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Saso S.,Imperial College London | Ghaem-Maghami S.,Imperial College London | Chatterjee J.,Imperial College London | Naji O.,Imperial College London | And 7 more authors.
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Objective Traditionally, the surgical management of invasive cervical carcinoma that has progressed beyond microinvasion has been a radical abdominal hysterectomy. However, this results in the loss of fertility, with significant consequences for the young patient. This report describes abdominal radical trachelectomy (ART) as a potential replacement for radical hysterectomy in patients with stage IA2-IIA cervical cancer who desire a fertility-sparing procedure without decreasing the curative rates. Design Observational, retrospective study. Setting Teaching hospital and regional cancer centre in London, UK. Population Patients undergoing ART. Methods Patients presenting during the period 2000-2009 with cervical cancer stage IA2-IIA were offered a trachelectomy, if they expressed a desire to preserve fertility. The type of trachelectomy (vaginal/abdominal) was chosen based on patient anatomy and neoplastic and magnetic resonance imaging characteristics. Each patient was counselled as to the experimental nature of the procedure. Main outcome measures Survival, recurrence and fertility issues among ART patients. Results A total of 30 patients underwent ART (open and laparoscopic) between 2001 and 2009. Three patients presented with a recurrence, two of which have died (median follow-up: 24 months). Only three patients required further surgical re-intervention because of operative complications. Ten patients attempted to conceive, resulting in three conceptions (30%) and two live children. Conclusions Abdominal radical trachelectomy provides a feasible, cost-effective and safe treatment option for young women who have been diagnosed with early-stage cervical cancer and wish to preserve their fertility. © 2012 RCOG. Source

Saso S.,Institute of Reproductive and Developmental Biology | Ghaem-Maghami S.,West London Gynaecological Cancer Center | Chatterjee J.,Institute of Reproductive and Developmental Biology | Brewig N.,Institute of Reproductive and Developmental Biology | And 3 more authors.
Reproductive Sciences

The idea of using organ transplantation to solve quality-of-life issues was first introduced a century ago, with cornea transplants and thrusted before the world again in 1998, following a controversial hand transplant. Uterus transplantation (UTn) has been proposed as another quality-of-life transplant for the cure of permanent uterine factor infertility. In order to proceed in humans, a greater appreciation of the immunological mechanisms that underlie UTn is desirable. Allogeneic UTn (animal model) was first described by 2 studies in 1969. The first and only human UTn, performed in 2000, was an early attempt with limited use of animal model experiments prior to moving onto the human setting. Since then, work using rat, mouse, ovine, goat, and nonhuman primate models has demonstrated that the uterus is a very different but manageable organ immunologically compared to other transplanted organs. Therefore, specifically exploring immunological issues relating to UTn is a valuable and necessary part of the inevitable scientific process leading to successful human UTn. © The Author(s) 2012. Source

Buxmann H.,Goethe University Frankfurt | Kamin W.,Protestant Hospital for Children and Adolescents | Krivan G.,St. Stephen Hospital | Siklos P.,St. Stephen Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Perinatal Medicine

Objective: The objective of the study was to assess the efficacy and safety of subcutaneously (SC) and intramuscularly (IM) administered BT088 (Fovepta) human hepatitis B immunoglobulin in neonates of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBs/HBsAg)-positive mothers in the prevention of hepatitis B infection. Methods: This was an open, prospective, multicenter trial, in which infants were randomized to receive a single SC or IM dose of BT088 (200 IU, 0.4 mL) within 12 h of birth simultaneously with active vaccination against hepatitis B. The primary efficacy variable was the response rate, defined as the proportion of infants whose anti-HBs concentration was negative at predose and ≥100 IU/L 48 to 72 h postdose. Results: The full analysis set included 31 neonates (17 SC and 14 IM). Response was experienced by 30 (96.8%) of 31 infants who received BT088 by either route of administration. The median postdose anti-HBs concentration was 261.2 IU/L. One neonate had a postdose anti-HBs level lower than 100 IU/L (81.0 IU/L). No infant experienced seroconversion during the 7- to 15-month follow-up. BT088 was well tolerated, with no allergic-like, or injection-site reactions observed. Conclusion: SC and IM administration of 200 IU (0.4 mL) BT088 resulted in protective serum anti-HBs titers within 72 h of administration in newborn infants and was well tolerated and effective. Copyright © by Walter de Gruyter · Berlin · Boston. Source

Manchanda S.,St. Stephen Hospital | Saikia B.,St. Stephen Hospital | Gupta N.,St. Stephen Hospital | Chowdhary S.,St. Stephen Hospital | Puliyel J.M.,St. Stephen Hospital

Objective: Sex-ratio at birth in families with previous girls is worse than those with a boy. Our aim was to prospectively study in a large maternal and child unit sex-ratio against previous birth sex and use of traditional medicines for sex selection. Main Outcome Measures: Sex-ratio among mothers in families with a previous girl and in those with a previous boy, prevalence of indigenous medicine use and sex-ratio in those using medicines for sex selection. Results: Overall there were 806 girls to 1000 boys. The sex-ratio was 720:1000 if there was one previous girl and 178:1000 if there were two previous girls. In second children of families with a previous boy 1017 girls were born per 1000 boys. Sex-ratio in those with one previous girl, who were taking traditional medicines for sex selection, was 928:1000. Conclusion: Evidence from the second children clearly shows the sex-ratio is being manipulated by human interventions. More mothers with previous girls tend to use traditional medicines for sex selection, in their subsequent pregnancies. Those taking such medication do not seem to be helped according to expectations. They seem to rely on this method and so are less likely use more definitive methods like sex selective abortions. This is the first such prospective investigation of sex ratio in second children looked at against the sex of previous children. More studies are needed to confirm the findings. © 2011 Manchanda et al. Source

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