State Key Laboratory of Oncogene and Related Genes

Shanghai, China

State Key Laboratory of Oncogene and Related Genes

Shanghai, China

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Wang J.-L.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Hu Y.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Kong X.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Wang Z.-H.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | And 5 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Gastric cancer (GC) remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and there is therefore a clear need to search for more sensitive early diagnostic biomarkers. We performed a systematic review of eight published miRNA profiling studies that compared GC tissues with adjacent noncancerous tissues. A miRNA ranking system was used that took the frequency of comparisons, direction of differential expression and total sample size into consideration. We identified five miRNAs that were most consistently reported to be upregulated (miR-21, miR-106b, miR-17, miR-18a and miR-20a) and two miRNAs that were downregulated (miR-378 and miR-638). Six of these were further validated in 32 paired sets of GC and adjacent noncancerous tissue samples using real-time PCR. MiR-21, miR-106b, miR-17, miR-18a and miR-20a were confirmed to be upregulatedin GC tissues, while the expression of miR-378 was decreased. Moreover, we found a significant association between expression levels of miR-21, miR-106b, miR-17, miR-18a and miR-20a and clinicopathological features of GC. These miRNAs may be used for diagnostic and/or prognostic biomarkers for GC and therefore warrant further investigation. © 2013 Wang et al.


Hu Y.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Hu Y.,Key Laboratory of Gastroenterology and Hepatology | Hu Y.,State Key Laboratory of Oncogene and Related Genes | Yu C.-Y.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | And 12 more authors.
Scientific Reports | Year: 2014

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) participate in diverse biological pathways and may act as oncogenes or tumor suppressors. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in miRNAs (MirSNPs) might promote carcinogenesis by affecting miRNA function and/or maturation; however, the association between MirSNPs reported and cancer risk remain inconsistent. Here, we investigated the association between nine common MirSNPs and cancer risk using data from large scale case-control studies. Eight precursor-miRNA (pre-miRNA) SNPs (rs2043556/miR-605, rs3746444/miR-499a/b, rs4919510/miR-608, rs2910164/miR-146a, rs11614913/miR-196a2, rs895819/miR-27a, rs2292832/miR-149, rs6505162/miR-423) and one primary-miRNA (pri-miRNA) SNP (rs1834306/miR-100) were analyzed in 16399 cases and 21779 controls from seven published studies in eight common cancers. With a novel statistic, Cross phenotype meta-analysis (CPMA) of the association of MirSNPs with multiple phenotypes indicated rs2910164 C (P = 1.11E-03), rs2043556 C (P = 0.0165), rs6505162 C (P = 2.05E-03) and rs895819 (P = 0.0284) were associated with a significant overall risk of cancer. In conclusion, MirSNPs might affect an individual's susceptibility to various types of cancer.


Yang W.-S.,State Key Laboratory of Oncogene and Related Genes | Yang W.-S.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Yang W.-S.,Jiujiang University | Li H.-L.,State Key Laboratory of Oncogene and Related Genes | And 9 more authors.
European Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2016

Coinciding with the increased incidence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) during the past decades, there has been a significant increase in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in mainland China. We therefore evaluated whether type 2 diabetes (T2D) is associated with the risk of NHL using data from the Shanghai Men's Health Study (SMHS) and the Shanghai Women's Health Study (SWHS). The SMHS and SWHS are two on-going, prospective, population-based cohorts of more than 130 000 Chinese adults in urban Shanghai. Self-reported diabetes was recorded on the baseline questionnaire and updated in follow-up surveys. Cox regression models with T2D as a time-varying exposure were used to estimate hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals, adjusting for covariates. After a median follow-up of 12.9 years for SWHS and 7.4 years for SMHS, 172 NHL cases were identified. Patients with T2D have a higher risk of incident NHL with a hazard ratio of 2.00 (95% confidence interval: 1.32-3.03) compared with those without diabetes. This positive association remained when the analysis was restricted to untreated diabetes or after excluding NHL cases that occurred within 3 years after the onset of diabetes. No interaction effect was found in the development of NHL between T2D and other potential risk factors. A linear inverse association was found between T2D duration and the risk of NHL in both men and women (P for linearity <0.01), with a highest risk of incident NHL in the first 5 years after the diagnosis of diabetes. Our study suggested that T2D might be associated with an increased risk of NHL. © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.


Weng Y.-R.,Renji Hospital | Weng Y.-R.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Cui Y.,Renji Hospital | Cui Y.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | And 3 more authors.
Molecular Cancer Research | Year: 2012

The structural proteins cytokeratin 18 (CK18) and its coexpressed complementary partner CK8 are expressed in a variety of adult epithelial organs and may play a role in carcinogenesis. In this study, we focused on the biological functions of CK18, which is thought to modulate intracellular signaling and operates in conjunction with various related proteins. CK18 may affect carcinogenesis through several signaling pathways, including the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt, Wnt, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways. CK18 acts as an identical target of Akt in the PI3K/Akt pathway and of ERK1/2 in the ERK MAPK pathway, and regulation of CK18 by Wnt is involved in Akt activation. Finally, we discuss the importance of gaining a more complete understanding of the expression of CK18 during carcinogenesis, and suggest potential clinical applications of that understanding. ©2012 AACR.


