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Shen H.,Hunan Agricultural University | Zhou J.,Hunan Agricultural University | Zhao B.,State Tobacco Monopoly Administration | Li Q.,Hunan Agricultural University | And 3 more authors.
Acta Tabacaria Sinica

Altitude suitability of K326, Hongda and Yunyan87 in 4 main tobacco growing townships in Tengchong and Changning counties of Baoshan municipality were studied. Data were collected from experiments carried out in 48 sites of paddy or red soil of every 100 m within altitude range of 1450 m to 2150 m, where other cultivation conditions were as consistent as possible. Effects of altitude and soil type on physical properties and chemical components of flue-cured tobacco were analyzed. Results showed that within altitude range of 1400 m to 2200 m, significant (p<0.05) or highly significant (p<0.01) negative correlations existed between altitude and ratio of leaf length to width, total N, K and content of nicotine. Significant (p<0.05) or highly significant (p<0.01) positive correlations existed between altitude and content of total sugar and reducing sugar. The effect of altitude on physical properties and chemical components were higher than that of soil. K326 and Hongda were more sensitive to altitude than Yunyan87. Leaves of K326 and Hongda from 1400 m to 1800 m altitude were of better industrial value (p<0.05) than that from 1800 m to 2200 m. Source

Liu J.,Tianjin University | Meng F.,State Tobacco Monopoly Administration | Fellows R.,Loughborough University
International Journal of Project Management

Cultural influence is unavoidable in construction projects and a clear understanding of it is vital for successful risk management. This study aims to explore how culture influences contractors' risk management. A case study method is selected including four projects in China, Poland and Singapore. Data are collected through interviews and archival documents. Major risks are identified and risk management in each case is discussed in the context of Hofstede's theory. A conceptual framework is proposed to reveal the link between culture and risk management. The findings show that project risks are perceived and managed differently in different national cultures. It is indicated that IDV and UAI are the foci of attention, beyond the contributions of PDI, LTO and MAS, and that contractors' knowledge of the host country's national culture influences their risk management behaviors. Having such information is of great importance to improve international contractors' risk management practice. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Lv F.,China Tobacco Henan Industrial Co. | Sang Y.,State Tobacco Monopoly Administration | Qi Y.,State Tobacco Monopoly Administration | Bai Y.,China Tobacco Sichuan Industrial Co.
Acta Tabacaria Sinica

Starting from May 10 2015, the government of China raised the consumption tax on cigarettes. This paper analyzed the impact of tax-induced price changes on cigarette consumption, profits, structural changes, leaf tobacco, manufacturing cigarette brands competition and smoking prevalence in China. Results showed that average sales price would rise quickly, sales volume would go down, tax and profits increase rate in tobacco commercial companies exceeded that of industrial enterprises, performance of cigarette brands would be further polarized and leaf tobacco manufacturing would still be under pressure. It was suggested that (1) Tier 4 and 5 cigarettes should increase supply on a proper scale. (2) Management and control capacity should be enhanced on leaf tobacco planting, cigarette production, marketing, capital management, inventory and R&D. (3) Close monitoring over key cigarette brands should be strengthened in order to cushion the impact of tax-induced price hike. © 2015, State Tobacco Monopoly Bureau and China Tobacco Society. All right reserved. Source

Wang Y.,State Tobacco Monopoly Administration
Acta Tabacaria Sinica

Transnational merger and acquisition were reviewed. Feasibility of China Tobacco's transnational merger and acquisition was analyzed take into consideration of international market situation, risk management. Suggestions were made in such aspects as future target market, implementation path, domestic legal supervision and approval procedures. ©, 2014, State Tobacco Monopoly Bureau and China Tobacco Society. All right reserved. Source

Bing H.,State Tobacco Monopoly Administration | He M.,State Tobacco Monopoly Administration
Acta Tabacaria Sinica

The necessity and importance of constructing supply chain logistics were readdressed in line with development need of tobacco industry by reviewing growth and advantages of supply chain management. Based on objective analysis of pressing issues, integrated measures towards constructing tobacco supply chain logistics were put forward with right strategic positioning as prerequisite, quality customer service as the core, lean management as focal point, advanced technology as strong support, building internet of things as breakthrough and professional and specialized operation as development direction. Source

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