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Wayne, NJ, United States

Heller R.,St. Josephs Healthcare System | Martin-Biggers J.,Rutgers University | Berhaupt-Glickstein A.,Rutgers University | Quick V.,James Madison University | Byrd-Bredbenner C.,Rutgers University
Public Health Nutrition | Year: 2014

Objective To determine whether food label information and advertisements for foods containing no fruit cause children to have a false impression of the foods' fruit content. Design In the food label condition, a trained researcher showed each child sixteen different food label photographs depicting front-of-food label packages that varied with regard to fruit content (i.e. real fruit v. sham fruit) and label elements. In the food advertisement condition, children viewed sixteen, 30 s television food advertisements with similar fruit content and label elements as in the food label condition. After viewing each food label and advertisement, children responded to the question 'Did they use fruit to make this?' with responses of yes, no or don't know. Setting Schools, day-care centres, after-school programmes and other community groups. Subjects Children aged 4-7 years. Results In the food label condition, χ 2 analysis of within fruit content variation differences indicated children (n 58; mean age 4·2 years) were significantly more accurate in identifying real fruit foods as the label's informational load increased and were least accurate when neither a fruit name nor an image was on the label. Children (n 49; mean age 5·4 years) in the food advertisement condition were more likely to identify real fruit foods when advertisements had fruit images compared with when no image was included, while fruit images in advertisements for sham fruit foods significantly reduced accuracy of responses. Conclusions Findings suggest that labels and advertisements for sham fruit foods mislead children with regard to the food's real fruit content. © The Authors 2014. Source


LaPorta L.D.,St. Josephs Healthcare System | LaPorta L.D.,The New School | LaPorta L.D.,Seton Hall University | LaPorta L.D.,St. Georges University
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America | Year: 2010

Health professionals are subject to higher levels of stress than the average worker. Little has been written on these subjects, specifically in oral and maxillofacial surgeons. Anecdotally, dentists have been singled out as the health care professionals more likely to be subjected to severe stress, burnout, failed marriages, depression, substance abuse, and commit suicide. However, with oral and maxillofacial surgery being a particularly high-stress specialty of dentistry, a study of the dental literature regarding stress may be relevant. This article explores the myths and realities of stress and burnout in oral and maxillofacial surgeons and the coping skills, both adaptive and maladaptive used by practitioners to deal with their stress. This article also offers some practical suggestions for improving both the mental and physical health of oral and maxillofacial surgeons. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. Source

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