Kharlamov A.V.,State Scientific Research Institute of Chemical Reagents and High Purity Substances IREA |
Artyushin O.I.,RAS Nesmeyanov Institute of Organoelement Compounds |
Bondarenko N.A.,State Scientific Research Institute of Chemical Reagents and High Purity Substances IREA
Russian Chemical Bulletin | Year: 2014
A series of acyclic symmetrical and asymmetrical quaternary ammonium chlorides of the general formula R1R2R3N+AR4Cl- (R1 = Me, Bu; R2 = n-C12H25, PhCH2, C n H2n+1(OCH2CH2) m, n = 9 and 12, m = 1 and 2; R3 = n-C12H25, PhCH2, HOCH2CH2,-OOCCH2; R4 = n-C12H25, PhCH2; A = (CH2CH2O)1,2, CH2C(O)O) was synthesized by the alkylation of tertiary amines in a two-phase system containing water. A convenient method for the synthesis of the initial symmetrical and asymmetrical tertiary amines of the general formula MeNR1R2 (R1 = Me, Bu; R2 = n-C12H25, PhCH2, CnH2n+1(OCH2CH2) m, n = 9 and 12, m = 1 and 2) in an organic phase-aqueous phase heterogeneous system, which allows the use of aqueous solutions of alkali and amines, was developed. The improved method for the preparation of intermediate ethylene glycol and diethylene glycol monoethers is monoalkylation of glycols in dioxane using solid KOH in a two-phase system. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York.