State Key Laboratory for Agro Biotechnology

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Yan J.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Li Y.,CAS Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research | Yan H.,State Key Laboratory for Agro Biotechnology | Yan H.,China Agricultural University | And 6 more authors.
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology | Year: 2017

Two Gram-staining-negative, aerobic bacteria (YIC 5082T and YIC4104) isolated from root nodules of Sesbania cannabina grown in a high-salt and alkaline environment were identified as a group in the genus Agrobacterium because they shared 100 and 99.7% sequence similarities of 16S rRNA and recA+atpD genes, respectively. These two strains showed 99.2/100% and 93.9/95.4% 16S rRNA and recA+atpD gene sequence similarities to Agrobacterium radiobacter LMG140T and Agrobacterium. pusense NRCPB10T, respectively. The average nucleotide identities (ANI) of genome sequences were 89.95% or lower between YIC 5082T and the species of the genus Agrobacterium examined. Moreover, these two test strains formed a unique nifH lineage deeply separated from other rhizobia. Although the nodC gene was not detected in YIC 5082T and YIC4104, they could form effective root nodules on S. cannabina plants. The main cellular fatty acids in YIC 5082T were summed feature 8 (C18:1ω7c/C18:1ω6c), C19:0cyclo ω8c, summed feature 2 (C12:0 aldehyde/unknown equivalent chain length 10.9525) and C16:0. The DNA G+C content of YIC 5082T was 59.3 mol%. The failure to utilize d-sorbitol as a carbon source distinguished YIC 5082T from the type strains of related species. YIC 5082T could grow in presence of 5.0% (w/v) NaCl and at a pH of up to 10.0. Based on results regarding the genetic and phenotypic properties of YIC 5082T and YIC4104 the name Agrobacterium salinitolerans sp. nov. is proposed and YIC 5082T (=HAMBI 3646T=LMG 29287T) is designed as the type strain. © 2017 IUMS.


Yan J.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Li Y.,CAS Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research | Han X.Z.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Chen W.F.,State Key Laboratory for Agro Biotechnology | And 4 more authors.
Archives of Microbiology | Year: 2017

A Gram-negative, non-spore-forming, aerobic rods, strain YIC4121T, was isolated from root nodule of Sesbania cannabina grown in Dongying (Yellow River Delta), Shandong Province, PR China. Based on phylogenetic analysis of 16 S rRNA gene sequences, strain YIC4121T was assigned to the genus Agrobacterium with 99.7, 99.3, 99.0, 98.8 and 98.7% sequence similarities to Agrobacterium radiobacter LMG140T, A. pusense NRCPB10T, A. arsenijevicii KFB 330T, A. nepotum 39/7T and A. larrymoorei ATCC51759T. Analysis of the concatenated housekeeping genes (recA-atpD-glnII), showed lower sequence similarities (≤94.6%) between strain YIC4121T and other recognized Agrobacterium species. Strain YIC4121T shared whole-genome average nucleotide identities (ANI) 87.94, 91.27 and 77.42%, with A. pusense NRCPB10T, A. radiobacter LMG140T and A. larrymoorei ATCC51759T. The predominant cellular fatty acids were C19:0 cyclo ω8c, summed feature 2 (C12:0 aldehyde/unknown 10.9525), summed feature 8 (C18:1ω7c/C18:1ω6c), C16:0 3 OH and C16:0. The G + C content of strain YIC4121T was 59.80 mol%. Tween 80, lactulose, citric acid, α-ketoglutaric acid, glycyl-l-glutamic acid and 2, 3-butanediol could not be utilized as carbon source, distinguishing strain YIC4121T from the other related species. Based on the distinctly genetic and phenotypic dissimilarity, a novel species Agrobacterium deltaense sp. nov. is proposed with YIC4121T (=HAMBI 3654T = LMG 29283T) as the type strain. © 2017 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg


Yan J.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Yan H.,State Key Laboratory for Agro Biotechnology | Yan H.,China Agricultural University | Liu L.X.,State Key Laboratory for Agro Biotechnology | And 7 more authors.
Archives of Microbiology | Year: 2016

One Gram-negative, aerobic, motile, rod-shaped bacterium, designated as FH14T, was isolated from nodules of Phaseolus vulgaris grown in Hidalgo State of Mexico. Results based upon 16S rRNA gene (≥99.8 % similarities to known species), concatenated sequence (recA, atpD and glnII) analysis of three housekeeping genes (≤93.4 % similarities to known species) and average nucleotide identity (ANI) values of genome sequence (ranged from 87.6 to 90.0 % to related species) indicated the distinct position of strain FH14T within the genus Rhizobium. In analyses of symbiotic genes, only nitrogen fixation gene nifH was amplified that had nucleotide sequence identical to those of the bean-nodulating strains in R. phaseoli and R. vallis, while nodulation gene nodC gene was not amplified. The failure of nodulation to its original host P. vulgaris and other legumes evidenced the loss of its nodulation capability. Strain FH14T contained summed feature 8 (C18:1ω6c/C18:1ω7c, 59.96 %), C16:0 (10.6 %) and summed feature 2 (C12:0 aldehyde/unknown 10.928, 10.24 %) as the major components of cellular fatty acids. Failure to utilize alaninamide, and utilizing l-alanine, l-asparagine and γ-amino butyric acid as carbon source, distinguished the strain FH14T from the type strains for the related species. The genome size and DNA G+C content of FH14T were 6.94 Mbp and 60.8 mol %, respectively. Based on those results, a novel specie in Rhizobium, named Rhizobium hidalgonense sp. nov., was proposed, with FH14T (=HAMBI 3636T = LMG 29288T) as the type strain. © 2016 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg


Yao Y.,State Key Laboratory for Agro Biotechnology | Sui X.H.,State Key Laboratory for Agro Biotechnology | Zhang X.X.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Wang E.T.,State Key Laboratory for Agro Biotechnology | Chen W.X.,State Key Laboratory for Agro Biotechnology
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology | Year: 2015

Six slow-growing rhizobial strains isolated from effective nodules of Erythrophleum fordii were classified into the genus Bradyrhizobium based on their 16S rRNA gene sequences. The results of multilocus sequence analysis of recA, glnII and gyrB genes and 16S–23S rRNA intergenic spacer (IGS) sequence phylogeny indicated that the six strains belonged to two novel species, represented by CCBAU 53325T and CCBAU 51502T, which were consistent with the results of DNA–DNA hybridization; CCBAU 53325T had 17.65–25.59% relatedness and CCBAU 51502T had 22.69–44.58% relatedness with five closely related type strains, Bradyrhizobium elkanii USDA 76T, B. pachyrhizi LMG 24246T, B. lablabi CCBAU 23086T, B. jicamae LMG 24556T and B. japonicum USDA 6T. In addition, analysis of phenotypic characteristics and fatty acid profiles also distinguished the test strains from defined species of Bradyrhizobium. Two novel species, Bradyrhizobium erythrophlei sp. nov., represented by the type strain CCBAU 53325T (=HAMBI 3614T=CGMCC 1.13002T=LMG 28425T), and Bradyrhizobium ferriligni sp. nov., represented by the type strain CCBAU 51502T (=HAMBI 3613T=CGMCC 1.13001T), are proposed to accommodate the strains. © 2015, IUMS.


PubMed | Chinese Academy of Sciences, State Key Laboratory for Agro Biotechnology, National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Type: | Journal: Archives of microbiology | Year: 2016

One Gram-negative, aerobic, motile, rod-shaped bacterium, designated as FH14

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