State Key Laboratory of Silkworm Genome Biology

Chongqing, China

State Key Laboratory of Silkworm Genome Biology

Chongqing, China
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Wang L.,Southwest University | Zeng Y.-T.,Southwest University | Ding X.-W.,Southwest University | Huang X.-Z.,State Key Laboratory of Silkworm Genome Biology
Modern Food Science and Technology | Year: 2017

To explore the effect of 1-deoxynojirimycin (DNJ) on the lipid metabolism, and the corresponding mechanism, normal mice were fed DNJ by gavage for 40 days, and then biochemical indicators of lipid metabolism, the activity of enzymes, and the antioxidant indices of the animals were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. Compared with the negative control group, 8.0 mg/kg·bw/d dosage of DNJ decreased the rates of weight gain by 59.40% (female) and 9.15% (male), decreased intraperitoneal fat coefficients by 38.30% (female) and 15.18% (male), and decreased the contents of liver fat by 18.42% (female) and 36.66% (male)The addition of DNJ also decreased the contents of serum total cholesterol (TC) by 27.40% (female) and 28.57% (male), and decreased the contents of triglycerides (TG) in serum by 0.89% (female) and 15.03% (male). Besides, this dose increased the contents of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) in serum by 42.19% (female) and 6.80% (male), increased the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) in liver by 29.24% (female) and 25.17% (male) increased the contents of glutathione (GSH) in liver by 16.29% (female) and 15.00% (male), and decreased the contents of 8-isoprostane in liver by 18.53% (female) and 15.19% (male). It was also found that 8.0 mg/(kg bw·d) dosage of DNJ increased the activities of hepatic fatty acid synthase (FAS) and acyl-CoA oxidase (ACO) in female mice by 14.02% and 9.67%, respectively, and increased the activity of ACO in the liver of male mice by 21.63%. The results indicated that an appropriate dosage of DNJ could reduce fat accumulation by inhibiting fatty acid synthesis in female mice and accelerating fatty acid oxidation in male mice; a better effect on obesity prevention was shown in female mice. DNJ could also enhance the body's antioxidant ability to prevent abnormal lipid metabolism. © 2017, Editorial Board of Modern Food Science and Technology. All right reserved.


Nie H.,State Key Laboratory of Silkworm Genome Biology | Nie H.,Southwest University | Nie H.,Fujian Agriculture and forestry University | Cheng T.,State Key Laboratory of Silkworm Genome Biology | And 11 more authors.
Scientific Reports | Year: 2015

The thermoprotective mechanisms of insects remain largely unknown. We reported the Bombyx mori contractile (cot) behavioral mutant with thermo-sensitive seizures phenotype. At elevated temperatures, the cot mutant exhibit seizures associated with strong contractions, rolling, vomiting, and a temporary lack of movement. We narrowed a region containing cot to ∼268 kb by positional cloning and identified the mutant gene as Bmsei which encoded a potassium channel protein. Bmsei was present in both the cell membrane and cytoplasm in wild-type ganglia but faint in cot. Furthermore, Bmsei was markedly decreased upon high temperature treatment in cot mutant. With the RNAi method and injecting potassium channel blockers, the wild type silkworm was induced the cot phenotype. These results demonstrated that Bmsei was responsible for the cot mutant phenotype and played an important role in thermoprotection in silkworm. Meanwhile, comparative proteomic approach was used to investigate the proteomic differences. The results showed that the protein of Hsp-1 and Tn1 were significantly decreased and increased on protein level in cot mutant after thermo-stimulus, respectively. Our data provide insights into the mechanism of thermoprotection in insect. As cot phenotype closely resembles human epilepsy, cot might be a potential model for the mechanism of epilepsy in future.


