Von Minckwitz G.,German Breast Group |
Eidtmann H.,Universitats Frauenklinik |
Rezai M.,Luisenkrankenhaus |
Fasching P.A.,Friedrich - Alexander - University, Erlangen - Nuremberg |
And 19 more authors.
New England Journal of Medicine | Year: 2012
BACKGROUND: Bevacizumab, a monoclonal antibody against vascular endothelial growth factor A, has shown clinical efficacy in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative metastatic breast cancer. We evaluated the efficacy, measured according to the rate of pathological complete response (absence of invasive and intraductal disease in the breast and the axillary lymph nodes), and the safety of adding bevacizumab to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with early-stage breast cancer. METHODS: We randomly assigned 1948 patients with a median tumor size of 40 mm on palpation to receive neoadjuvant epirubicin and cyclophosphamide followed by docetaxel, with or without concomitant bevacizumab. Patients with untreated HER2-negative breast cancer were eligible if they had large tumors, hormone-receptor-negative disease, or hormone-receptor-positive disease with palpable nodes or positive findings on sentinel-node biopsy, and no increased cardiovascular or bleeding risk. RESULTS: Overall, the rates of pathological complete response were 14.9% with epirubicin and cyclophosphamide followed by docetaxel and 18.4% with epirubicin and cyclophosphamide followed by docetaxel plus bevacizumab (odds ratio with addition of bevacizumab, 1.29; 95% confidence interval, 1.02 to 1.65; P = 0.04); the corresponding rates of pathological complete response were 27.9% and 39.3% among 663 patients with triple-negative tumors (P = 0.003) and 7.8% and 7.7% among 1262 patients with hormone-receptor-positive tumors (P = 1.00). Breast-conserving surgery was possible in 66.6% of the patients in both groups. The addition of bevacizumab, as compared with neoadjuvant therapy alone, was associated with a higher incidence of grade 3 or 4 toxic effects (febrile neutropenia, mucositis, the hand-foot syndrome, infection, and hypertension) but with a similar incidence of surgical complications. CONCLUSIONS: The addition of bevacizumab to neoadjuvant chemotherapy significantly increased the rate of pathological complete response among patients with HER2-negative early-stage breast cancer. Efficacy was restricted primarily to patients with triple-negative tumors, in whom the pathological complete response is considered to be a reliable predictor of long-term outcome. (Funded by Sanofi-Aventis and Roche, Germany; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00567554.) Copyright © 2012 Massachusetts Medical Society.
Untch M.,Helios Klinikum |
Loibl S.,German Breast Group |
Bischoff J.,Universitats Frauenklinik |
Eidtmann H.,Universitats Frauenklinik |
And 15 more authors.
The Lancet Oncology | Year: 2012
Background: We compared the efficacy and safety of the addition of lapatinib versus trastuzumab to anthracycline-taxane-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Methods: In the GeparQuinto randomised phase 3 trial, patients with untreated HER2-positive operable or locally advanced breast cancer were enrolled between Nov 7, 2007, and July 9, 2010. Patients were eligible if their tumours were classified as cT3/4a-d, or hormone receptor (HR)-negative, HR-positive with clinically node-positive and cT2 disease (cT2 cN+), or HR-positive and pathologically node-positive in the sentinel lymph node for those with cT1 disease (cT1 pN SLN+). Patients were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive neoadjuvant treatment with four cycles of EC (epirubicin [90 mg/m 2 intravenously] plus cyclophosphamide [600 mg/m 2 intravenously], every 3 weeks), and four cycles of docetaxel (100 mg/m 2 intravenously every 3 weeks) with either trastuzumab (6 mg/kg intravenously, with a starting loading dose of 8 mg/kg, for eight cycles, every 3 weeks) or lapatinib (1000-1250 mg per day orally) throughout all cycles before surgery. Randomisation was done by dynamic allocation with the minimisation method of Pocock and patients were stratified by participating site, HR status, and extent of disease (cT1-3 cN0-2 vs T4 or N3). The primary endpoint was pathological complete response (defined as ypT0 and ypN0) and was analysed in all patients who received at least one cycle of EC. Participants and investigators were not masked to treatment assignment. Pathologists in centres assessing surgery outcomes were masked to group assignment. