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He S.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences | Lu J.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences | Jiang W.,CAS Kunming Institute of Zoology | Yang S.,BGI Shenzhen | And 4 more authors.
Mitochondrial DNA | Year: 2015

Sinocyclocheilus anshuiensis is a special cavefish that lives in the Southwestern China with many specific regressive features, such as rudimentary eyes and scales, and loss of pigmentation. In this study, we performed sequencing and assembly of its complete mitochondrial genome. We confirmed that total length of the mitochondrion is 16 618 bp with an AT ratio of 55.4%. The complete mitochondrial genome contains 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNAs, 2 ribosomal RNAs and a 963 bp control region. Our current data provide important resources for the research of cavefish mitochondrial evolution and energy metabolism. © 2015 Taylor & Francis. Source

You X.,Sun Yat Sen University | You X.,Marine and Fisheries Institute | You X.,State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Genomics | Shu L.,State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Genomics | And 19 more authors.
BMC Genetics | Year: 2013

Background: Orange-spotted grouper, Epinephelus coioides, is one of the most valuable fish species in China. Commercial production of orange-spotted grouper could be increased by developing higher growth rates and improving commercially important traits. Information on genetic markers associated with quantitative trait loci (QTL) can be used in breeding programs to identify and select individuals carrying desired traits. A high-density genetic linkage map is the basis for QTL study, and multiplexed shotgun genotyping (MSG) facilitates the development of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and genotyping. In this study, the first high-density genetic linkage maps for groupers were generated on the basis of the MSG method.Results: The sex-averaged map contained a total of 4,608 SNPs, which spanned 1581.7 cM, with a mean distance between SNPs of 0.34 cM. The 4,608 SNPs were located in 2,849 unique locations on the linkage map, with an average inter-location space at 0.56 cM. There were 2,516 SNPs on the female map, and the number of unique locus was 1,902. However, the male map contained more numbers of SNP (2,939) and unique locations (2,005). The total length of the female and male maps was 1,370.9 and 1,335.5 cM, respectively.Conclusions: The high-resolution genetic linkage maps will be very useful for QTL analyses and marker-assisted selection (MAS) for economically important traits in molecular breeding of the orange-spotted grouper. © 2013 You et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Zheng W.,Northwest University, China | Zheng W.,Henan Agricultural University | Huang L.,Northwest University, China | Huang J.,State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Genomics | And 29 more authors.
Nature Communications | Year: 2013

Stripe rust, caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst), is one of the most destructive diseases of wheat. Here we report a 110-Mb draft sequence of Pst isolate CY32, obtained using a 'fosmid-to-fosmid' strategy, to better understand its race evolution and pathogenesis. The Pst genome is highly heterozygous and contains 25,288 protein-coding genes. Compared with non-obligate fungal pathogens, Pst has a more diverse gene composition and more genes encoding secreted proteins. Re-sequencing analysis indicates significant genetic variation among six isolates collected from different continents. Approximately 35% of SNPs are in the coding sequence regions, and half of them are non-synonymous. High genetic diversity in Pst suggests that sexual reproduction has an important role in the origin of different regional races. Our results show the effectiveness of the 'fosmid-to-fosmid' strategy for sequencing dikaryotic genomes and the feasibility of genome analysis to understand race evolution in Pst and other obligate pathogens. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved. Source

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