Datar I.,University of Toledo | Qiu X.,University of Toledo | Ma H.Z.,University of Toledo | Yeung M.,University of Toledo | And 8 more authors.
Oncotarget | Year: 2015

Accumulating evidence suggests that presence of macrophages in the tumor microenvironment add to the invasive and tumor-promoting hallmarks of cancer cells by secreting angiogenic and growth factors. RKIP is a known metastasis suppressor and interferes with several steps of metastasis. However, the mechanistic underpinnings of its function as a broad metastasis suppressor remain poorly understood. Here, we establish a novel pathway for RKIP regulation of metastasis inhibition through the negative regulation of RANTES/CCL5 thereby limiting tumor macrophage infiltration and inhibition of angiogenesis. Using a combination of loss- and gain-of- function approaches, we show that RKIP hinders breast cancer cell invasion by inhibiting expression of the CC chemokine CCL5 in vitro. We also show that the expression levels of RKIP and CCL5 are inversely correlated among clinical human breast cancer samples. Using a mouse allograft breast cancer transplantation model, we highlight that ectopic expression of RKIP significantly decreases tumor vasculature, macrophage infiltration and lung metastases. Mechanistically, we demonstrate that the inhibition of the CCL5 expression is the cause of the observed effects resulting from RKIP expression. Taken together, our results underscore the significance of RKIP as important negative regulator of tumor microenvironment.


PubMed | Kuwait University, National University of Singapore, University of Toledo and State Key Laboratory Of Silkworm Genome Biology
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncotarget | Year: 2015

Accumulating evidence suggests that presence of macrophages in the tumor microenvironment add to the invasive and tumor-promoting hallmarks of cancer cells by secreting angiogenic and growth factors. RKIP is a known metastasis suppressor and interferes with several steps of metastasis. However, the mechanistic underpinnings of its function as a broad metastasis suppressor remain poorly understood. Here, we establish a novel pathway for RKIP regulation of metastasis inhibition through the negative regulation of RANTES/CCL5 thereby limiting tumor macrophage infiltration and inhibition of angiogenesis. Using a combination of loss- and gain-of- function approaches, we show that RKIP hinders breast cancer cell invasion by inhibiting expression of the CC chemokine CCL5 in vitro. We also show that the expression levels of RKIP and CCL5 are inversely correlated among clinical human breast cancer samples. Using a mouse allograft breast cancer transplantation model, we highlight that ectopic expression of RKIP significantly decreases tumor vasculature, macrophage infiltration and lung metastases. Mechanistically, we demonstrate that the inhibition of the CCL5 expression is the cause of the observed effects resulting from RKIP expression. Taken together, our results underscore the significance of RKIP as important negative regulator of tumor microenvironment.


PubMed | Japan National Institute of Agrobiological Science, Institute of Biosciences &Applications, Indian Institute of Science, DNA Diagnostics Center and 3 more.
Type: | Journal: Scientific reports | Year: 2015

Despite more than 40 years of intense study, essential features of the silkmoth chorion (eggshell) are still not fully understood. To determine the precise structure of the chorion locus, we performed extensive EST analysis, constructed a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) contig, and obtained a continuous genomic sequence of 871,711 base pairs. We annotated 127 chorion genes in two segments interrupted by a 164kb region with 5 non-chorion genes, orthologs of which were on chorion bearing scaffolds in 4 ditrysian families. Detailed transcriptome analysis revealed expression throughout choriogenesis of most chorion genes originally categorized as middle, and evidence for diverse regulatory mechanisms including cis-elements, alternative splicing and promoter utilization, and antisense RNA. Phylogenetic analysis revealed multigene family associations and faster evolution of early chorion genes and transcriptionally active pseudogenes. Proteomics analysis identified 99 chorion proteins in the eggshell and micropyle localization of 1 early and 6Hc chorion proteins.


PubMed | Institute of Biosciences & Applications, Japan National Institute of Agrobiological Science, Indian Institute of Science, DNA Diagnostics Center and 3 more.
Type: | Journal: Scientific data | Year: 2015

The silkmoth chorion was studied extensively by F.C. Kafatos group for almost 40 years. However, the complete structure of the chorion locus was not obtained in the genome sequence of Bombyx mori published in 2008 due to repetitive sequences, resulting in gaps and an incomplete view of the locus. To obtain the complete sequence of the chorion locus, expressed sequence tags (ESTs) derived from follicular epithelium cells were used as probes to screen a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library. Seven BACs were selected to construct a contig which covered the whole chorion locus. By Sanger sequencing, we successfully obtained complete sequences of the chorion locus spanning 871,711 base pairs on chromosome 2, where we annotated 127 chorion genes. The dataset reported here will recruit more researchers to revisit one of the oldest model systems which has been used to study developmentally regulated gene expression. It also provides insights into egg development and fertilization mechanisms and is relevant to applications related to improvements in breeding procedures and transgenesis.


