especially among women and children by both local and international actors. Though the situation has substantially improved in recent years, a staggering number of adult women are currently living with anemia. The etiology of anemia is a multifactorial problem and has been proposed to be associated with various household, societal, economic, cultural factors apart from dietary habits. However, evidence regarding the household arrangements and socioeconomic determinants of anemia is scarce, especially in the context of Bangladesh. To this end, we utilized the 2011 demographic and health survey data to explore the association between anemia status and selected demographic, socioeconomic, and household characteristics. Our result showed significant correlation of anemia with both sociodemographic and household characteristics. Among the sociodemographic variables the following were found to be significantly associated with anemia status: age (p = 0.014; OR = 1.195; 95% CI = 1.036-1.378) and microcredit membership (p = 0.014; OR = 1.19; 95% CI = 1.037-1.386). Regarding the household arrangements, women utilizing biomass fuel for cooking (p < 0.019; OR = 1.82; 95% CI = 0.981-2.460) were more likely to be anemic.
PubMed | Walailak University, Bangladesh Institute of Technology, State University of Bangladesh and Chittagong University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: BMC complementary and alternative medicine | Year: 2016
This plant is very popular ingredient of local made drinks during hot summer. After drinking this drink people feels fresh, relaxed and can enjoy sound sleep. Present study was aimed to assess the sedative properties of a plant Sterculia villosa leaves. Therefore, we tried to find out the methanolic extract from the leaves of Sterculia villosa leaves having any sedative activity or not.The extract were subjected to various in vivo methods like hole cross test, open field test, elevated plus-maze (EPM) test, thiopental sodium induced sleeping time test. Diazepam was used as the standard drug.From the study, it is clear that the extract has excellent CNS depressant activity by reducing locomotors activity of mice in every cases of hole cross test, open field test, elevated plus-maze (EPM) test compared to the standard diazepam. In addition, the extract prolong the sleeping time (230min) with quick onset of action (9min) in contrast to the standard and control group.From the present study it can be conclude that the extract posses significant a sedative property that may lead to new drug development and further investigation is necessary to understand the underlying mechanisms and to isolate the active principles.