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PubMed | State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics, Shanghai Institute of Digestive Surgery and Biobank of Gastrointestinal carcinoma and Shanghai JiaoTong University
Type: | Journal: Scientific reports | Year: 2015

Gastric cancer is one of the most aggressive cancers and is the second leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Approximately 40% of global gastric cancer cases occur in China, with peritoneal metastasis being the prevalent form of recurrence and metastasis in advanced disease. Currently, there are limited clinical approaches for predicting and treatment of peritoneal metastasis, resulting in a 6-month average survival time. By comprehensive genome analysis will uncover the pathogenesis of peritoneal metastasis. Here we describe a comprehensive whole-genome and transcriptome sequencing analysis of one advanced gastric cancer case, including non-cancerous mucosa, primary cancer and matched peritoneal metastatic cancer. The peripheral blood is used as normal control. We identified 27 mutated genes, of which 19 genes are reported in COSMIC database (ZNF208, CRNN, ATXN3, DCTN1, RP1L1, PRB4, PRB1, MUC4, HS6ST3, MUC17, JAM2, ITGAD, IREB2, IQUB, CORO1B, CCDC121, AKAP2, ACAN and ACADL), and eight genes have not previously been described in gastric cancer (CCDC178, ARMC4, TUBB6, PLIN4, PKLR, PDZD2, DMBT1and DAB1).Additionally,GPX4 and MPND in 19q13.3-13.4 region, is characterized as a novel fusion-gene. This study disclosed novel biological markers and tumorigenic pathways that would predict gastric cancer occurring peritoneal metastasis.

Ruan C.-C.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Zhu D.-L.,State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics | Chen Q.-Z.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Chen J.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | And 3 more authors.
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology | Year: 2010

Objective- To examine the role of perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT)-derived factors in the regulation of adventitial fibroblast (AF) function in vitro and in vivo. Methods and Results- PVAT is an active component of blood vessels. Bioactive substances released from PVAT play regulatory roles in vascular function. However, their effects on vascular AFs remain unclear. PVAT-conditioned medium stimulated AF migration using a transwell technique, and differentiation was evaluated by α-smooth muscle-actin induction. We identified the secretome of PVAT by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. One of the major secretory proteins in PVAT is complement 3 (C3). The C3 antagonist and neutralizing antibody attenuated PVAT-conditioned medium-induced AF migration and differentiation. Similar to PVAT-conditioned medium, C3 recombinant protein stimulated AF migration and differentiation. We demonstrated that the effects of PVAT-derived C3 were mediated by the c-Jun N-terminal kinase pathway. Moreover, we found morphological changes in perivascular adipocytes and increased expression of C3 in PVAT that was tightly associated with adventitial thickening and myofibroblast clustering around PVAT in deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt hypertensive rats. Conclusion- PVAT-derived C3 stimulated AF migration and differentiation via the c-Jun N-terminal kinase pathway. PVAT-derived C3 may contribute to adventitial remodeling in a deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt hypertensive model. © 2010 American Heart Association. All rights reserved.

PubMed | State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics, Nanjing Medical University and Ruijin Hospital Luwan Branch
Type: | Journal: FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology | Year: 2016

Perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT)-derived adiponectin (APN) is a secreted adipokine that protects against hypertension-related cardiovascular injury. However, the regulation of APN expression in hypertension remains to be explored. In this study, we demonstrated that down-regulation of APN was associated with complement activation in the PVAT of desoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertensive mice. Complement 3-deficient hypertensive mice were protected from ANP decrease in the PVAT. APN deficiency blockaded the protective effects of complement inhibition against hypertensive vascular injury. Mechanistically, complement 5a (C5a)-induced TNF- secretion from macrophages is required for inhibiting APN expression in adipocytes. Macrophage depletion reversed C5a agonist peptide-induced TNF- up-regulation and APN down-regulation in the PVAT of DOCA mice. Moreover, we detected increased macrophage infiltration and C5a expression associated with decreased APN expression in adipose tissue from patients with aldosterone-producing adenoma. These results identify a novel interaction between macrophages and adipocytes in the PVAT, where complement-mediated inhibition of APN acts as a potential risk factor for hypertensive vascular inflammation.-Ruan, C.-C., Ma, Y., Ge, Q., Li, Y., Zhu, L.-M., Zhang, Y., Kong, L.-R., Wu, Q-H., Li, F., Cheng, L., Zhao, A. Z., Zhu, D.-L., Gao, P.-J. Complement-mediated inhibition of adiponectin regulates perivascular inflammation and vascular injury in hypertension.

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