Machum S.,St. Thomas University of Canada
Cahiers Agricultures | Year: 2015
This article reviews the policy directives of national and provincial Departments of Agriculture in Canada and their uptake in practice on family farms in New Brunswick. Using Statistics Canada data, it explores the extent to which farmers' practices have mirrored the agricultural policy directives. It finds that agricultural policy favored industrial farm operations and processing companies and spurred concentration by creating ever larger farms. By documenting how policy discourses shift in tandem with farm practices, the article illustrates how agricultural policy development is a key driver in the structural transformation of agriculture. But this case study also shows that despite their exclusion from policy initiatives, small farms have stubbornly remained part of the New Brunswick's rural landscape.
Baldwin C.,St. Thomas University of Canada
Journal of Aging Studies | Year: 2015
Narrative permeates health care-from patients' stories taken as medical histories to the development of health policy. The narrative approach to health care has involved the move from narratives in health care as objects of study to the lens through which health care is studied and, more recently, to narrative as a form of care. In this paper, I argue that narrative care requires a move in the field of ethics-from a position where narratives are used to inform ethical decision making to one in which narrative is the form and process of ethical decision making. In other words, I argue for a narrative ethics for narrative care. The argument is relatively straightforward. If, as I argue, humans are narrative beings who make sense of themselves, others, and the world in and through narrative, we need to see our actions as both narratively based and narratively contextual and thus understanding the nature, form, and content of the narratives of which we are a part, and the process of narrativity, provides an intersubjective basis for ethical action. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.
Cooke C.A.,University of Alberta |
Hobbs W.O.,University of Nebraska - Lincoln |
Neal M.,Queens University |
Wolfe A.P.,St. Thomas University of Canada
Environmental Science and Technology | Year: 2010
Lake sediments are frequently used to reconstruct the rate and magnitude of human impacts on the biogeochemical cycle of mercury (Hg). The vast majority of these studies rely on excess 210Pb inventories in short cores to temporally constrain recent trends in Hg deposition, revealing an approximately 3-fold increase in Hg deposition since preindustrial times. However, the exhaustion of unsupported 210Pb and the onset of widespread global Hg pollution converge temporally in the late 19th century, raising the possibility that preindustrial Hg fluxes are poorly constrained. Here, we combine 210Pb and accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) 14C dated lake sediment records from arctic and Andean lakes to assess the reliability of 210Pb-derived chronologies in the estimation of preindustrial Hg fluxes. For all four studied lakes, relying on 210Pb chronologies results in an overestimate of preindustrial Hg fluxes, because extrapolated basal 210Pb sedimentation rates are systematically overestimated in comparison to accumulation models that include 14C dates. In the Andes, the use of 14C dates is critical toward assessing the full history of Hg pollution, which extends beyond the industrial era. In the Arctic, 14C dating suggests that Hg deposition may have increased >10-fold since the Industrial Revolution, rather than the commonly quoted 3-fold increase.The incorporation of 14C dates maytherefore be necessary if accurate Hg flux histories are sought from oligotrophic lake sediments. © 2010 American Chemical Society.
Randall W.L.,St. Thomas University of Canada
Gerontologist | Year: 2013
This essay applies a narrative perspective to the topic of resilience. On various fronts (physical, social, biographical), aging itself, it argues, pushes us past a perception of aging as intrinsically tragic and toward a more ironic stance instead, one marked by increased acceptance of uncertainty and ambiguity. Moreover, intentional engagement in narrative reflection-by means of integrative reminiscence, life review, and the like-fosters such a stance directly by facilitating narrative openness and, with it, "a good strong story" for coping with the challenges of later life. © 2012 The Author.
Nicholson I.,St. Thomas University of Canada
ISIS | Year: 2011
Stanley Milgram's study of "obedience to authority" is one of the best-known psychological experiments of the twentieth century. This essay examines the study's special charisma through a detailed consideration of the intellectual, cultural, and gender contexts of Cold War America. It suggests that Milgram presented not a "timeless" experiment on "human nature" but, rather, a historically contingent, scientifically sanctioned "performance" of American masculinity at a time of heightened male anxiety. The essay argues that this gendered context invested the obedience experiments with an extraordinary plausibility, immediacy, and relevance. Immersed in a discourse of masculinity besieged, many Americans read the obedience experiments not as a fanciful study of laboratory brutality but as confirmation of their worst fears. Milgram's extraordinary success thus lay not in his "discovery" of the fragility of individual conscience but in his theatrical flair for staging culturally relevant masculine performances. © 2011 by The History of Science Society.