St Josephs Care Group

Thunder Bay, Canada

St Josephs Care Group

Thunder Bay, Canada
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Green C.,Athabasca University | Green C.,St Josephs Care Group | Vandall-Walker V.,Athabasca University
Nutrition in Clinical Practice | Year: 2017

Background: Tube feeding (TF) is frequently prescribed for adults admitted to acute care facilities to prevent or ameliorate malnutrition, yet little is known about patients' needs and experiences with receiving this therapy. Patients' perspectives regarding the factors influencing their experiences, as well as their information and support needs, are required to inform healthcare providers' (HCPs') patient-centered practices. Methods: Based on an interpretive description qualitative approach, 12 unstructured face-to-face interviews were conducted with participants admitted to acute care hospitals in Northwestern Ontario, Canada. Results: Analysis of data revealed variations in participants' perceptions of the necessity for TF and the discomfort resulting from this therapy. Perceived necessity was influenced by interrelated themes: the meaning of TF (beyond necessity), the trust held in HCPs, and the resilience of participants in response to all that they were experiencing. Collectively, these findings are encompassed within the central theme, phrased as a question, about the experience of TF: "A necessary evil?" Participants' answers to this question revealed the nature of their overall response throughout TF therapy (ie, indifferent, resistant, relieved, or tolerant). Conclusions: The range of perceptions and the complexity of patients' experiences during TF revealed in the data can inform HCPs' patient-centered approaches to TF care. Assessing and incorporating patients' values, beliefs, needs, and goals into, and exploring their choices in, nutrition care planning can promote resilience in response to TF therapy. HCPs may then well enhance patients' comfort and overall experience with TF therapy. © 2017 The American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition.

Jarva J.A.,St Josephs Care Group | Cernovsky Z.,London Health Sciences Center | Karioja K.,Center for Addiction and Mental Health | Martin L.,Lakehead University
Canadian Journal of Psychiatry | Year: 2012

Objectives: In the shared care model, psychiatrists and physicians work in the same office areas, write their notes in the same casebooks, and can more rapidly exchange information about referrals and health conditions of their patients. We evaluated the impact of the introduction of a shared mental health care service, co-located with a primary care site, on wait times for mental health services in a northern Ontario city. Method: Chart reviews were conducted to examine a total of 3589 referrals for 5 mental health outpatient services (1 shared care and 4 existing services) from January 2001 to the end of June 2004. The shared mental health care service site was started in July 2001. Wait time was measured 6 months prior to and up to 3 years after the introduction of the shared care service. Results: The shared care site offered services more than 40 days sooner and also helped to reduce wait time on the nonshared care sites. After shared care began, the pre-existing, nonshared care services had wait times of about 13 days shorter during the 3 subsequent years. Conclusions: The shared care service maintained the lowest overall wait times, compared with the existing nonshared care services. The existing services experienced a decrease in the number of days waiting when the baseline wait time was compared with that of the following year.

Taylor D.M.,St Josephs Care Group | Stone S.D.,Lakehead University | Huijbregts M.P.,Clinical Performance and Accreditation
Rural and Remote Health | Year: 2012

