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Kong S.,State Environmental Protect Key Laboratory Of Urban Ambient Air Particulate Matter Poll Prev And Control | Kong S.,Nankai University | Lu B.,State Environmental Protect Key Laboratory Of Urban Ambient Air Particulate Matter Poll Prev And Control | Lu B.,Nankai University | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Environmental Monitoring | Year: 2012

15 road and 14 soil dust samples were collected from an oilfield city, Dongying, from 11/2009-4/2010 and analyzed by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectroscopy (ICP-MS) for V, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Cd and Pb within PM 2.5, PM 10 and PM 100 fractions synchronously. Metal concentrations, sources and human health risk were studied. Results showed that both soil and road dust exhibited higher values for Mn and Zn and lower values for Co and Cd for the three fractions. Mass concentration ratios of PM 2.5/PM 10 and PM 10/PM 100 for metals in road and soil dust indicate that most of the heavy metals tend to concentrate in fine particles. Geoaccumulation index and enrichment factors analysis showed that Cu, Zn and Cd exhibited moderate or heavy contamination and significant enrichment, indicating the influence of anthropogenic sources. Vanadium, Cr, Mn and Co were mostly not enriched and were mainly influenced by crustal sources. For Ni, As and Pb, they ranged from not enriched to moderately enriched and were influenced by both crustal materials and anthropogenic sources. The conclusions were confirmed by multivariate analysis methods. Principle component analysis revealed that the major sources were vehicle emission, industrial activities, coal combustion, agricultural activities and crustal materials. The risk assessment results indicated that metal ingestion appeared to be the main exposure route followed by dermal contact. The most likely cause for cancer and other health risks are both the fine particles of soil and road dusts. © 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Source


Kong S.,Nankai University | Kong S.,State Environmental Protect Key Laboratory Of Urban Ambient Air Particulate Matter Poll Prev And Control | Ji Y.,Nankai University | Ji Y.,State Environmental Protect Key Laboratory Of Urban Ambient Air Particulate Matter Poll Prev And Control | And 11 more authors.
Environmental Pollution | Year: 2012

The distribution of six priority phthalic acid esters (PAEs) in suburban farmland, vegetable, orchard and wasteland soils of Tianjin were obtained with gas chromatography-mass spectrometer analysis in 2009. Results showed that total PAEs varied from 0.05 to 10.4 μg g -1, with the median value as 0.32 μg g -1. Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate and di-n-butyl phthalate are most abundant species. PAEs concentrations for the four types of soils exhibited decreasing order as vegetable soil > wasteland soil > farmland soil > orchard soil. PAEs exhibited elevated levels in more developed regions when compared with other studies. The agricultural plastic film could elevate the PAEs contents in soils. Principal component analysis indicated the emission from cosmetics and personal care products and plasticizers were important sources for PAEs in suburban soils in Tianjin. The higher PAEs contents in wasteland soils from suburban area should be paid more attention owing to large amounts of solid wastes appeared with the ongoing urbanization. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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