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Bethlehem, PA, United States

Samuel B.,St. Lukes Internal Medicine Residency Program | Dylewski J.,St. Lukes Internal Medicine Residency Program | Agarwal A.,St. Lukes Internal Medicine Residency Program | Fioravanti G.,St. Lukes Internal Medicine Residency Program
Laboratory Medicine | Year: 2013

Peritonitis is a commonly seen complication in patients with end-stage renal disease being treated with peritoneal dialysis. Peritonitis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in this group of patients. In this instance, an appropriate clinical decision should be made to start empiric treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics until peritoneal fluid cultures are obtained. Prompt treatment is necessary as peritonitis is associated with increased mortality rate, membrane damage requiring a transfer to hemodialysis, and loss of the catheter. However, eosinophilic peritonitis presents a challenge to the clinician in that it may be caused by something other than an infection.

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