Pan Q.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Yang G.-L.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Yang J.-H.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Lin S.-L.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2015

Background: Metformin is the first line of oral antidiabetic drug in the biguanide class for treatment of type 2 diabetes. Increasing evidence has suggested that it is a potential anti-tumor drug. However, the mechanisms underlying inhibiting tumor development remain elusive, especially in bladder tumors. Methods: T24 and J82 cell lines were used as an in vitro model, and 24 female SD rats were used to build an N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU)-induced orthotopic rat bladder cancer model. Transfection of lentivirus-based shRNA was used to construct the STAT3-KNOCKDOWN T24 cell line. After metformin treatment, the viability of bladde cancer cells was determined by CCK8. Cell cycle distribution and apoptosis were assessed by flow cytometry. The migration and invasion abilities of cells were evaluated by wound healing and transwell asssays. The inactivation of stat3 pahtway was examined by qRTPCR, western blot and Immunofluorescence. Results: Metformin can effectively inhibit precancerous progression to invasive cancer in an MNU-induced rat orthotopic bladder tumor model, although it could not completely suppress normal cells transforming into tumor cells. While the MNU could induce 50 % rats (4/8) to develop invasive bladder cancers, the rats co-administrated with metformin failed to develop invasive tumors but retained at precancerous or non-invasive stages, exhibiting as dysplasia, papillary tumor and/or carcinoma in situ (CIS). Accordingly, phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), which is a well known oncogene, was significantly inhibited in the tumors of rats treated with metformin. In vitro experiments revealed that the metformin could efficiently inhibit STAT3 activation, which was associated with the cell cycle arrest, reduction of cell proliferation, migration and invasiveness, and increase in apoptotic cell death of bladder cancer cell lines. Conclusions: These findings provide for the first time the evidence that metformin can block precancerous lesions progressing to invasive tumors through inhibiting the activation of STAT3 pathway, and may be used for treatment of the non-invasive bladder cancers to prevent them from progression to invasive tumors. © 2015 Pan et al.


Wu S.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Wu S.,State Key Laboratory of Oncogene and Related Genes | Lao X.-Y.,Holly Laboratory Shanghai | Sun T.-T.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | And 19 more authors.
Cancer Letters | Year: 2013

Zinc finger protein X-linked (ZFX) is a zinc finger transcription factor encoded on the X chromosome. Here, we found that ZFX expression was significantly upregulated in gastric cancer (GC) cell lines and tissues. Knockdown of ZFX induced significant apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in SGC7901 and MGC803 cells. Moreover, we demonstrated for the first time that knockdown of ZFX inhibited gastric cancer cell growth in vitro and in vivo via downregulating the extracellular signal-regulated kinase/mitogen-activated protein kinase (ERK-MAPK) pathway. Therefore, ZFX play a prominent role in GC tumorigenicity and may have potential applications in the diagnosis or treatment of GC. © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.


Chooi E.Y.H.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Chooi E.Y.H.,State Key Laboratory of Oncogene and Related Genes | Chen H.-M.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Chen H.-M.,State Key Laboratory of Oncogene and Related Genes | And 12 more authors.
Singapore Medical Journal | Year: 2012

Introduction We aimed to examine the turnover of chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) pathologically and endoscopically and explore its potential causes. Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted of prospective data collected from 1,592 patients who underwent gastroscopy three times or more during the period 1985-2009 at Renji Hospital, Shanghai, China. Pathological and endoscopic findings were analysed. Data collected included gender, age, length of follow-up period, family history, past medical history, history of Helicobacter (H.) pylori infection, drug history for the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), antacids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs [NSAIDs], and lifestyle history, including the patients' eating habits. Resu lts 23 (1.44%) patients presented with gastric cancers resulting from CAG and 349 (21.92%) patients had dysplasia. Pathological and endoscopic findings suggested that the proportion of patients with worsening gastric mucosa during the atrophic and intestinal metaplasia (IM) phases was over 35% with increasing age. Gastric mucosa was found to be pathologically aggravated by carbonated drinks and fast food, and pathologically degenerated by H. pylori infection. Smoking deteriorated the gastric mucosa. Side dishes of vegetables may benefit the gastric mucosa even in the atrophic and IM phases. Conclusion Our findings support the consensus that CAG is a progressive disease. Potential factors that were found to affect the state of the gastric mucosa in our patient group were gender, H. pylori infection, use of PPIs or NSAIDs, and intake of vegetable side dishes, spicy food, carbonated drinks and fast food.


