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Hangzhou, China

State Oceanic Administration is an administrative agency subordinate to the Ministry of Land and Resources, responsible for the supervision and management of sea area in the People's Republic of China and coastal environmental protection, protecting national maritime rights and organizing scientific and technical research of its territorial waters. The current Director of the SOA is Liu Cigui. Wikipedia.

Cai W.,CSIRO | Qiu Y.,State Oceanic Administration
Journal of Climate | Year: 2013

A well-known feature of the Indian Ocean dipole (IOD) is its positive skewness, with cold sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies over the east pole (IODE) exhibiting a larger amplitude than warm SST anomalies. Several mechanisms have been proposed for this asymmetry, but because of a lack of observations the role of various processes remains contentious. Using Argo profiles and other newly available data, the authors provide an observation-based assessment of the IOD skewness. First, the role of a nonlinear dynamical heating process is reaffirmed, which reinforces IODE cold anomalies but damps IODE warm anomalies. This reinforcing effect is greater than the damping effect, further contributing to the skewness. Second, the existence of a thermocline-temperature feedback asymmetry, whereby IODE cold anomalies induced by a shoaling thermocline are greater than warm anomalies associated with a deepening thermocline, is the primary forcing of the IOD skewness. This thermocline-temperature feedback asymmetry is a part of the nonlinear Bjerknes-like positive feedback loop involving winds, SST, and the thermocline, all displaying a consistent asymmetry with a stronger response when IODE SST is anomalously cold. The asymmetry is enhanced by a nonlinear barrier layer response, with a greater thinning associated with IODE cold anomalies than a thickening associated with IODE warm anomalies. Finally, in response to IODE cool anomalies, rainfall and evaporative heat loss diminish and incoming shortwave radiation increases, which results in damping the cool SST anomalies. The damping increases with IODE cold anomalies. Thus, the IOD skewness is generated in spite of a greater damping effect of the SST-cloud-radiation feedback process. © 2013 American Meteorological Society. Source

Wang J.,Beihang University | Cheng Q.,Beihang University | Lin L.,State Oceanic Administration | Jiang L.,Beihang University
ACS Nano | Year: 2014

Inspired by the layered aragonite platelet/nanofibrillar chitin/protein ternary structure and integration of extraordinary strength and toughness of natural nacre, artificial nacre based on clay platelet/nanofibrillar cellulose/poly(vinyl alcohol) is constructed through an evaporation-induced self-assembly technique. The synergistic toughening effect from clay platelets and nanofibrillar cellulose is successfully demonstrated. The artificial nacre achieves an excellent balance of strength and toughness and a fatigue-resistant property, superior to natural nacre and other conventional layered clay/polymer binary composites. © 2014 American Chemical Society. Source

Zhou L.,State Oceanic Administration | Murtugudde R.,The Interdisciplinary Center
Journal of Climate | Year: 2014

The onset of the Indian summer monsoon (ISM) has a pronounced interannual variability, part of which originates from the large-scale circulation and its thermodynamic properties.While the northward-propagating intraseasonal variabilities (ISVs) are a prominent characteristic of the ISM, they tend to initiate an early onset by transferring moisture and momentum from the deep tropics to the Indian subcontinent. However, not all early onsets of ISM are attributable to strong ISVs and not all strong ISVs can lead to early ISM onsets. With a daily Indianmonsoon index and a simple regressionmodel, the onsets of ISMfrom 1982 to 2011 are separated into two groups. The years in which the early onsets of ISM are closely related to the northward-propagating ISVs are categorized as the ISVO years, and the other years in which the ISM onsets are not closely related to ISVs are categorized as non-ISVO years. The former category is the focus of this study. Before the onset of ISM in the ISVO years, the convective features are prominent, such as a cyclone over the Bay of Bengal (BoB) and the associated strong convection. The ocean-atmosphere interaction is found to be important for the northward-propagating ISVs before the ISM onset in the ISVO years. Evidence shows that warm SST anomalies drive the atmosphere and lead to atmospheric instability and convection. This reinforces the more recent view that the ocean does not just play a passive role in the northward-propagating ISVs. This process understanding helps shape the path to enhancing predictive understanding and monsoon prediction skills with obvious implications for the prediction of El Ni~no-Southern Oscillation. © 2014 American Meteorological Society. Source

The invention discloses a multi-beam bathymetric chart construction method based on submarine digital depth model feature extraction. The method comprises the steps of: constructing a DDM (Digital Depth Model) based on raw multi-beam echo soundings; establishing a slope and second derivative composite model based on the DDM; extracting feature points based on DDM sub-blocks; querying the multi-beam depth based on the feature points; constructing the multi-beam bathymetric chart based on layers.

A composite marine bacterial liquid for the synergic degradation of high-molecular-weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (HMW PAHs) and the preparation method thereof. The composite marine bacterial liquid is generated by mixing the fermented culture liquid of a stain of

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