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Limuru, Kenya

St. Paul's University College is an affiliated institution of the University of Waterloo, located in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada Wikipedia.


Rogers C.,St. Pauls University
Eye (London, England) | Year: 2014

AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of intravitreal bevacizumab in the treatment of retinal vasoproliferative tumours (VPT).MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six eyes of 6 patients with VPT who received intravitreal bevacizumab were retrospectively reviewed. All patients received between one and three injections of intravitreal bevacizumab depending upon response to treatment. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), tumour size, and presence of co-pathology or sequelae were noted pre- and postoperatively and then analysed. Subsequent retreatments were performed in patients with recurrent or persistent VPT according to the ophthalmologist's discretion. Retreatments included photodynamic therapy with verteporfin, ruthenium-106 plaque brachytherapy, or endoresection of tumour.RESULTS: The mean follow-up duration was 33.3 months (range 10-66 months). At baseline, the mean logMAR BCVA was 1.45 (Snellen equivalent of 6/165); range 0.10-1.90 (6/8-CF). Following bevacizumab treatment the mean logMAR BCVA was 0.98 (Snellen equivalent of 6/57); range 0.5-1.9 (Snellen equivalent of 6/19 to CF). Therefore, there was no statistically significant change in visual acuity. The mean tumour thickness reduced from 2.4 to 2.1 mm following treatment with bevacizumab. However, this did not reach the statistical significance of P<0.05. Despite the visual improvement following bevacizumab therapy, five out of six patients had recurrence of tumour activity during the follow-up period and required further intervention in order to achieve sustained regression.CONCLUSIONS: Intravitreal bevacizumab appeared to result in temporary reduction of tumour thickness in 3 out of 6 VPT patients. However, neither the reduction in tumour thickness nor the change in visual acuity were statistically significant and intravitreal bevacizumab monotherapy had limited effectiveness in causing long-term regression of the lesions. Additional therapy was indicated in five out of six patients to establish long-term regression. The efficacy of bevacizumab as an adjunct is as yet undetermined and further studies are needed. Presently, we recommend other treatment modalities in the long-term management of VPTs.


Anijeet D.,St. Pauls University
Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online) | Year: 2011

Dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) procedures can be performed using external or endonasal approaches. The comparative success rates of these procedures are unknown. To compare the success rates of external and endonasal approaches to DCR. We searched CENTRAL (which contains the Cochrane Eyes and Vision Group Trials Register) (The Cochrane Library 2010, Issue 11), MEDLINE (January 1950 to December 2010), EMBASE (January 1980 to December 2010), Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences (LILACS) (January 1982 to December 2010), the metaRegister of Controlled Trials (mRCT) (www.controlled-trials.com) (December 2010), ClinicalTrials.gov (www.clinicaltrials.gov) (December 2010) and Web of Science Conference Proceedings Citation Index- Science (CPCI-S) (January 1990 to December 2010). There were no language or date restrictions in the search for trials. The electronic databases were last searched on 7 December 2010. We requested or examined relevant conference proceedings for appropriate trials. We included all randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing external and endonasal dacryocystorhinostomies. Two review authors independently performed data extraction and assessment of quality with a predefined form. We contacted investigators to clarify the methodological quality of the studies. We identified one trial that fulfilled the inclusion criteria. This trial compared 64 DCR procedures (32 external and 32 endonasal procedures). Endonasal DCR was four times more likely to fail compared to external DCR. This was statistically significant (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.25 to 12.84). The only trial included in the review provides evidence that endonasal DCR has statistically higher risk of failure compared to external DCR. However, this conclusion is limited by paucity of RCTs, small number of participants and lack of clarity of the methodological process. Well conducted RCTs with sufficient power are required to answer the research question.


Moir T.J.,St. Pauls University
International Journal of Speech Technology | Year: 2014

The problem of removing reverberation in speech is considered when the room impulse response is non-minimum phase. The method does not require multiple sensors or the use of all-pass transfer function networks as in previous techniques. Instead we use spectral factorization of large polynomials. Spectral factorization gives a method of reflecting the non-minimum phase roots without having to calculate their actual values. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York.


Moir T.J.,St. Pauls University
International Journal of Adaptive Control and Signal Processing | Year: 2013

A method for the linear least-squares estimation of random signals contaminated with random noise that uses a new method of spectral factorization is shown. It is shown that the optimal filter can be written entirely in terms of the two spectral factors of signal plus noise and noise-alone, and can be applied to the general case of coloured and white additive noise. The method of spectral factorization used is novel and uses control-system methodology. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Gerding H.,Augenzentrum Klinik Pallas | Gerding H.,University of Munster | Mones J.,Institute Of La Macula I Of La Retina | Tadayoni R.,University Paris Diderot | And 3 more authors.
British Journal of Ophthalmology | Year: 2015

Retinal vein occlusion (RVO) is a common cause of retinal vascular disease, resulting in potentially irreversible loss of vision despite the existence of several therapeutic options. The humanised monoclonal antibody fragment ranibizumab binds to and inhibits vascular endothelial growth factor, a key driver of macular oedema in RVO. In 2010, ranibizumab was approved in the USA for the treatment of macular oedema in RVO and, in 2011, ranibizumab was approved in the European Union for the treatment of visual impairment caused by macular oedema secondary to RVO in branch and central RVO. Ranibizumab provides an additional therapeutic option for this complex disease: an option that was not fully considered during the preparation of current international guidelines. An expert panel was convened to critically evaluate the evidence for treatment with ranibizumab in patients with visual impairment caused by macular oedema secondary to RVO and to develop treatment recommendations, with the aim of assisting physicians to optimise patient treatment.

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