Introduction: Telehealth is an all-inclusive term for the provision of health services using information and communication technology. Videoconference delivery is one form of telehealth whereby a synchronous, two-way audio and visual connection is made between two or more sites. Videoconference is used in remote areas to improve access to healthcare, perform individual clinical assessments and deliver group education. Moving On after Stroke (MOST®) is a group-based, self-management program for stroke survivors and their caregivers, which consists of information sharing, facilitated discussion, goal-setting, and exercise. This program was delivered simultaneously to local participants onsite in Thunder Bay, Canada, and distant participants in smaller, remote communities in Northwestern Ontario using videoconferencing (MOST-Telehealth Remote). The objective of this study was to explore the experiences of remote participants, their perceptions regarding factors that enable or limit videoconference participation, and to obtain suggestions for enhanced delivery of videoconferenced group programs. Methods: This qualitative study used an interpretive methodology. Semi-structured interviews were conducted in person with remote MOST-Telehealth Remote (MOST-TR) participants within one year post-program. Participants were recruited using purposive sampling and included both male and female stroke survivors and caregivers, those who participated alone and those who participated with others at the remote site. Twenty-seven people were approached, eight declined, and 19 agreed to participate. The average age of participants was 66.2 years (range 48-84). The interviews were transcribed and coded using NVivo v2.0 ( Data were analyzed for common categories using qualitative descriptive methods. Results: All participants valued access to the program without having to travel long distances. They felt safe in discussions and when exercising with the group across videoconference. Many reported 'feeling as if they were in the same room' but also acknowledged that there were limitations to participating via videoconference. Participants recognized a loss of subtleties in communication and the group facilitators found it difficult to discern whether participants were finding the exercises too difficult or too easy. The videoconference medium also limited participants' ability to privately or informally address concerns. Factors facilitating engagement and participation were similar to factors in face-to-face groups. Additionally, the importance of collaboration with onsite coordinators, volunteers, and other local participants was highlighted. Facilitators have the added responsibility of including all participants more explicitly, especially those offsite. Suggestions to improve group cohesion and participation included a preliminary face-to-face meeting with all participants, implementing technical strategies, and ongoing onsite support. Conclusions: For MOST-TR participants, videoconference participation was valuable. Addressing the limitations of videoconference connection and enhanced local support may improve the experience for remote participants in small-group, videoconferenced, self-management programs. Using videoconference technology to participate in existing programs greatly increases accessibility for people living in remote areas. © DM Taylor, SD Stone, MP Huijbregts, 2012.

Maxwell H.G.,St Josephs Care Group | Dubois S.,St Josephs Care Group | Weaver B.,Lakehead University | Bedard M.,The Driving Center
Canadian Journal of Public Health | Year: 2010

Objectives: To examine the relationship between the combination of alcohol and benzodiazepines and the risk of committing an unsafe driver action. Methods: We used data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (1993-2006) on drivers aged 20 or older who were tested for both alcohol and drugs. Using a case-control design, we compared drivers who had at least one unsafe driver action (UDA; e.g., weaving) recorded in relation to the crash (cases) to drivers who did not (controls). Results: Drivers who tested positive for intermediate- and long-acting benzodiazepines in combination with alcohol had significantly greater odds of a UDA compared to those under the influence of alcohol alone, up to blood alcohol concentrations (BACs) of 0.08 and 0.05 g/100 ml, respectively. The odds of a UDA with short-acting benzodiazepines combined with alcohol were no different than for alcohol alone. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that the combination of alcohol and benzodiazepines can have detrimental effects on driving beyond those of alcohol alone. By describing these combined effects in terms of BAC equivalencies, this study also allows for the extrapolation of simple, concrete concepts that communicate risk to the average benzodiazepine user. © Canadian Public Health Association, 2010. All rights reserved.

Bedard M.,Lakehead University | Bedard M.,St Josephs Care Group | Dickerson A.E.,East Carolina University
Occupational Therapy in Health Care | Year: 2014

Occupational therapists, both generalists and specialists, have a critical role in providing services to senior drivers. These services include evaluating fitness-to-drive, developing interventions to support community mobility, and facilitating the transition from driving to non-driving when necessary for personal and community safety. The evaluation component and decision-making process about fitness-to-drive are highly dependent on the use of screening and assessment tools. The purpose of this paper is to briefly present the rationale and context for 12 consensus statements about the usefulness and appropriateness of screening and assessment tools to determine fitness-to-drive, within the occupational therapy clinical setting, and their implications on community mobility. © 2014 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.

