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Vienna, Austria

Kulinna-Cosentini C.,Medical University of Vienna | Schima W.,Abteilung Radiologie | Lenglinger J.,Medical University of Vienna | Riegler M.,Medical University of Vienna | And 6 more authors.
European Radiology | Year: 2012

Objectives: To evaluate the diagnostic value of dynamic MRI swallowing in patients with symptoms of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). Methods: Thirty-seven patients (17 m/20f) with typical signs of GERD underwent MR swallowing in the supine position at 1.5 T with a phased-array body coil. Using dynamic, gradient echo sequences (B-FFE) in the coronal, sagittal and axial planes, the bolus passages of buttermilk spiked with gadolinium chelate were tracked. MRI, pH-metry and manometry were performed within 31 days and results were compared. Results: MRI results were concordant with pH-metry in 82% (23/28) of patients diagnosed with abnormal oesophageal acid exposure by pH-metry. Five patients demonstrated typical symptoms of GERD and had positive findings with pH monitoring, but false negative results with MRI. In four of six patients (67%), there was a correct diagnosis of oesophageal motility disorder, according to manometric criteria, on dynamic MRI. The overall accuracy of MRI diagnoses was 79% (27/34). A statistically significant difference was found between the size of hiatal hernia, grade of reflux in MRI, and abnormal acid exposure on pH-monitoring. Conclusions: MR fluoroscopy may be a promising radiation-free tool in assessing the functionality and morphology of the GE junction. Key Points : • Swallowing MRI can assess anatomy and function of the gastroesophageal-junction • Swallowing MRI can help identifying reflux and motility disorders • Definition of the size of hiatal hernias is possible in all three planes in MR. • Short duration of swallowing MRI enables its application in routine clinical practice © 2011 European Society of Radiology.

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