Jagannath S.,St Vincents Comprehensive Cancer Center
JNCCN Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network | Year: 2010
Hematologists, oncologists, and other physicians can expect to encounter an increasing number of patients with multiple myeloma. Historically, multiple myeloma has been a difficult and frustrating disease, but since the reintroduction of thalidomide and the development of lenalidomide and bortezomib, outcomes have improved considerably. This supplement is part of a 3-supplement series planned at a roundtable discussion held in 2009, and this introduction discusses the articles in this supplement as well as those in earlier and later planned publications not included in JNCCN. © Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. Source
Berger A.C.,Thomas Jefferson University |
Winter K.,Statistical Center |
Hoffman J.P.,Fox Chase Cancer Center |
Regine W.F.,University of Maryland, Baltimore |
And 6 more authors.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics | Year: 2012
Purpose: Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) trial 9704 was the largest randomized trial to use adjuvant chemoradiation therapy for patients with pancreatic cancer. This report analyzes 5-year survival by serum level of tumor marker CA 19-9 of ≤90 vs >90 U/mL and compares results to the those of the CONKO-001 trial. Methods and Materials: CA 19-9 expression was analyzed as a dichotomized variable (≤90 vs >90 U/mL). Cox proportional hazard models were used to identify the impact of the CA 19-9 value on overall survival (OS). Actuarial estimates of OS were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Both univariate (hazard ratio [HR] = 3.2; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.3-4.3, P<.0001) and multivariate (HR = 3.1; 95% CI, 2.2-4.2, P<.0001) analyses demonstrated a statistically significant decrease in OS for CA 19-9 serum level of ≥90 U/mL. For patients in the gemcitabine (Gem) treatment arm with CA 19-9 <90 U/mL, median survival was 21 months. For patients with CA 19-9 ≥90 U/mL, this number dropped to 10 months. In patients with pancreatic head tumors in the Gem treatment arm with RT quality assurance per protocol and CA 19-9 of <90 U/mL, median survival and 5-year rate were 24 months and 34%. In comparison, the median survival and 5-year OS rate for patients in the Gem arm of the CONKO trial were 22 months and 21%. Conclusions: This analysis demonstrates that patients with postresection CA 19-9 values ≥90 U/mL had a significantly worse survival. Patients with pancreatic head tumors treated with Gem with CA 19-9 serum level of <90 U/mL and per protocol RT had favorable survival compared to that seen in the CONKO trial. CA 19-9 is a stratification factor for the current RTOG adjuvant pancreas trial (0848). © 2012 Elsevier Inc. Source
Bensinger W.,Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center |
Maziarz R.T.,Oregon Health And Science University |
Jagannath S.,St Vincents Comprehensive Cancer Center |
Jagannath S.,Mount Sinai School of Medicine |
And 8 more authors.
British Journal of Haematology | Year: 2012
In this open-label, multicentre, phase 1 study a fully human anti-CD40 antagonist monoclonal antibody, lucatumumab, was evaluated in patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (MM). The primary objective was to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) based on dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs). Secondary objectives included safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and antimyeloma activity. Twenty-eight patients, enrolled using a standard '3 + 3' dose escalation, received one or two (n = 3) cycles of lucatumumab 1·0, 3·0, 4·5 or 6·0 mg/kg once weekly for 4 weeks. Common lucatumumab-related adverse events were reversible, mild-to-moderate infusion reactions. Severe adverse events were anaemia, chills, hypercalcaemia and pyrexia (7% each). DLTs included grade 4 thrombocytopenia, grade 3 increased alanine aminotransferase and grade 4 increased lipase (n = 1 each). The MTD was 4·5 mg/kg. At doses ≥3·0 mg/kg, sustained receptor occupancy (≥87%), observed throughout weekly infusions up to 5 weeks after the last infusion, correlated with an estimated half-life of 4-19 d. Twelve patients (43%) had stable disease, and one patient (4%) maintained a partial response for ≥8 months. These findings indicate that single-agent lucatumumab was well tolerated up to 4·5 mg/kg with modest clinical activity in relapsed/refractory MM, warranting further study as a combination therapy. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source
Richardson P.G.,Dana-Farber Cancer Institute |
Badros A.Z.,University of Maryland, Baltimore |
Jagannath S.,St Vincents Comprehensive Cancer Center |
Wolf J.L.,University of California at San Francisco |
And 4 more authors.
British Journal of Haematology | Year: 2010
Tanespimycin (17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin, 17-AAG) disrupts heat shock protein 90 (HSP90), a key molecular chaperone for signal transduction proteins critical to myeloma growth, survival and drug resistance. In previous studies, tanespimycin monotherapy was well tolerated and active in heavily pretreated patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (MM). Preclinical data have shown antitumour synergy between tanespimycin and bortezomib, with more pronounced intracellular accumulation of ubiquitinated proteins than either drug alone, an effect attributed to the synergistic suppression of chymotryptic activity in the 20S proteasome. HSP70 induction has been observed in all Phase 1 tanespimycin studies in which it has been measured, with several separate reports of HSP70 overexpression protecting against peripheral nerve injury. In this Phase 2, open-label multicentre study, we compared 1·3 mg/m 2 bortezomib + three doses of tanespimycin: 50, 175 and 340 mg/m 2 in heavily pretreated patients with relapsed and refractory MM and measured HSP70 expression and proteasome activity levels in plasma of treated patients. The study was closed prematurely for resource-based reasons, precluding dose comparison. Nonetheless, antitumour activity was observed, with promising response rates and promising severity of peripheral neuropathy. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source
Weber D.M.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center |
Graef T.,Sharp Corporation |
Hussein M.,Moffitt Cancer Center |
Sobecks R.M.,Cleveland Clinic |
And 5 more authors.
Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia | Year: 2012
Background: Development of targeted therapies for MM has improved response rates and increased patient survival, but ultimately the disease becomes refractory and progresses. Vorinostat combined with bortezomib has demonstrated synergistic antiproliferative and proapoptotic activity in preclinical models of MM. The objectives of this study were to determine the maximum tolerated dose for vorinostat with bortezomib in patients with advanced MM and to evaluate the clinical benefit of this new drug combination. Patients and Methods: Patients < 18 years old with relapsed and/or refractory MM were enrolled into escalating dose cohorts of vorinostat and bortezomib combination therapy. Thirty-four patients were enrolled and were evaluable for safety and efficacy analyses. Results: All patients reported adverse events, 89% of which were mild to moderate in severity. Thirteen patients experienced 29 serious adverse events, 12 (41%) of which were considered drug-related. The maximum tolerated dose was not reached. Partial responses were observed in 9 (27%) patients. Minimal responses were observed in 2 additional patients (6%), and another 20 patients (59%) experienced disease stabilization. Conclusion: Vorinostat with bortezomib is generally well-tolerated and has clinical activity in patients with relapsed and/or refractory MM. Response rates were similar in patients previously exposed to bortezomib and patients who were naive to bortezomib therapy. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. Source