Dubois S.,St Josephs Care Group | Dubois S.,Lakehead University | Bedard M.,St Josephs Care Group | Bedard M.,Lakehead University | Weaver B.,Lakehead University
Accident Analysis and Prevention | Year: 2010

Currently, most epidemiological research into the impact of opioid analgesics on road safety has focused on the association between opioid use and traffic crash occurrence. Yet, the role of opioid analgesics on crash responsibility is still not properly understood. Therefore, we examined the impact of opioid analgesics on drivers (all had a confirmed BAC = 0) involved in fatal crashes (1993-2006) using a case-control design based on data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System. Cases had one or more crash-related unsafe driving actions (UDA) recorded; controls had none. We calculated adjusted odds ratios (ORs) of any UDA by medication exposure after controlling for age, sex, other medications, and driving record. Compared to drivers who tested negative for opioid analgesics, female drivers who tested positive demonstrated increased odds of performing an UDA from ages 25 (OR: 1.35; 95% CI: 1.05; 1.74) to 55 (OR: 1.30; 95% CI: 1.07; 1.58). For male drivers this was true from ages 25 (OR: 1.66; 95% CI: 1.32; 2.09) to 65 (OR: 1.39; 95% CI: 1.17; 1.67). The detection of opioid analgesics was not associated with greater risk of an UDA for older drivers. Research is necessary to examine why these age differences exist, and if possible, to ensure that opioid analgesics do not contribute to crashes. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Weaver B.,Lakehead University | Bedard M.,Lakehead University | Bedard M.,St Josephs Care Group | McAuliffe J.,Nipissing University
Clinical Neuropsychologist | Year: 2013

The widely used Java version of the Attention Network Test (ANT), which can be downloaded from, takes approximately 20 minutes to complete. A shorter version would be useful in clinical or applied research settings where many tests are administered. We assessed how well a new 10-minute version of the ANT agrees with the 20-minute version. Response time (RT) measures from the shorter version correlated very highly with the corresponding measures from the 20-minute version (Pearson correlations ranging from.88 to.92). Therefore RT measures from the shorter version can safely be used in place of those same measures from the 20-minute version. Correlations for the three network scores (alerting, orienting and conflict efficiency) were not as strong (range =.10 to.53). This is not surprising, given that the network scores are difference scores. Further research is needed to determine whether adequate reliability can be achieved for the network scores without unduly increasing the length of the task.© 2013 Taylor & Francis.

Short M.M.,Lakehead University | Mushquash C.J.,Lakehead University | Bedard M.,Lakehead University | Bedard M.,St Josephs Care Group
Canadian Journal of Public Health | Year: 2014

Objectives: Motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) are a leading cause of death for Canadian Aboriginal peoples; developing effective interventions should be a public health priority. While intervention research has been conducted outside of Canada, few formal program evaluations have been conducted in Canada. We reviewed Canadian and non-Canadian Indigenous road safety initiatives to inform future program development in Canada. Methods: A systematic review of the published and grey literature examining MVC intervention programs in Indigenous communities was performed. Studies published after 1980 reporting pre-post comparisons of MVC interventions in Indigenous communities were included in the review. These studies were assessed using a modified Participatory Action Research quality assessment tool. Haddon's Matrix of injury epidemiology and prevention was used to categorize crash-related risk factors targeted in the MVC interventions. Synthesis: A total of 11 studies met inclusion criteria, including 1 Canadian study and 10 non-Canadian studies. Successful intervention components included focus groups, training community members, educational activities, distribution of safety devices, collaboration with local law officials to enhance enforcement, driver-licensing courses, and incentive programs. Potential barriers to successful implementation and evaluation involved lack of incorporation of cultural and contextual factors, enforcement factors, and methodological limitations. Conclusion: Several effective strategies to reduce MVCs can be adapted and implemented at the community and national levels. Future directions might include using multiple intervention components and incorporating a collaborative, culturally and contextually appropriate approach, while promoting evaluation initiatives and widespread dissemination of findings. © Canadian Public Health Association, 2014. All rights reserved.

