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Zhao H.,Xinqiao Hospital | Ning J.,State Key Laboratory of Trauma and Burns | Duan J.,State Key Laboratory of Trauma and Burns | Gu J.,State Key Laboratory of Trauma and Burns | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery | Year: 2014

BACKGROUND: Blast limb injury was reported to result in distant organ injury including the lungs, which can be attenuated with transient regional hypothermia (RH) to the injured limb. We aimed to further study hepatic and renal injuries following blast limb trauma and also to evaluate the protective effects of regional traumatic limb hypothermia on such injuries in rats. METHODS: Blast limb trauma (BLT) was created using chartaceous electricity detonators in anesthetized male Sprague-Dawley rats. The BLT rats were randomly allocated to undergo regional traumatic limb hypothermic treatment (RH) for 30 minutes, 60 minutes, or 6 hours immediately after the onset of blast or without RH (n = 8 per group). The severity of hepatic and renal injury was assessed through histologic examination and water content (wet/dry weight) in all animals 6 hours later. The level of plasma tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin 6, hydrogen sulfide (H2S), and myeloperoxidase (MPO) together with hepatic and renal MPO, malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase, and total antioxidant capacity were measured 6 hours after the blast injury. RESULTS: Following BLT, hepatic injury was evidenced by histopathologic changes, increased water content, as well as plasma alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase. Renal histopathologic but not functional changes were also found. RH treatment for all durations attenuated this distant renal injury, but only RH treatment for 60 minutes and 6 hours attenuated distant hepatic injury following BLT. RH treatment for all durations decreased plasma TNF-α and interleukin 6, reduced liver and kidney MPO activity and kidney MDA, and elevated superoxide dismutase and total antioxidant capacity in both liver and kidneys. RH treatment for 60 minutes is the most effective duration to reduce hepatic MPO activity, plasma TNF-α, and kidney MDA. CONCLUSION: This study indicates that BLT-induced distant renal and hepatic injury could be attenuated by RH treatment through reduction of cytokine release and inhibition of neutrophil accumulation and oxidative stress. Copyright © 2014 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Chen L.,Chongqing Medical University | Chen L.,State Key Laboratory of Trauma and Burns | Qiu J.-H.,Chongqing Medical University | Qiu J.-H.,State Key Laboratory of Trauma and Burns | And 4 more authors.
Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry | Year: 2012

Adrenomedullin (ADM) and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) are important pro-proliferation genes in response to hypoxic stress. Although it was reported that ADM is a target gene for HIF-1, recent studies also showed that ADM regulates HIF-1 expression and its activity; however, the mechanism of action remains unknown. Two stable human endothelial cell lines with HIF-1α knockdown by hy926-siHIF-1α or HMEC-siHIF-1α were established. mRNA and protein expression of ADM and HIF-1α in EA.hy926 and HMEC1 cells were examined under hypoxic stress. Upon ADM treatment, cell proliferation was investigated and the expression profiles of HIF-1α and its target genes (VEGF, PFKP, PGK1, and AK1) were examined. Furthermore, the proline hydroxylase (PHD) mRNA level and its activity were investigated. We observed that mRNA and protein expression of ADM in hypoxia are earlier events than HIF-1α in EA.hy926 and HMEC1 cells. ADM-promoted cell proliferation of endothelial cells, which was HIF-1α dependent. We also found that ADM up-regulated the mRNA and protein expressions of HIF-1α- and HIF-1-targeted genes, and ADM up-regulated the protein expressions of HIF-1α through down-regulation of PHD mRNA expression and PHD activity. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

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