Li G.-N.,Southwest University | Li G.-N.,State Key Laboratory of Silkworm Genome Biology | Xia X.-J.,Southwest University | Tang W.-C.,Southwest University | And 3 more authors.
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2016

The silkworm (Bombyx mori L.) is an ideal model of Lepidoptera. However, the diversity and function of the intestinal microbiota in the gut of silkworm remain largely unknown. Changes in the intestinal microecology in fluoride-resistant strain T6 and fluoride-susceptible strain 734 of the silkworm in response to fluoride exposure were investigated. T6 and 734 were treated with 200 mg/kg fluoride (designated as T6-T and 734-T groups) and deionized water (designated as T6-C and 734-C groups). Culture-dependent approach revealed that the numbers of intestinal bacteria in the 734-T group significantly decreased compared with that in the 734-C group (4.8 ± 0.6 × 107 CFU/mL vs. 7.5 ± 0.7 × 107 CFU/mL; P < 0.05). Analyses of the intestinal content pH showed that the pH decreased in the 734-T group only. Additionally, SCFA concentrations significantly decreased in both treatment groups compared with the control groups. High-throughput sequencing indicated that the intestinal microbiota in the 734-T group was significantly more diverse than those in the other groups. The bacterial community was composed of two dominant groups (Firmicutes and Proteobacteria). Principal component analyses revealed a significant difference in the composition of the intestinal microbiota in the 734-T group compared with those in the other groups. Thaumarchaeota and Euryarchaeota were more abundant in the 734-T group, but they were less abundant in the other groups. This study enhances our understanding about the diversity and function of silkworm intestinal microbiota in response to fluoride exposure among silkworm strains with diverse resistance. © 2016 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg


Nie H.,State Key Laboratory of Silkworm Genome Biology | Liu C.,State Key Laboratory of Silkworm Genome Biology | Liu C.,Southwest University | Zhang Y.,State Key Laboratory of Silkworm Genome Biology | And 5 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

The ability to respond quickly and efficiently to transient extreme environmental conditions is an important property of all biota. However, the physiological basis of thermotolerance in different species is still unclear. Here, we found that the cot mutant showed a seizure phenotype including contraction of the body, rolling, vomiting gut juice and a momentary cessation of movement, and the heartbeat rhythm of the dorsal vessel significantly increases after hyperthermia. To comprehensively understand this process at the molecular level, the transcriptomic profile of cot mutant, which is a behavior mutant that exhibits a seizure phenotype, was investigated after hyperthermia (42°C) that was induced for 5 min. By digital gene expression profiling, we determined the gene expression profile of three strains (cot/cot ok/ok, +/+ ok/ok and +/+ +/+ ) under hyperthermia (42°C) and normal (25°C) conditions. A Venn diagram showed that the most common differentially expressed genes (DEGs, FDR,0.01 and log2 Ratio$1) were up-regulated and annotated with the heat shock proteins (HSPs) in 3 strains after treatment with hyperthermia, suggesting that HSPs rapidly increased in response to high temperature; 110 unique DEGs, could be identified in the cot mutant after inducing hyperthermia when compared to the control strains. Of these 110 unique DEGs, 98.18% (108 genes) were up-regulated and 1.82% (two genes) were downregulated in the cot mutant. KEGG pathways analysis of these unique DEGs suggested that the top three KEGG pathways were "Biotin metabolism," "Fatty acid biosynthesis" and "Purine metabolism," implying that diverse metabolic processes are active in cot mutant induced-hyperthermia. Unique DEGs of interest were mainly involved in the ubiquitin system, nicotinic acetylcholine receptor genes, cardiac excitation-contraction coupling or the Notch signaling pathway. Insights into hyperthermia-induced alterations in gene expression and related pathways could yield hints for understanding the relationship between behaviors and environmental stimuli (hyperthermia) in insects. © 2014 Nie et al.