Khan A.A.,McMaster University | Rios L.P.,McMaster University | Sandor G.K.B.,University of Toronto | Khan N.,McMaster University | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Rheumatology | Year: 2011

Objective. Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) in association with use of bisphosphonate (BP) has been described primarily in cancer patients receiving high-dose intravenous BP. The frequency of the condition in patients with osteoporosis appears to be low. We evaluated the frequency of BP-associated ONJ in Ontario in the cancer population and in those receiving BP for osteoporosis and metabolic bone disease. Methods. A survey developed by representatives of the Ontario Society of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons was mailed to Ontario oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMFS) in December 2006, asking oral surgeons to provide information on cases of ONJ seen in the previous 3 calendar years (2004 to 2006). OMFS were subsequently contacted by telephone if they had not responded or if they had reported cases of ONJ. The frequency of ONJ in association with BP use was estimated from the number of patients with filled prescriptions for BP in Ontario between 2004 and 2006. The cumulative incidence of ONJ was calculated separately for patients using intravenous (IV) BP for cancer treatment and for patients using oral or IV BP for osteoporosis or other metabolic bone disease. Results. Between 2004 and 2006, 32 ONJ cases were identified. Nineteen patients received IV BP for cancer treatment and 13 patients received oral or IV BP for osteoporosis or metabolic bone disease. Over a 3-year period the cumulative incidence of BP-associated ONJ was 0.442% of cancer patient observations (442 per 100,000) and 0.001% of osteoporosis or other metabolic bone disease observations (1.04 per 100,000). The relative risk of low dose IV/oral BP-associated ONJ was 0.002 (95% CI 0.001, 0.005) compared to high-dose IV BP. Other risk factors for ONJ were present in all cases in whom detailed assessment was available. The median duration of exposure to BP was 42 months (range 36 to 120 mo) and 42 months (range 11 to 79 mo) in osteoporosis patients and cancer patients, respectively. Conclusion. Over a 3-year period, the cumulative incidence for BP-associated ONJ was 0.442% of cancer patient observations (442 per 100,000) and 0.001% of osteoporosis or metabolic bone disease observations (1.04 per 100,000). This study provides an approximate frequency of BP-associated ONJ in Canada. These data need to be quantified prospectively with accurate assessment of coexisting risk factors. The Journal of Rheumatology Copyright © 2011. All rights reserved.

Bedard M.,St Josephs Care Group
Advances in mind-body medicine | Year: 2012

Current therapies for traumatic brain injury (TBI) include pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy, and cognitive rehabilitation. Unfortunately, psychological and emotional issues regularly go untreated in individuals with TBI even after they receive treatment for physical, behavioral, and cognitive issues. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) may offer new rehabilitation opportunities for individuals with TBI. To demonstrate the efficacy of MBCT in the treatment of clinically diagnosed depression in a TBI population. The research team measured depression, pain frequency and intensity, energy levels, health status, and function preintervention and postintervention. The research team conducted the study at the Ottawa Hospital Rehabilitation Centre, Ontario, Canada. The research team recruited 23 participants from two sources: (1) the brain injury program at the hospital and (2) the local head-injury association. Twenty participants completed the study. The intervention was 8 weeks in length, with a 90-minute MBCT session once a week. The research team based the specific content of the study's intervention on a combination of Kabat-Zinn's manualized mindfulness-based stress reduction program and Segal and colleague's manual for MBCT. The research team determined statistical significance using paired t-tests for continuous outcomes and the McNemar chi-square test for dichotomous categorical outcomes. They also calculated effect sizes for all depression measures. Postintervention, the study found that MBCT significantly reduced (P < .050) depression symptoms on all scales compared to baseline. The study demonstrated medium to large effect sizes for each depression measure. Participants indicated reduced pain intensity (P = .033) and increased energy levels (P = .004). No significant changes occurred in anxiety symptoms, pain frequency, and level of functioning postintervention. MBCT was efficacious in reducing depression in the TBI population, providing ample rationale for further research with more robust designs. This study marks an important step toward the development and provision of MBCT on a wider scale to support the rehabilitation efforts of people who have depression symptoms following TBI.

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