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Grosskopf B.,University of Gottingen | McGlynn G.,State Collection for Anthropology and Palaeoanatomy Munich
Anthropologischer Anzeiger | Year: 2011

Age estimation based on the counting of incremental lines in dental cementum is a method frequently used for the estimation of the age at death for humans in bioarchaeology, and increasingly, forensic anthropology. Assessment of applicability, precision, and method reproducibility continue to be the focus of research in this area, and are occasionally accompanied by significant controversy. Differences in methodological techniques for data collection (e.g. number of sections, factor of magnification for counting or interpreting "outliers") are presented. Potential influences on method reliability are discussed, especially for their applicability in forensic contexts. © 2011 E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart, Germany. Source

Lohrer J.-Y.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich | Kaltenthaler D.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich | Kroger P.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich | Van Der Meijden C.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich | Obermaier H.,State Collection for Anthropology and Palaeoanatomy Munich
Future Generation Computer Systems | Year: 2016

In this paper, we describe xBook, a generic, open-source e-Science infrastructure for distributed, relational data management that is particularly designed for the needs of archaeological related disciplines. The key feature of xBook is that it can be used as an offline resource at remote sites during excavations and can be synchronized with a central server at any time. While some scientists can record data in xBook in the field where no internet connection is available, colleagues can already work with and analyse the previously synchronized data via the central server at any location in the world. Due to the modular implementation, any relational data schema can be implemented in xBook. This way, xBook provides a flexible data management service that is not tailored to a specific discipline or view but can be customized to any specific need to support e-Science applications. It could potentially be used in any application and offers the synchronization feature to any domain. Incarnations of the xBook framework are used in archaeology, and archaeobiology (anthropology and archaezoology). We will highlight one of them, OssoBook, an e-Science service that implements a data model for animal remains from archaeological sites (mainly bones) and has emerged as one of the European standards for archaeozoology. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. Source

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