Standards Norway

Oslo, Norway

Standards Norway

Oslo, Norway
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Bispo A.,French Environment and Energy Management Agency | Andersen L.,Cowi A/S | Angers D.A.,Agriculture and Agri Food Canada | Bernoux M.,IRD Montpellier | And 13 more authors.
Frontiers in Environmental Science | Year: 2017

Soil is a key compartment for climate regulation as a source of greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions and as a sink of carbon. Thus, soil carbon sequestration strategies should be considered alongside reduction strategies for other greenhouse gas emissions. Taking this into account, several international and European policies on climate change are now acknowledging the importance of soils, which means that proper, comparable and reliable information is needed to report on carbon stocks and GHGs emissions from soil. It also implies a need for consensus on the adoption and verification of mitigation options that soil can provide. Where consensus is a key aspect, formal standards and guidelines come into play. This paper describes the existing ISO soil quality standards that can be used in this context, and calls for new ones to be developed through (international) collaboration. Available standards cover the relevant basic soil parameters including carbon and nitrogen content but do not yet consider the dynamics of those elements. Such methods have to be developed together with guidelines consistent with the scale to be investigated and the specific use of the collected data. We argue that this standardization strategy will improve the reliability of the reporting procedures and results of the different climate models that rely on soil quality data. © 2017 Bispo, Andersen, Angers, Bernoux, Brossard, Cécillon, Comans, Harmsen, Jonassen, Lamé, Lhuillery, Maly, Martin, Mcelnea, Sakai, Watabe and Eglin.


Turunen-Rindel I.,Standards Norway | Laukli E.,University of Tromsø
Proceedings of Forum Acusticum | Year: 2014

In 2012, a revised version of the sound quality classification standard, NS 8175, was issued. Universal design for accessibility to all in public and work buildings was the main purpose of this revision. Both vision and hearing impaired persons may have great difficulties in work buildings and public areas. A socio-acoustic survey made in connection with the revision showed that in particular the hearing impaired may have great difficulties in a number of areas, production areas and restaurants being most problematic concerning speech communication. It is well-known that background noise level and reverberation time are important factors for the recognition of speech. Normal hearing adults may start to have problems when the A-weighted noise level reaches 45 dB. A reverberation time exceeding around 0.5 s may influence the speech recognition. Hearing impaired subjects with hearing aids will have far greater problems with noise and reverberation. Considering the younger subjects, even normal hearing children have reduced speech recognition as compared to the adults. Hearing impaired children with hearing aids have been shown to have dramatically reduced communication performance under poor acoustic conditions. This is of particular importance in kindergartens and for teaching conditions in schools.Therefore, the revised NS 8175 has introduced new maximum values for both noise levels and reverberation times in public spaces.


Turunen-Rindel I.,Standards Norway | Knudtzon L.,Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional Research NIBR | Laukli E.,University of Tromsø
Proceedings of Forum Acusticum | Year: 2011

Universal design or accessibility to all is in great focus in Norway and other European countries. The population structure is changing. People live longer and the number of elderly people is gradually increasing in the population. These changes cause a great political interest for people managing their lives on their own as long time as possible. The Norwegian technical regulations for buildings require accessibility to all. The main focus in technical regulations and laws in Norway is on public and work buildings. In order to follow up the needs for aging people and all kinds of hearing and visually impaired people, a revision of the sound classification of buildings in NS 8175 is therefore necessary. The suitability of the present limit values and types of criteria suitable for hearing and visually impaired people are considered for open plan teaching environments and open plan offices, cultural buildings, museums, lobbies, assembly halls, shopping malls, restaurants, etc. A socio-acoustic survey has been conducted among hearing and visually impaired people concerning their experiences of acoustic conditions at these different types of buildings, spaces and rooms. The results of the survey and types of problems in various spaces are presented. The findings are used for evaluation of acoustic criteria that are relevant for implementation in the building regulations and in sound quality classification.


Leivestad S.,Standards Norway | Mehus J.,Standards Norway
Structural Engineering International: Journal of the International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering (IABSE) | Year: 2012

This paper addresses the importance of achieving quality in new structures by first promoting implementation of adequate quality systems in design and execution standards, most prominently of them EN 1990 Basis of structural design. Secondly, by motivating the stakeholders in the industry to appreciate the added value that adequate quality procedures will provide and see this as a normal and natural part of their work. Naturally such procedures will also have a similar role in the increasing volume of assessment and retrofitting of existing structures.


