He M.,China University of Mining and Technology |
He M.,State Key Laboratory for Geomechanics and Deep Underground EngineeringBeijing |
Peng Y.,China University of Mining and Technology |
Peng Y.,State Key Laboratory for Geomechanics and Deep Underground EngineeringBeijing |
And 7 more authors.
International Journal of Mining Science and Technology | Year: 2015
Abstract In order to understand failure mechanisms of the tunnel excavated in the stratified rock masses in deep mine, the physical modeling experiment by using the large-scale model was carried out. The field case simulated in the experiment is a main connection tunnel located at depth of 1000 m in Qishan coal mine, Xuzhou mining district. Tunnel deformation was monitored by using strain gauges and a video camera simultaneously. Crack initiation and propagation process during the test were analyzed based on image analysis of the captured video photographs. At the same time, deformation process of the key monitoring points around the tunnel section is given by the monitored strain plots. Under the increasing external loads, crack initiation occurs firstly on the left wall of the tunnel, then on the immediate roof. Complete failure of the tunnel occurs as a result of the slippage of the rock layers along the interfaces. © 2015 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of China University of Mining & Technology.