PubMed | Kuwait University, University of Toledo and State Key Laboratory Of Silkworm Genome Biology
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2015

Raf Kinase Inhibitory Protein or RKIP was initially identified as a Raf-1 binding protein using the yeast 2-hybrid screen. RKIP inhibits the activation phosphorylation of MEK by Raf-1 by competitively inhibiting the binding of MEK to Raf-1 and thus exerting an inhibitory effect on the Raf-MEK-Erk pathway. RKIP has been identified as a metastasis suppressor gene. Expression of RKIP is low in cancer metastases. Although primary tumor growth remains unaffected, re- expression of RKIP inhibits cancer metastasis. Mechanistically, RKIP constrains metastasis by inhibiting angiogenesis, local invasion, intravasation, and colonization. The molecular mechanism of how RKIP inhibits these individual steps remains undefined. In our present study, using an unbiased PCR based screening and by analyzing DNA microarray expression datasets we observe that the expression of multiple metalloproteases (MMPs) including MMP1, MMP3, MMP10 and MMP13 are negatively correlated with RKIP expression in breast cancer cell lines and clinical samples. Since expression of MMPs by cancer cells is important for cancer metastasis, we hypothesize that RKIP may mediate suppression of breast cancer metastasis by inhibiting multiple MMPs. We show that the expression signature of RKIP and MMPs is better at predicting high metastatic risk than the individual gene. Using a combination of loss- and gain-of-function approaches, we find that MMP13 is the cause of RKIP-mediated inhibition of local cancer invasion. Interestingly expression of MMP13 alone is not sufficient to reverse the inhibition of breast cancer cell metastasis to the lung due to the expression of RKIP. We find that RKIP negatively regulates MMP13 through the Erk2 signaling pathway and the repression of MMP13 by RKIP is transcription factor AP-1 independent. Together, our findings indicate that RKIP inhibits cancer cell invasion, in part, via MMP13 inhibition. These data also implicate RKIP in the regulation of MMP transcription, suggesting a potential mechanism by which RKIP inhibits tumor progression and metastasis.


Li B.,Soochow University of China | Sun Q.,Soochow University of China | Yu X.,Soochow University of China | Xie Y.,Soochow University of China | And 6 more authors.
Environmental Toxicology | Year: 2015

It is known that exposure to organophosphorus pesticides (OP) including phoxim can produce oxidative stress, neurotoxicity, and greatly attenuate cocooning rate in the silkworm, Bombyx mori. Cerium treatment has been demonstrated to relieve phoxim-induced toxicity in B. mori; however, very little is known about the molecular mechanisms of silk gland injury due to OP exposure and protection of gland damage due to cerium pretreatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate silk gland damage and its molecular mechanisms in phoxim-induced silkworm toxicity and the protective mechanisms of cerium following exposure to phoxim. The results showed that phoxim exposure resulted in severe gland damage, reductions in protein synthesis and the cocooning rate of silkworms. Cerium (Ce) attenuated gland damage caused by phoxim, promoted protein synthesis, increased the antioxidant capacity of the gland and increased the cocooning rate of B. mori. Furthermore, digital gene expression data suggested that phoxim exposure led to significant up-regulation of 714 genes and down-regulation of 120 genes. Of these genes, 122 were related to protein metabolism, specifically, the down-regulated Ser2, Ser3, Fib-L, P25, and CYP450. Ce pretreatment resulted in up-regulation of 162 genes, and down-regulation of 141 genes, importantly, Ser2, Ser3, Fib-L, P25, and CYP333B8 were up-regulated. Treatment with CeCl3 + phoxim resulted in higher levels of Fib-L, P25, Ser2, Ser3, CAT, TPx, and CYP333B8 expression in the silk gland of silkworms. These findings indicated that Ce increased cocooning rate via the promotion of silk protein synthesis-related gene expression in the gland under phoxim-induced toxicity. These findings may expand the application of rare earths in sericulture. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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