Behera D.,St Theresa International College |
Sivakami M.,Tata Institute of Social Sciences |
Behera M.R.,Mahidol University
Journal of Health Management | Year: 2015
Background: Menarche and menstrual experiences play a critical role in adolescent girls’ life. These not only significantly influence their sexual and reproductive health but also possess much social and educational impact. This study qualitatively explores the perceptions, practices and experiences related to menarche and menstruation among rural Indian adolescent girls which has been less studied in the past literature. Methods: A convenience sampling method was used to select 32 adolescent girls (eight girls who did not reach menarche and 24 girls who attained menarche) from rural Maharashtra in India. Information about the perceptions, practices and experiences of menarche and menstruation among the participants was obtained through focus group discussions and was analyzed using thematic analysis. Findings: Most of the participants, especially girls without menarche lacked adequate knowledge about menstruation and its processes. All communications regarding menstruation were between friends, whereas mothers were found to be playing a limited role. Some of the girls were using sanitary pads, while most girls still use old cloths. Financial concerns and difficulty in obtaining sanitary pads were major obstructions for their use. Lack of awareness and appropriate care for menstrual morbidities were reported among these girls, which put impact on their educational attainment. Conclusions: Suitable strategy needs to be developed for providing correct knowledge about menstruation among adolescent girls, such as inclusion of adolescent friendly services in school curriculum and training of mothers and teachers to provide friendly counselling to the girls. Further, menstrual pad vending machines could be installed in schools and colleges, for easy access of sanitary pads at subsidized rate. Special care and support during menstruation can prevent several adverse events from occurring in adolescent girls’ lives. © 2015, 2015 Indian Institute of Health Management Research.
Behera M.R.,St Theresa International College
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2016
Background: Thailand currently faces significant rise of aging population which has become an important public health issues. The objective of the study was to assess the background profile, pattern of disease and overall health related quality of life (HRQOL) of elderly population residing in Bungsan sub-district of Nakhon Nayok province in rural Thailand. Methods: Data were collected from 148 elderly population (male=67, female =81) aged over 60 years of old. SF 36 was used for the data collection by the trained interviewers. The dependent variable of this study was health related quality of life (HRQOL) which was measured using two sub-components of SF 36 – one is Physical Component Summary (PCS) and another is Mental Component Summary (MCS). Results: Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that the older persons suffering from chronic diseases are more prone to low quality of life in health both in PCS and MCS [OR: 7.92, CI: (4.89-15.88) and OR: 1.94, CI (1.24-3.11) respectively]. Further, the individual aged more than 75 years puts high risk of decreasing HRQOL in both PCS and MCS ([OR: 2.71, CI: (1.90-3.83) and OR: 1.74, CI: (1.23-2.08) respectively] than 60-75 years of old persons. Additionally, the women and illiterate possessed an increase in low PCS than that of men and literates [OR: 1.29, CI: (1.02-1.85) and OR: 1.72, CI: (1.20-2.35) respectively]. Conclusion: The study findings suggest that the older person gets more decrease in HRQOL with increase in age. Also, some other factors such as gender, illiteracy and chronic diseases have an important role towards decrease in HRQOL among more aged population. © 2016, Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. All rights reserved.
Sharafuddin M.A.,St Theresa International College
e-Review of Tourism Research | Year: 2015
Tourism is one of the largest industries in Thailand. The World Travel and Tourism Council (2014) calculated that tourism generated THB 2,401.1 bn in 2013 (20.2% of GDP) and is expected to grow by 0.1% to THB2,404.4bn (19.6% of GDP) in 2014. By 2024, Travel & Tourism is forecast to support 8,739,000 jobs (20.5% of total employment), an increase of 4.4% pa over the period. This gives Thailand rank eight among the countries with the highest growth rate for overall employment in both direct and overall contribution. Against this backdrop, this commentary discusses the different types of tourism emerging in Thailand.
Ali Sharafuddin M.,St Theresa International College
International Journal of Applied Engineering Research | Year: 2015
This paper explores the relationship between the tourists’ motivation towards selecting ecotourism destinations as their travel choice, their level of satisfaction when they participate in ecotourism activities, their overall satisfaction towards the destination and loyalty intention while they are on an eco tour in the Nakhon Nayok Province of Thailand. Onsite survey was conducted by adopting convenience sampling method directly with the tourists visiting Nakhon Nayok Province. The sample size of the study is 243. It is vital to understand the tourist‟s motivation, experience, behavior and loyalty intention as they undertake various activities at the ecotourism destinations. Descriptive statistics and inferential statistics were computed to describe the demographic profile, to identify the prime factors of motivation and satisfaction, to measure the relationship between motivation and satisfaction, and to analyze the impact of satisfaction on loyalty intention. The results show that Nature appreciation, recreation and relaxation, and environmental protection where the prime attributes of motivation. It further presents the importance of these attributes in their experience towards the activities they engage in the ecotourism destination. Of all the available ecotourism activities in the destination, Visiting waterfalls, white water rafting and visiting reservoirs or dam were identified as the prime factors with very high mean of satisfaction level. The factor analysis, correlation and regression analysis results provide sufficient evidence to accept the relationship that arises between ecotourism activities, destination satisfaction and loyalty intention. © Research India Publications.
Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy M.,St Theresa International College |
Sasikala P.,St Theresa International College
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences | Year: 2016
Plants are the most convenient and richest source of lectins due to their ease in isolation and availability. The present study was aimed to characterize the plant lectin isolated from the Artocarpus sps. After extraction of lectin from the jackfruit was subjected to SDS-PAGE which shows diverse biological active properties and also possible to examine their biological activity levels to elute and separate the bands of subunits of lectin from gel. In present study, it was found that all most all subunits are active and retains their natural biological activity of lectin. The present study revealed that smaller subunits of lectins has more agglutinating activity, it may be due to the more concentrated amount of the lectins subunits as the whole lectin. Native PAGE for the dialysed sample of Artocarpus sp. with different concentrations (25μl, 35μl, 45μl and 55μl) was shown that Purified lectin sample of Artocarpus sp. corresponds to 72 kDa with standard protein marker. According to the results of the present study lectin units are trimeric and have similar in lectin activity.