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Mihalcea R.G.,Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy | Goanta C.M.,Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy | Goanta C.M.,Clinical Emergency Hospital St Pantelimon | Tusaliu M.,Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy | And 5 more authors.
Archives of the Balkan Medical Union | Year: 2016

Snoring is a frequent health problem among the grown-up population with a high currency of 15%-28% in women and 35% to 45% in men. Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) can be defined as a respiratory sleep disorder. It is characterized by the appearance of apnea, caused by partial or total obstruction of the superior respiratory tract all along sleeping. The obstructive sleep apnea bears semblance of many symptoms associated with apnea. They are both correlated with grave clinical and morbidity effects with impairment in well-being of individuals and rising cost of management. A wide range of studies have been developed with the aim of adressing the problem. This article reviews recent literature data on the prevalence of snoring, and associations between sleep disordered breathing, common causes of secondary hypertension, insulin resistance, dysplipidemia, cardiovascular disease and to identify the key variables associated with a significant reduction in the consequences of snoring. Abbreviations: OSA - obstructive sleep apnea, OSAS - obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, AHI - apnea-hypopnea index, LNL - lateral neck length, MNL - midline neck length, SDB - sleep disordered breathing, CPAP - nasal continuous positive airway pressure, ESS - epworth sleepiness scale, BMI - body mass index, CV - cardiovascular. Copyright © 2016 CELSIUS.


Tusaliu M.,Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy | Tusaliu M.,Institute Of Phonoaudiology And Functional Ent Surgery Prof Dr D Hociota | Dragu A.A.,Institute Of Phonoaudiology And Functional Ent Surgery Prof Dr D Hociota | Goanta C.M.,Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy | And 7 more authors.
Archives of the Balkan Medical Union | Year: 2016

Chronic laryngitis is a common disease that affects both women and men, the etiologic factors of which lead to smoking, gastroesophageal reflux disease, infections (bacterial, viral, fungal), misuse of voice or autoimmune, irritative, traumatic or allergic factors. Left untreated, some forms of chronic laryngitis can turn malignant, so in some cases it is necessary an aggressive follow up with histopathological examination. Copyright © 2016 CELSIUS.


Avouac J.,University of Paris Descartes | Walker U.,Rheumatologische Universitatsklinik | Tyndall A.,Rheumatologische Universitatsklinik | Kahan A.,University of Paris Descartes | And 167 more authors.
Journal of Rheumatology | Year: 2010

Objective. To determine the prevalence of and independent factors associated with joint involvement in a large population of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). Methods. This study was cross-sectional, based on data collected on patients included in the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Scleroderma Trials and Research (EUSTAR) registry. We queried this database to extract data regarding global evaluation of patients with SSc and the presence of any clinical articular involvement: synovitis (tender and swollen joints), tendon friction rubs (rubbing sensation detected as the tendon was moved), and joint contracture (stiffness of the joints that decreased their range of motion). Overall joint involvement was defined by the occurrence of synovitis and/or joint contracture and/or tendon friction rubs. Results. We recruited 7286 patients with SSc; their mean age was 56 ± 14 years, disease duration 10 ± 9 years, and 4210 (58%) had a limited cutaneous disease subset. Frequencies of synovitis, tendon friction rubs, and joint contractures were 16%, 11%, and 31%, respectively. Synovitis, tendon friction rubs, and joint contracture were more prevalent in patients with the diffuse cutaneous subset and were associated together and with severe vascular, muscular, renal, and interstitial lung involvement. Moreover, synovitis had the highest strength of association with elevated acute-phase reactants taken as the dependent variable. Conclusion. Our results highlight the striking level of articular involvement in SSc, as evaluated by systematic examination in a large cohort of patients with SSc. Our data also show that synovitis, joint contracture, and tendon friction rubs are associated with amore severe disease and with systemic inflammation. The Journal of Rheumatology Copyright © 2010. All rights reserved.


Maurer B.,University of Zürich | Graf N.,Graf Biostatistics | Michel B.A.,University of Zürich | Muller-Ladner U.,Justus Liebig University | And 163 more authors.
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases | Year: 2014

Objectives To identify predictive parameters for the progression of skin fibrosis within 1 year in patients with diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc). Methods An observational study using the EUSTAR database was performed. Inclusion criteria were dcSSc, American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria fulfilled, modified Rodnan skin score (MRSS) ≥7 at baseline visit, valid data for MRSS at 2nd visit, and available follow-up of 12±2 months. Worsening of skin fibrosis was defined as increase in MRSS >5 points and ≥25% from baseline to 2nd visit. In the univariate analysis, patients with progressive fibrosis were compared with non-progressors, and predictive markers with p<0.2 were included in the logistic regression analysis. The prediction models were then validated in a second cohort. Results A total of 637 dcSSc patients were eligible. Univariate analyses identified joint synovitis, short disease duration (≤15 months), short disease duration in females/patients without creatine kinase (CK) elevation, low baseline MRSS (≤22/51), and absence of oesophageal symptoms as potential predictors for progressive skin fibrosis. In the multivariate analysis, by employing combinations of the predictors, 17 models with varying prediction success were generated, allowing cohort enrichment from 9.7% progressive patients in the whole cohort to 44.4% in the optimised enrichment cohort. Using a second validation cohort of 188 dcSSc patients, short disease duration, low baseline MRSS and joint synovitis were confirmed as independent predictors of progressive skin fibrosis within 1 year resulting in a 4.5-fold increased prediction success rate. Conclusions Our study provides novel, evidence-based criteria for the enrichment of dcSSc cohorts with patients who experience worsening of skin fibrosis which allows improved clinical trial design. © 2014 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd & European League Against Rheumatism.


Boracchi P.,University of Milan | Gualtierotti R.,Instituto Gaetano Pini | Smith V.,Ghent University | Cutolo M.,University of Genoa | And 109 more authors.
Microvascular Research | Year: 2015

Objective: Qualitative capillaroscopy patterns in juvenile- and adult-onset systemic sclerosis (SSc) were studied in adulthood using data from the EULAR Scleroderma Trials and Research (EUSTAR) database. Methods: Data collected between June 2004 and April 2013 were examined with focus on capillaroscopy. In this retrospective exploratory study, series of patients with juvenile-onset SSc were matched with series of adult-onset SSc having the same gender and autoantibody profile. Results: 30 of 123 patients with juvenile-onset and 2108 of 7133 with adult-onset SSc had data on capillaroscopy. Juvenile-onset SSc showed scleroderma pattern more frequently than adult-onset SSc (93.3% and 88%). The OR was 2.44 and 95% CI 0.57-10.41. An active scleroderma pattern was present in 58% of juvenile- and 61% of adult-onset SSc. The OR was 0.91 and 95% CI 0.28-2.93. The late scleroderma pattern was present in 61% of juvenile- and 55.5% of adult-onset SSc. The OR was 1.06 and 95% CI 0.34-3.56. Conclusion: This is the first exploratory study on the comparison of capillaroscopy between juvenile- and adult-onset SSc in adulthood. Juvenile-onset SSc had an increase prevalence of scleroderma pattern, but a similar distribution of the three patterns was suggested. Further studies are needed to define this issue. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.

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