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Agrawal S.,Queen Mary, University of London | Hope W.,University of Manchester | Sinko J.,St. Istvan and St. Laszlo Hospital | Kibbler C.,University College London
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy | Year: 2011

We describe an integrated care pathway (ICP) for the optimal management of invasive mould disease (IMD). The ICP is for use by health professionals involved in the care of patients with haematological malignancies and haematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients who are at increased risk of IMD. The ICP is not intended for use in other patient groups where the evidence base is more limited. The ICP involves the patient and their carers, as well as describing the roles and the complex interaction of healthcare professionals in different departments. Therefore, the management of IMD as described in the ICP must be appropriate for the overall organization, and will be dependent on the facilities [e.g. high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filtration] and services available. The ICP deals with risk stratification, diagnostic tests, prophylactic and treatment strategies and how to incorporate these into the ICP. Outpatient drug management after hospital discharge and cessation of therapy are outlined. Local implementation of this ICP will vary from centre to centre: the ICP is a generic template for guidance indicating the requirements for optimal IMD management and as such provides a standard against which local practice can be audited. For clinical governance, to minimize variation in practice and, ultimately, to improve patient outcomes, each centre should regularly monitor and document compliance with the local ICP, from provision of patient information, appropriate prescribing and diagnostic investigation to clinical outcomes. © The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. All rights reserved.

Sinko J.,St. Istvan and St. Laszlo Hospital
Future Microbiology | Year: 2010

Reduced intensity conditioning regimens and a wider range of donor sources, including cord blood, mean that more patients can be offered potentially curative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation than ever before. Although these modalities aim to reduce procedure-related morbidity and mortality, their potential benefit may be overshadowed by a changing spectrum of problems related to the immunocompromised status of affected patients. Acute or chronic extensive graft-versus-host disease, which occasionally emerges in the late post-transplant period, and prolonged neutropenia due to delayed engraftment still carry a substantial risk of invasive fungal and other infections. As a result, advances in antifungal prophylaxis and pre-emptive treatment were widely reported at the 36th Annual Meeting of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation attended this year by approximately 3800 delegates. © 2010 Future Medicine Ltd.

Khoury H.J.,Emory University | Cortes J.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | Baccarani M.,University of Bologna | Wetzler M.,Roswell Park Cancer Institute | And 5 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2015

Omacetaxine mepesuccinate promotes apoptosis by inhibiting the production of short-lived oncoproteins. The efficacy and safety of omacetaxine in patients with advanced chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) previously treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors were assessed in two phase II trials (CML-202 and CML-203). Fifty-one patients in accelerated phase (AP-CML) and 44 in myeloid blast phase (BP-CML) received subcutaneous omacetaxine 1.25 mg/m2 twice daily days 1-14 every 28 days until hematologic response/improvement or any cytogenetic response, then days 1-7 every 28 days until disease progression. The primary endpoint was maintenance or attainment of a major hematologic response (MHR). Cytogenetic responses were also evaluated. MHR was 37% in patients with AP-CML and 9% with BP-CML (22% and 5% in those with a history of T315I). Most grade 3/4 adverse events were related to myelosuppression, and were generally manageable. Omacetaxine demonstrates activity and an acceptable safety profile in pretreated patients with advanced CML, irrespective of mutational status. © 2014 Informa UK, Ltd.

Favaloro E.J.,Institute of Clinical Pathology and Medical Research ICPMR | Bodo I.,St. Istvan and St. Laszlo Hospital | Israels S.J.,University of Manitoba | Brown S.A.,Royal Childrens Hospital
Haemophilia | Year: 2014

The diagnosis and management of bleeding disorders is made difficult by the complexity and variety of disorders, clinical symptoms and bleeding type and severity. von Willebrand disease (VWD) and platelet disorders are disorders of primary haemostasis and together represent the most common inherited bleeding disorders. In this article, we describe the diagnosis of VWD and platelet disorders and the treatment options for VWD. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Akan H.,Ankara University | Antia V.P.,Breach Candy Hospital Trust | Kouba M.,TheInstitute of Hematology and Blood Transfusion | Sinko J.,St. Istvan and St. Laszlo Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy | Year: 2013

Invasive fungal disease (IFD), predominantly aspergillosis, is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients, especially those with haematological malignancies and recipients of allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. There has been a great deal of scientific debate as to the effectiveness of antifungal prophylaxis in preventing infectionin different patient groupsandin which patients it isanappropriate management option. Deciding on an appropriate prophylaxis regimen for IFD is challenging as the incidence varies among different patient groups, due to the varied nature of their underlying haematological disease, and in different regions and centres. Attempts have been made to define risk factors and include them in treatment protocols. Impaired immune status of the patient, especially neutropenia, is a key risk factor for IFD and can sometimes be related to specific polymorphisms of genes controlling innate immunity. Risk factors also varyaccording to the type of fungal pathogen. Consequently, prophylaxis needs to be tailored to individual patient groups. Furthermore, the choice of antifungal agent for prophylaxis depends on the potential for drug-drug interactions with the patients' concomitant medications. Additional challenges are optimal timing of antifungal prophylaxis, when to change from prophylaxis to antifungal treatment and how to prevent recurrence of IFD. This article considers the use of antifungal prophylaxis for patients at risk of IFD in daily clinical practice, with clinical profiles that may be distinct from those covered by guidelines, and aims to provide practical advice for treatment of these patient groups. © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. All rights reserved.

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