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Green Bay, WI, United States

Fenske T.S.,Medical College of Wisconsin | Shah N.M.,Medical College of Wisconsin | Kim K.M.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | Saha S.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | And 11 more authors.

BACKGROUND Proteasome inhibitors and mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors each have activity in various B-cell malignancies and affect distinct cellular pathways. Their combination has demonstrated synergy in vitro and in mouse models. METHODS The authors conducted a single-arm, phase 2 trial of combined temsirolimus and bortezomib in patients with relapsed and refractory B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) using a dosing scheme that was previously tested in multiple myeloma. The patients received bortezomib and temsirolimus weekly on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of a 35-day cycle. RESULTS Of 39 patients who received treatment, 3 achieved a complete response (7.7%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.6%-21%), and 9 had a partial response (PR) (23%; 95% CI, 11%-39%). Thus, the overall response rate (12 of 39 patients) was 31% (95% CI, 17%-48%), and the median progression-free survival was 4.7 months (95% CI, 2.1-7.8 months; 2 months for patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma [n = 18], 7.5 months for those with mantle cell lymphoma [n = 7], and 16.5 months for those with follicular lymphoma [n = 9]). Two extensively treated patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma achieved a complete response. There were no unexpected toxicities from the combination. CONCLUSIONS The current results demonstrate that the combination of a mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor and a proteasome inhibitor is safe and has activity in patients with heavily pretreated B-cell NHL. Further studies with this combination are warranted in specific subtypes of NHL. © 2015 American Cancer Society. Source

Wisinski K.B.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | Xu W.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | Tevaarwerk A.J.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | Saha S.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | And 8 more authors.
Clinical Breast Cancer

Background: Estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) is expressed by 50% to 80% of triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC). Agonism of ERβ has antiproliferative effects in TNBC cells expressing ERβ. This phase 2 study evaluated single-agent high-dose estradiol in patients with advanced TNBC. Patients and Methods: Adult women with measurable advanced TNBC were treated with estradiol 10 mg oral 3 times daily provided continuously for 28-day cycles. A Simon optimal 2-stage design was used. The primary end point was objective response (OR). Secondary end points included progression-free survival (PFS), clinical benefit (CB), and safety. OR, CB, and PFS by ERβ status were also examined. Results: Seventeen evaluable women were enrolled. Median age was 58 years (range, 34-90 years); the median number of prior systemic therapies was 2 (range, 0-6). One patient had a confirmed partial response (OR rate, 5.9%) and remained on the study for > 24 weeks. Three patients had stable disease, with one lasting more than 16 weeks. ERβ expression was detected in 77% (13 patients). The CB rate at 16 weeks was 15% (2 of 13) in ERβ-positive patients and 0% (0 of 4) in ERβ-negative patients (P = 1). PFS was poor (median, 1.9 months) and not statistically significantly different between ERβ-positive versus -negative patients. No new adverse events from estradiol were identified. The study closed after the first stage as a result of limited responses in these unselected patients. Conclusion: In unselected TNBC, high-dose estradiol has limited efficacy. However, further evaluation of ERβ selective agonists in TNBC selected by ERβ expression may be warranted. © 2016 Elsevier Inc. Source

Leenstra J.L.,St Vincent Regional Cancer Center | Miller R.C.,Mayo Medical School | Qin R.,Mayo Medical School | Martenson J.A.,Mayo Medical School | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Oncology

Purpose: Painful oral mucositis (OM) is a significant toxicity during radiotherapy for head and neck cancers. The aim of this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was to test the efficacy of doxepin hydrochloride in the reduction of radiotherapy-induced OM pain. Patients and Methods: In all, 155 patients were randomly allocated to a doxepin oral rinse or a placebo for the treatment of radiotherapy-related OM pain. Patients received a single dose of doxepin or placebo on day 1 and then crossed over to receive the opposite agent on a subsequent day. Pain questionnaires were administered at baseline and at 5, 15, 30, 60, 120, and 240 minutes. Patients were then given the option to continue doxepin. The primary end point was pain reduction as measured by the area under the curve (AUC) of the pain scale using data from day 1. Results: Primary end point analysis revealed that the AUC for mouth and throat pain reduction was greater for doxepin (-9.1) than for placebo (-4.7; P < .001). Crossover analysis of patients completing both phases confirmed that patients experienced greater mouth and throat pain reduction with doxepin (intrapatient changes of 4.1 for doxepin-placebo arm and -2.8 for placebo-doxepin arm; P < .001). Doxepin was associated with more stinging or burning, unpleasant taste, and greater drowsiness than the placebo rinse. More patients receiving doxepin expressed a desire to continue treatment than did patients with placebo after completion of each of the randomized phases of the study. Conclusion: A doxepin rinse diminishes OM pain. Further studies are warranted to determine its role in the management of OM. © 2014 by American Society of Clinical Oncology. Source

Loprinzi C.L.,Mayo Medical School | Loprinzi C.L.,Illinois Oncology Research Association Community Clinical Oncology Program CCOP | Loprinzi C.L.,St Vincent Regional Cancer Center | Reeves B.N.,Mayo Medical School | And 32 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Oncology

The characteristics and natural history of the paclitaxel-acute pain syndrome (P-APS) and paclitaxel's more chronic neuropathy have not been well delineated. Methods: Patients receiving weekly paclitaxel (70 to 90 mg/m2) completed daily questionnaires and weekly European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy (CIPN) -20 instruments during the entire course of therapy. Results: P-APS symptoms peaked 3 days after chemotherapy. Twenty percent of patients had pain scores of 5 to 10 of 10 with the first dose of paclitaxel. Sensory neuropathy symptoms were more prominent than were motor or autonomic neuropathy symptoms. Of the sensory neuropathy symptoms, numbness and tingling were more prominent than was shooting or burning pain. Patients with higher P-APS pain scores with the first dose of paclitaxel appeared to have more chronic neuropathy. Conclusion: These data support that the P-APS is related to nerve pathology as opposed to being arthralgias and/or myalgias. Numbness and tingling are more prominent chronic neuropathic symptoms than is shooting or burning pain. © 2011 by American Society of Clinical Oncology. Source

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