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Reddy K.R.,University of Pennsylvania | Zeuzem S.,Goethe University Frankfurt | Zoulim F.,University of Lyon | Weiland O.,Karolinska University Hospital | And 13 more authors.
The Lancet Infectious Diseases | Year: 2015

Background: We did a phase 3 study in previous non-responders with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 infection and compensated liver disease that related to the standard of care for these patients at the time this study was initiated. We investigated whether simeprevir is non-inferior in terms of efficacy to telaprevir, each in combination with peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin. Methods: We did this randomised, double-blind, phase 3 trial at 169 investigational sites in 24 countries. We enrolled adults (≥18 years) with chronic HCV genotype 1 infection, compensated liver disease, and plasma HCV RNA higher than 10 000 IU/mL who were null or partial responders during at least one previous course of peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin treatment. We randomly assigned (1:1) patients (stratified by HCV genotype 1 subtype [1a plus other/1b] and previous treatment response [partial or null]) to receive simeprevir (150 mg once a day) plus telaprevir placebo (three times a day 7-9 h apart) or telaprevir (750 mg three times a day) plus simeprevir placebo (once a day) in combination with peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin for 12 weeks followed by 36 weeks of peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin alone. The primary efficacy endpoint was sustained virological response 12 weeks after end of treatment (SVR12) in the intention-to-treat and the per-protocol population. We compared groups with the Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test. We established a non-inferiority margin of 12%. Adverse events were reported descriptively. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01485991. Findings: Patient screening began on Jan 19, 2012, and the last visit was on April 7, 2014. We included 763 patients (472 previous null responders [62%]). Simeprevir and peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin was non-inferior to telaprevir and peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin for SVR12 (54% [203/379] vs 55% [210/384]; difference -1·1%, 95% CI -7·8 to 5·5; p=0·0007). SVR12 was achieved in 70% (101/145) versus 68% (100/146) of previous partial responders and 44% (102/234) versus 46% (110/238) of previous null responders with simeprevir and peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin and telaprevir and peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin treatment, respectively. We recorded differences between treatment groups in simeprevir or telaprevir-related adverse events (69% [261/379] in the simeprevir group vs 86% [330/384] in the telaprevir group), serious adverse events (2% [8/379] vs 9% [33/384]), and adverse events leading to simeprevir or telaprevir discontinuation (2% [7/379] vs 8% [32/384]). Interpretation: Simeprevir once a day with peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin was well tolerated in HCV genotype 1-infected previous non-responders and was non-inferior to telaprevir, thus providing an alternative treatment in areas of the world where all-oral HCV regimens are not available or accessible. Funding: Janssen. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Boeckxstaens G.E.,University Hospital Leuven | Drug V.,University Hospital St Spiridon | Dumitrascu D.,University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca | Farmer A.D.,Wingate Institute of Neurogastroenterology | And 16 more authors.
Neurogastroenterology and Motility | Year: 2016

Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a complex condition with multiple factors contributing to its aetiology and pathophysiology. Aetiologically these include genetics, life-time events and environment, and physiologically, changes in motility, central processing, visceral sensitivity, immunity, epithelial permeability and gastrointestinal microflora. Such complexity means there is currently no specific reliable biomarker for IBS, and thus IBS continues to be diagnosed and classified according to symptom based criteria, the Rome Criteria. Carefully phenotyping and characterisation of a ‘large’ pool of IBS patients across Europe and even the world however, might help identify sub-populations with accuracy and consistency. This will not only aid future research but improve tailoring of treatment and health care of IBS patients. Purpose: The aim of this position paper is to discuss the requirements necessary to standardize the process of selecting and phenotyping IBS patients and how to organise the collection and storage of patient information/samples in such a large multi-centre pan European/global study. We include information on general demographics, gastrointestinal symptom assessment, psychological factors, quality of life, physiological evaluation, genetic/epigenetic and microbiota analysis, biopsy/blood sampling, together with discussion on the organisational, ethical and language issues associated with implementing such a study. The proposed approach and documents selected to be used in such a study was the result of a thoughtful and thorough four-year dialogue amongst experts associated with the European COST action BM1106 GENIEUR (www.GENIEUR.eu). © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd Source

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