Brynn R.,Standards Norway
Studies in Health Technology and Informatics | Year: 2016

The paper presents the background for the increased interest for and use of welfare technology. It discusses current definitions of welfare technology and suggests a typology of this technology based on the different definitions. It compares the definitions with that of assistive technology and endeavors to draw a clearer limit between them, in particular related to possibilities to utilize the principle of universal design on welfare technology. The issue of operationalization requirements of universal design to welfare technology through standardization is also discussed. Finally, the paper suggests what elements should be part of a new definition of welfare technology. © 2016 The authors and IOS Press.


Brynn R.,Standards Norway
Assistive Technology Research Series | Year: 2014

The background for this presentation is the adaptation of a new national standard for user participation in ICT in Norway in December 2013. The standard provides requirements for including user participation as a part of the different stages of the development process of ICT services and products. The article sets the content of the standard into a larger context of user participation theories, presents the role of standardisation as a tool for the objective of universal design both on national and European level, and presents some ideas about the practical use of a standard for user participation in the development processes in the field of ICT products and services, but also in other fields where inclusion of users' interests and viewpoints is relevant. © 2014 The authors and IOS Press.


Turunen-Rindel I.,Standards Norway | Brynn R.,Standards Norway
Assistive Technology Research Series | Year: 2014

Norwegian acoustic criteria for universal design were finalized in 2012 [1]. The work focused on room acoustics and noise conditions suitable for all in public and work buildings. A socio-acoustic survey was conducted among hearing and vision impaired [2]. Their experiences of acoustics in spaces and rooms were applied as a basis for where to focus. The selected criteria are considered more satisfactory for all. Norwegian acoustic classification, given in NS 8175 [1], concerns dwellings, hospitals, schools, kindergartens, offices, work premises etc. Updates were made for these buildings, in specific for open plan teaching environments and open plan offices. Buildings that did not have specified acoustic limits, e.g. museums, lobbies, assembly halls, etc., were evaluated for room acoustics and noise levels. Acoustic quality was defined by measures for reverberation time related to room height, acoustic absorption, noise, speech intelligibility etc. Also, sound amplification systems and devices for assisted listening were applied. NS 8175 contains noise and sound insulation criteria for indoor conditions, outdoor noise nearby buildings and in surrounding outdoor areas. In order to follow up the needs for aging population, children, hearing and vision impaired and others, the relevant criteria were adopted in NS 8175. © 2014 The authors and IOS Press.


Klaeboe R.,Norwegian Institute of Transport Economics | Amundsen A.H.,Norwegian Institute of Transport Economics | Madshus C.,Norwegian Geotechnical Institute | Noren-Cosgriff K.M.,Norwegian Geotechnical Institute | Turunen-Rindel I.,Standards Norway
Applied Acoustics | Year: 2016

Rock blasting may cause disturbances, fear, and annoyance in residential and community areas affected by such activities. These community reactions can be quite strong, even when the blasting activities and the resulting vibrations are unlikely to cause physical damage to building foundations or buildings. A socio-vibrational survey was undertaken to assess residential reactions to blasting activities. Vibration velocities were obtained for 520 respondent dwellings located in seven study areas, and compared to the residents' assessments of environment quality. Even at low vibration values, many people report annoyance. Exposure-effect relationships with acceptable statistical error bands were obtained. The level of annoyance from long-term blasting activities (quarry blasting) was not higher than from finite periods of more intense blasting activities (road and rail tunnels). Providing information in advance of the blasting activities, can reduce community reactions. Self-reported sensitivity to vibrations was associated with significantly increased annoyance. Sensitivity to vibrations was uncorrelated with exposure to vibrations. Sensitivity to noise and sensitivity to vibration were moderately correlated. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Turunen-Rindel I.,Standards Norway
42nd International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering 2013, INTER-NOISE 2013: Noise Control for Quality of Life | Year: 2013

The first Norwegian Standard on acoustic classification, NS 8175, was published 1997 with four quality classes. Classes for dwellings were harmonized with those of other Nordic countries; class C was related to building codes. The standard concerns dwellings, hospitals, schools, kindergartens, work premises etc. Indoor noise and sound insulation criteria and outdoor noise limits nearby buildings were specified. After some years of experience, criteria were revised and new editions were published 2005 and 2008. In 2012 additional criteria for universal design were finalized for public and work buildings. In order to follow up needs for aging population, children, hearing and visually disabled and others, new criteria were adopted. A socio- Acoustic survey was conducted among hearing and visually disabled. Their experiences of acoustics in spaces were applied as basis for selected criteria on room acoustics and noise levels. Acoustic quality for universal design is defined by measures for reverberation time vs. room height, acoustic absorption, noise level, speech intelligibility etc. Also, sound amplifying systems and devices for assisted listening are applied. Latest classification concerns acoustics in museums, lobbies, assembly halls, restaurants, transport terminals, commercial buildings etc. As the standard is closely connected to building codes, changes are harmonized with the codes.

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