Jafri M.,University of Birmingham |
Whitworth J.,University of Birmingham |
Whitworth J.,Birmingham Womens Hospital NHS Trust |
Rattenberry E.,University of Birmingham |
And 30 more authors.
Clinical Endocrinology | Year: 2013
Objectives Research studies have reported that about a third of individuals with phaeochromocytoma/paraganglioma (PPGL) have an inherited predisposition, although the frequency of specific mutations can vary between populations. We evaluated VHL, SDHB and SDHD mutation testing in cohorts of patients with non-syndromic PPGL and head and neck paraganglioma (HNPGL). Design Prospective, observational evaluation of NHS practice. Patients Individuals with PPGL/HNPGL referred to a supraregional genetics testing service over a 10-year period. Measurements Clinical (age, tumour site, malignancy, etc.), mutation frequencies and characteristics. Results A total of 501 probands with PPGL (n = 413) or HNPGL (n = 88) were studied. Thirty-one percent of patients with PPGL presented had a pathogenic mutation in SDHB, SDHD or VHL. Mutation detection rates were highest in those with a positive family history (62%), malignancy (53%), multiple tumours (33%) or PGL (44%). Twenty-eight percent of individuals with a single sporadic phaeochromocytoma had a mutation. Overall, 63% of patients with HNPGL had a mutation (92% of those with a family history, 89% of those with multicentric tumours and 34% of those with a single sporadic HNPGL). Penetrance was calculated in 121 SDHB mutation-positive probands and 187 of their mutation-positive relatives. Most relatives were asymptomatic and lifetime penetrance in non-proband SDHB mutation carriers was <50%. Conclusions Practice-based evaluations of genetic testing in PPGL reveal high mutation detection rates. Although clinical criteria can be used to prioritize mutation testing, mutations were detected in 'low risk groups' indicating a need for comprehensive and inexpensive genetic testing strategies for PPGL and HNPGL. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.