Entity

Time filter

Source Type


Debabov V.G.,State Research Institute of Genetics and Selection of Industrial Microorganisms
Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology | Year: 2015

In this review, existing succinic acid manufacturing methods are reviewed. The economic status and the prospects for chemical and microbiological means of biosuccinic acid production are also presented. Possible approaches to lower production costs via improvements in known technologies, as well as the designing of new methods, are considered. The prospects for developing biosuccinic acid markets are discussed. © 2015, Pleiades Publishing, Inc.


Savrasova E.A.,Ajinomoto Co. | Kivero A.D.,Ajinomoto Co. | Shakulov R.S.,State Research Institute of Genetics and Selection of Industrial Microorganisms | Stoynova N.V.,Ajinomoto Co.
Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2011

Microbiological synthesis of higher alcohols (1-butanol, isobutanol, 2-methyl-1-butanol, etc.) from plant biomass is critically important due to their advantages over ethanol as a motor fuel. In recent years, the use of branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) biosynthesis pathways together with heterologous Ehrlich pathway enzyme system (Hazelwood et al. in Appl Environ Microbiol 74:2259-2266, 2008) has been proposed by the Liao group as an alternative approach to aerobic production of higher alcohols as new-generation biofuels (Atsumi et al. in Nature 451:86-90, 2008; Atsumi et al. in Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 85:651-657, 2010; Cann and Liao in Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 81:89-98, 2008; Connor and Liao in Appl Environ Microbiol 74:5769-5775, 2008; Shen and Liao in Metab Eng 10:312-320, 2008; Yan and Liao in J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol 36:471-479, 2009). On the basis of these remarkable investigations, we re-engineered Escherichia coli valine-producing strain H-81, which possess overexpressed ilvGMED operon, for the aerobic conversion of sugar into isobutanol. To redirect valine biosynthesis to the production of alcohol, we also-as has been demonstrated previously (Atsumi et al. in Nature 451:86-90, 2008; Atsumi et al. in Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 85:651-657, 2010; Cann and Liao in Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 81:89-98, 2008; Connor and Liao in Appl Environ Microbiol 74:5769-5775, 2008; Shen and Liao in Metab Eng 10:312-320, 2008; Yan and Liao in J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol 36:471-479, 2009)-used enzymes of Ehrlich pathway. In particular, in our study, the following heterologous proteins were exploited: branched-chain 2-keto acid decarboxylase (BCKAD) encoded by the kdcA gene from Lactococcus lactis with rare codons substituted, and alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) encoded by the ADH2 gene from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We show that expression of both of these genes in the valine-producing strain H-81 results in accumulation of isobutanol instead of valine. Expression of BCKAD alone also resulted in isobutanol accumulation in the culture broth, supporting earlier obtained data (Atsumi et al. in Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 85:651-657, 2010) that native ADHs of E. coli are also capable of isobutanol production. Thus, in this work, isobutanol synthesis by E. coli was achieved using enzymes similar to but somewhat different from those previously used. © 2010 Society for Industrial Microbiology.


Shatalin K.,New York University | Shatalina E.,New York University | Mironov A.,State Research Institute of Genetics and Selection of Industrial Microorganisms | Nudler E.,New York University
Science | Year: 2011

Many prokaryotic species generate hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in their natural environments. However, the biochemistry and physiological role of this gas in nonsulfur bacteria remain largely unknown. Here we demonstrate that inactivation of putative cystathionine β-synthase, cystathionine γ-lyase, or 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase in Bacillus anthracis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and Escherichia coli suppresses H2S production, rendering these pathogens highly sensitive to a multitude of antibiotics. Exogenous H2S suppresses this effect. Moreover, in bacteria that normally produce H2S and nitric oxide, these two gases act synergistically to sustain growth. The mechanism of gas-mediated antibiotic resistance relies on mitigation of oxidative stress imposed by antibiotics.


Debabov V.G.,State Research Institute of Genetics and Selection of Industrial Microorganisms
Russian Journal of Genetics | Year: 2015

Microorganism producer strains are the basis of industrial biotechnology. Their properties determine the economical parameters of the production. Methods of rational design (metabolic engineering) and combinatorial methods of mutagenesis and selection (laboratory evolution, adaptive evolution, protein and genomic shuffling) are used for the construction of microorganism strains. Combination of these methods is frequently used. Modern strains usually do not contain plasmids and markers of drug resistance. All changes are introduced into the chromosome by the methods of homologous and site-specific recombination. The sum of such approaches is called recombineering. Gene expression is carried out at the optimal level under the control of promoters of a certain power (frequently regulated). Knowledge of a complete genomic sequence is almost a mandatory condition for the use of methods of metabolic engineering. Bioinformatics significantly assists in the selection of enzymes and the search for necessary genes and metabolic reactions. Measurement of metabolic fluxes largely assists in the construction of strains. The current level of science makes it possible to construct metabolic pathways de novo in strains for the production of chemicals and biofuel. Carbon dioxide has potential as a raw material for microbiological industry; therefore, the study of CO2 fixation by acetogens and electrogens is a promising direction of studies. © 2015, Pleiades Publishing, Inc.


Chang C.-F.,National Hsinchu University of Education | Liu Y.-R.,National Hsinchu University of Education | Chen S.-F.,Tainan University of Technology | Naumov G.I.,State Research Institute of Genetics and Selection of Industrial Microorganisms | And 2 more authors.
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, International Journal of General and Molecular Microbiology | Year: 2012

Twelve strains representing five novel yeast species were isolated from natural samples distributed in mountain areas in Taiwan during 2007 and 2009. Sequence analysis of the D1/D2 domain of the large subunit (LSU) rRNA gene revealed that these species are members of the Cyberlindnera clade. These five new species have a greater than 1% difference from their closest relatives in the sequences of the D1/D2 domain of the LSU rRNA gene and were well separated from their closest relatives in terms of physiological characteristics. Moreover, a sexual state could not be found in these five novel yeast species. Therefore, the scientific names of Candida maesa sp. nov. (type strain GJ8L01 T), Candida takata sp. nov. (type strain EN25S01 T), Candida taoyuanica sp. nov. (type strain GY15S07 T), Candida hungchunana sp. nov. (type strain NC3W71 T) and Candida stauntonica sp. nov. (type strain GY13L05 T) were proposed to accommodate these yeasts. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012.

Discover hidden collaborations