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Yang H.,Petrochina | Yang H.,State Engineering Laboratory of Exploration and Development for Low permeability Oil & Gas Fields | Liu X.,Petrochina | Liu X.,State Engineering Laboratory of Exploration and Development for Low permeability Oil & Gas Fields | And 2 more authors.
Natural Gas Industry | Year: 2015

By the end of 2014, a giant Shenmu Gas Field had been found in the Ordos Basin with an explored gas-bearing area of 4069 km2 and proved geological gas reserves of 333.4 billion m3. This paper aims to review the exploration history of this field and discusses its reservoir-forming mechanism and geological characteristics, which may guide the further discovery and exploration of such similar gas fields in this basin and other basins. The following research findings were concluded. (1) There are typical tight sand gas reservoirs in this field primarily with the payzones of the Upper Paleozoic Taiyuan Fm, and secondly with those of the Shanxi and Shihezi Fms. (2) Gas types are dominated by coal gas with an average methane content of 88% and no H2S content. (3) The gas reservoirs were buried 1700-2800 deep underneath with multiple pressure systems and an average pressure coefficient of 0.87. (4) The reservoir strata are composed of fluvial delta facies sandstones with an average porosity of 7.8% and permeability of 0.63 mD, having high pressure sensibility and a strong water-locking effect because the pore throat radii are mostly less than 1 μm. (5) There are different dynamics at various stages in the gas reservoir-forming process. The abnormal well-developed strata pressure was the main reservoir-forming force at the Early Cretaceous setting stage while the fluid expansibility became the main gas-migrating force at the uplift and denudation stage after the Early Cretaceous period. (6) Gas reservoirs with ultra-low water saturation are mainly controlled by many factors such as changes of high temperature and high pressure fields in the Late Jurassic and Early Cretaceous periods, the charging of dry gas at the highly-mature stage, and the gas escape and dissipation at the post-reservoir-forming periods. (7) Natural gas migrated and accumulated vertically in a shortcutting path to form gas reservoirs. At such areas near the source rocks, large-scale gas reservoirs were easily found with plenty of gas sources and high gas saturation; but at those far from the source rocks, relatively small-scale and mostly secondary gas reservoirs were discovered. ©, 2015, Natural Gas Industry Journal Agency. All right reserved.

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