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Palo Alto, CA, United States

Hughes J.A.,Stanford University | Fontaine M.J.,Stanford University | Gonzalez C.L.,Stanford University | Gonzalez C.L.,Stanford Blood Center | And 5 more authors.
Transfusion | Year: 2014

BACKGROUND: Documented transfusion-associated hepatitis A (TAHA) is rare, and blood donors in the United States are not routinely screened for this infection. We report a case of TAHA associated with a donation made 8 days after a donor returned from a trip to South America. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This is a review of donor and recipient records and a review of the literature. RESULTS: A donor developed symptoms of hepatitis 20 days after donation (28 days after returning from South America). The donor reported the illness 56 days after donation when contacted to schedule another visit. By this time, the red blood cell and frozen plasma components had been transfused. The recipient of the plasma, a 15-month-old female, tested positive for immunoglobulin M antibody to hepatitis A virus 43 days after transfusion. The recipient had displayed mild, nonspecific symptoms approximately 2 weeks after transfusion. Hospital infection control investigated the potential for further spread within the hospital because the recipient had been an inpatient for most of the posttransfusion period. The risk of transmission to other patients was determined to be negligible because the patient had been in isolation for other reasons. Family members, who included a health care professional, were counseled and offered prophylaxis. CONCLUSION: TAHA may be underrecognized. This case was identified only because of a donor report at the time of recruitment. Asymptomatic donor viremia has been documented in plasma donors. Although TAHA rarely results in severe disease, the risk it creates of secondary transmission especially within the hospital setting is not inconsequential. © 2014 AABB. Source

Galel S.A.,Stanford Blood Center | Galel S.A.,Stanford University | Gaitan J.,Stanford Blood Center | Gaitan J.,Stanford University | And 14 more authors.
Transfusion | Year: 2012

BACKGROUND: The Trima Accel displays a "verify WBCs" message if the plateletpheresis product (PLT) may not be leukoreduced (LR). Most blood banks require sensitive white blood cell (WBC) testing of these PLTs by flow or Nageotte. We evaluated how often these PLTs were non-LR by European or US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) criteria and whether sensitive WBC testing is necessary. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Phase 1 reviewed the frequency of this message with various procedure types and the flow WBC results for PLTs with or without the message. Phase 2 assessed how many FDA LR failures were detectable by a hematology analyzer. In Phase 3, PLTs were managed by hematology analyzer results. RESULTS: In Phase 1, 3.8% of PLT-only and 11.1% of PLT-plasma collections had the "verify WBCs" message. Only 1% of "verify" PLTs contained more than 1 × 10 6 WBCs and only 0.5% were FDA LR failures. In Phase 2, 10 of 670 "verify" PLTs and one nonflagged PLT were FDA LR failures. Six of 11 LR failures had hematology analyzer WBC concentrations of 0.4 × 10 9/L or higher. In Phase 3, "verify" PLTs were allowed in inventory if hematology analyzer WBC concentration was below 0.4 × 10 9/L; inventory quality control showed no FDA LR failures by flow. Trima Version 6.0 software lowered the "verify" message frequency in PLT-plasma procedures but not in PLT-only procedures. CONCLUSION: Four percent of Trima PLT collections have the "verify WBCs" message but almost all of these are LR by European and FDA criteria. Fifty percent of FDA LR failures were detectable by a hematology analyzer. Sensitive WBC testing of all "verify WBCs" PLTs may not be necessary to satisfy LR quality assurance requirements. © 2011 American Association of Blood Banks. Source

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