Chen H.-M.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Chen H.-M.,State Key Laboratory of Oncogene and Related Genes | Lin Y.-W.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Lin Y.-W.,State Key Laboratory of Oncogene and Related Genes | And 8 more authors.
Nutrition and Cancer | Year: 2013

The mechanism by which butyrate prevents colorectal cancer (CRC) is unclear. The objective of this study was to identify potential target genes of butyrate in 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH)-induced CRC in mice. Nontumor colorectal tissues of mice from DMH + butyrate, DMH, and control groups were hybridized on Agilent Mouse Whole Genome 44K Oligo Microarrays. Selected genes were validated by qRT-PCR. Data was further analyzed by KEGG, gene ontology (GO), and pathway studio software. The tumor incidence in the DMH + butyrate and DMH groups was 30% and 90%, respectively (P < 0.05). There were 355 genes downregulated due to DMH treatment while upregulated by butyrate, and 475 genes upregulated by DMH while downregulated by butyrate. The results revealed that most of the tumor-related signaling pathways (e.g., MAPK pathway, Wnt pathway, insulin pathway, and VEGF pathway) were downregulated by butyrate. The GO terms related to cell differentiation, cell cycle, cell proliferation, cell death, cell adhesion, and cell migration were significantly affected. The chemopreventive effects of butyrate were confirmed in the DMH-induced CRC mice model. And mechanisms encompassing multiple pathways and GO terms are involved in the regulation of gene expression. © 2013 Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.


Xiong H.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Xiong H.,State Key Laboratory of Oncogene and Related Genes | Du W.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Du W.,State Key Laboratory of Oncogene and Related Genes | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Molecular Medicine | Year: 2012

Abnormalities in signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) signaling, especially STAT3 and STAT5, are involved in the oncogenesis of several human cancers, including gastric cancer (GC). However, the downstream targets of STAT3 and STAT5 are not fully identified, and the precise roles and the prognostic value of STAT3 and STAT5 in GC have not been fully characterized. In this study, we used ChIP-on-chip to identify STAT3 and STAT5 target genes on a whole genome scale in AGS cells, a human GC cell line. A total of 2,514 and 1,314 genes were identified as STAT3 and STAT5 target genes, which were mainly related to cell growth, metabolism, differentiation, adhesion, immune response, and stress response. Furthermore, we depleted STAT3 and STAT5 with a small interfering RNA, respectively. Our results demonstrate that STAT3, but not STAT5, is involved in GC cell growth and cell cycle progression through regulation of gene expression, such as Bcl-2, p16ink4a and p21 waf1/cip1. Moreover, expression of pSTAT3Tyr70 5 correlates with TNM stage, differentiation and survival, and is a significant prognostic factor in GC. Therefore, our findings provide novel evidence that STAT3 may be a potential therapeutic target for GC treatment and pSTAT3 Tyr705 expression can predict prognosis in GC. © Springer-Verlag 2012.


PubMed | State Key Laboratory of Oncogene and Related Genes, Ohio State University and Shanghai JiaoTong University
Type: | Journal: Journal of experimental & clinical cancer research : CR | Year: 2015

Metformin is the first line of oral antidiabetic drug in the biguanide class for treatment of type 2 diabetes. Increasing evidence has suggested that it is a potential anti-tumor drug. However, the mechanisms underlying inhibiting tumor development remain elusive, especially in bladder tumors.T24 and J82 cell lines were used as an in vitro model, and 24 female SD rats were used to build an N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU)-induced orthotopic rat bladder cancer model. Transfection of lentivirus-based shRNA was used to construct the STAT3-KNOCKDOWN T24 cell line. After metformin treatment, the viability of bladde cancer cells was determined by CCK8. Cell cycle distribution and apoptosis were assessed by flow cytometry. The migration and invasion abilities of cells were evaluated by wound healing and transwell asssays. The inactivation of stat3 pahtway was examined by qRTPCR, western blot and Immunofluorescence.Metformin can effectively inhibit precancerous progression to invasive cancer in an MNU-induced rat orthotopic bladder tumor model, although it could not completely suppress normal cells transforming into tumor cells. While the MNU could induce 50 % rats (4/8) to develop invasive bladder cancers, the rats co-administrated with metformin failed to develop invasive tumors but retained at precancerous or non-invasive stages, exhibiting as dysplasia, papillary tumor and/or carcinoma in situ (CIS). Accordingly, phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), which is a well known oncogene, was significantly inhibited in the tumors of rats treated with metformin. In vitro experiments revealed that the metformin could efficiently inhibit STAT3 activation, which was associated with the cell cycle arrest, reduction of cell proliferation, migration and invasiveness, and increase in apoptotic cell death of bladder cancer cell lines.These findings provide for the first time the evidence that metformin can block precancerous lesions progressing to invasive tumors through inhibiting the activation of STAT3 pathway, and may be used for treatment of the non-invasive bladder cancers to prevent them from progression to invasive tumors.

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