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Lan J.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Guo P.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Lin Y.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Mao Q.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | And 8 more authors.

Background Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most aggressive and invasive brain tumor, for which novel prognostic markers and predictors of therapeutic response are urgently needed. We reported previously that levels of peptide-O-linked mannose β 2-1,2-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase 1 (PomGnT1) in glioma specimens correlated with tumor grade. However, the prognostic significance of PomGnT1 in glioma patients and its function in GBM progression remain unknown. Methods Clinical relevance of PomGnT1 in GBM patients' prognosis was analyzed both in a clinically annotated expression dataset of 446 GBM tumor specimens and in 82 GBM tumor samples collected at our institution. The function of PomGnT1 in glioma growth and invasion, and the underlying mechanisms of PomGnT1 regulation were explored in vitro and in vivo. Results PomGnT1 expression in GBM tissues was closely associated with poor prognosis in GBM patients. Forced overexpression of PomGnT1 in glioblastoma cells impaired cell adhesion and increased their proliferation and invasion in vitro. Subsequent in vivo experiments showed that overexpression of PomGnT1 promoted tumor growth and shortened the survival time of tumor-bearing mice in an orthotopic model. Conversely, stable short hairpin RNA-mediated knockdown of PomGnT1 expression produced opposite effects both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistic studies revealed that activation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) resulted in EGFR/extracellular signal-regulated kinase-dependent upregulation of PomGnT1, downregulation of receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase β 2, and activation of β 2-catenin pathway signaling. Conclusion These findings suggest that PomGnT1 promotes GBM progression via activation of β 2-catenin and may serve as a prognostic factor for glioma patient survival as well as a novel molecular target for anticancer therapy in malignant glioma. © 2014 The Author(s). Source

Chen Z.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Chen Z.,State Key Laboratory of Oncogenes and Related Genes | Zhang H.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Yang L.,Fudan University | And 5 more authors.
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica

Arsenic trioxide (ATO) is highly effective for treating acute promyelocytic leukemia. It also holds the promise for treating solid tumors, including gastric carcinoma. However, the molecular mechanism of the effectiveness of ATO to solid tumor is still poorly understood. In this study, we chosed gastric carcinoma as an example and tried to reveal the antitumor mechanism through metabolomics. Gastric carcinoma cell line SGC7901 was treated with ATO for 6, 12, and 24 h. The global metabolite profiles were monitored by metabolomics analysis using gas chromatography (GC)/mass spectrometry (MS) and liquid chromatography/MS/MS. A total of 281 certified metabolites were reliably detected. Bioinformatics analysis showed that glycerophospholipid synthesis, one-carbon synthesis, and glutathione synthesis were affected dramatically. Other cellular functions/pathways that had been affected included inflammatory response, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+), and polyamine biosynthesis pathway. The metabolomics data from this study, in combination with previous transcriptomics and proteomics data, could serve as valuable resources for the understanding of the specific antitumor mechanism of ATO treatment. © 2016 The Author. Source

Zhou S.-M.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Zhou S.-M.,State Key Laboratory of Oncogenes and Related Genes | Cheng L.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Cheng L.,State Key Laboratory of Oncogenes and Related Genes | And 5 more authors.
Frontiers in Biology

Functional protein microarray is an important tool for high-throughput and large-scale systems biology studies. Besides the progresses that have been made for protein microarray fabrication, significant advancements have also been achieved for applying protein microarrays on determining a variety of protein biochemical activities. Among these applications, detection of protein binding properties, such as protein-protein interactions (PPIs), protein-DNA interactions (PDIs), protein-RNA interactions, and antigen-antibody interactions, are straightforward and have substantial impacts on many research fields. In this review, we will focus on the recent progresses in protein-protein, protein-DNA, protein-RNA, protein-small molecule, protein-lipid, protein-glycan, and antigen-antibody interactions. We will also discuss the challenges and future directions of protein microarray technologies. We strongly believe that protein microarrays will soon become an indispensible tool for both basic research and clinical applications. © 2012 Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Zhou S.-M.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Zhou S.-M.,State Key Laboratory of Oncogenes and Related Genes | Cheng L.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Cheng L.,State Key Laboratory of Oncogenes and Related Genes | And 5 more authors.
Combinatorial Chemistry and High Throughput Screening

Cell surfaces, especially mammalian cell surfaces, are heavily coated with complex poly- and oligosaccharides, and these glycans have been implicated in many functions, such as cell-to-cell communication, host-pathogen interactions and cell matrix interactions. Not surprisingly then, the aberrations of glycosylation are usually indicative of the onset of specific diseases, such as cancer. Therefore, glycans are expected to serve as important biomarkers for disease diagnosis and/or prognosis. Recent development of the lectin microarray technology has allowed researchers to profile the glycans in complex biological samples in a high throughput fashion. This relatively new tool is highly suitable for both live cell and cell lysate analyses and has the potential for rapid discovery of glycan-based biomarkers. In this review, we will focus on the basic concepts and the latest advances of lectin microarray technology. We will also emphasize the application of lectin microarrays for biomarker discovery, and then discuss the challenges faced by this technology and potential future directions. Based on the tremendous progress already achieved, it seems apparent that lectin microarrays will soon become an indispensible tool for glycosylation biomarker discovery. © 2011 Bentham Science Publishers Ltd. Source

Chen Y.,CAS Wuhan Institute of Hydrobiology | Chen Y.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences | Yang L.-N.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences | Yang L.-N.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | And 21 more authors.
Molecular and Cellular Proteomics

Bcl2-associated athanogene 3(BAG3), a member of the BAG family of co-chaperones, plays a critical role in regulating apoptosis, development, cell motility, autophagy, and tumor metastasis and in mediating cell adaptive responses to stressful stimuli. BAG3 carries a BAG domain, a WW domain, and a proline-rich repeat (PXXP), all of which mediate binding to different partners. To elucidate BAG3's interaction network at the molecular level, we employed quantitative immunoprecipitation combined with knockdown and human proteome microarrays to comprehensively profile the BAG3 interactome in humans. We identified a total of 382 BAG3-interacting proteins with diverse functions, including transferase activity, nucleic acid binding, transcription factors, proteases, and chaperones, suggesting that BAG3 is a critical regulator of diverse cellular functions. In addition, we characterized interactions between BAG3 and some of its newly identified partners in greater detail. In particular, bioinformatic analysis revealed that the BAG3 interactome is strongly enriched in proteins functioning within the proteasome-ubiquitination process and that compose the proteasome complex itself, suggesting that a critical biological function of BAG3 is associated with the proteasome. Functional studies demonstrated that BAG3 indeed interacts with the proteasome and modulates its activity, sustaining cell survival and underlying resistance to therapy through the down-modulation of apoptosis. Taken as a whole, this study expands our knowledge of the BAG3 interactome, provides a valuable resource for understanding how BAG3 affects different cellular functions, and demonstrates that biologically relevant data can be harvested using this kind of integrated approach. © 2013 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc. Source

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