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00567554. Findings: Of 620 eligible patients, 309 were randomly assigned to chemotherapy with trastuzumab (ECH-TH group) and 311 to chemotherapy with lapatinib (ECL-TL group). Two patients in the ECH-TH group and three patients in the ECL-TL group did not start treatment because of withdrawal of consent or immediate surgery. 93 (30·3%) of 307 patients in the ECH-TH group and 70 (22·7%) of 308 patients in the ECL-TL group had a pathological complete response (odds ratio [OR] 0·68 [95%CI 0·47-0·97]; p=0·04). Chemotherapy with trastuzumab was associated with more oedema (119 [39·1%] vs 88 [28·7%]) and dyspnoea (90 [29·6%] vs 66 [21·4%]), and ECL-TL with more diarrhoea (231 [75·0%] vs 144 [47·4%]) and skin rash (169 [54·9%] vs 97 [31·9%]). 43 (14·0%) patients discontinued in the ECH-TH group and 102 (33·1%) in the ECL-TL group. 70 serious adverse events were reported in the ECH-TH group and 87 in the ECL-TL group. Interpretation: This direct comparison of trastuzumab and lapatinib showed that pathological complete response rate with chemotherapy and lapatinib was significantly lower than that with chemotherapy and trastuzumab. Unless long-term outcome data show different results, lapatinib should not be used outside of clinical trials as single anti-HER2-treatment in combination with neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Funding: GlaxoSmithKline, Roche, and Sanofi-Aventis. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Von Minckwitz G.,German Breast Group |
Von Minckwitz G.,Goethe University Frankfurt |
Schneeweiss A.,University of Heidelberg |
Loibl S.,German Breast Group |
And 22 more authors.
The Lancet Oncology | Year: 2014
Background: Preclinical data suggest that triple-negative breast cancers are sensitive to interstrand crosslinking agents, and that synergy may exist for the combination of a taxane, trastuzumab, and a platinum salt for HER2-positive breast cancer. We therefore aimed to assess the efficacy of the addition of carboplatin to neoadjuvant therapy for triple-negative and HER2-positive breast cancer. Methods: Patients with previously untreated, non-metastatic, stage II-III, triple-negative breast cancer and HER2-positive breast cancer were enrolled. Patients were treated for 18 weeks with paclitaxel (80 mg/m2 once a week) and non-pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (20 mg/m2 once a week). Patients with triple-negative breast cancer received simultaneous bevacizumab (15 mg/kg intravenously every 3 weeks). Patients with HER2-positive disease received simultaneous trastuzumab (8 mg/kg initial dose with subsequent doses of 6 mg/kg intravenously every 3 weeks) and lapatinib (750 mg daily). Patients were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio with dynamic allocation and minimisation, stratified by biological subtype and Ki-67 level to receive, at the same time as the backbone regimens, either carboplatin (AUC 1·5 [2·0 for the first 329 patients] once a week) or no carboplatin. The primary endpoint the proportion of patients who achieved a pathological complete response (defined as ypT0 ypN0), analysed for all patients who started treatment; a p value of less than 0·2 was deemed significant for the primary endpoint. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01426880. Findings: 296 patients were randomly assigned to receive carboplatin and 299 to no additional carboplatin, of whom 295 and 293 started treatment, respectively. In this final analysis, 129 patients (43·7%, 95% CI 38·1-49·4) in the carboplatin group achieved a pathological complete response, compared with 108 patients (36·9%, 31·3-42·4) without carboplatin (odds ratio 1·33, 95% CI 0·96-1·85; p=0·107). Of the patients with triple-negative breast cancer, 84 (53·2%, 54·4-60·9) of 158 patients achieved a pathological complete response with carboplatin, compared with 58 (36·9%, 29·4-44·5) of 157 without (p=0·005). Of the patients with HER2-positive tumours, 45 (32·8%, 25·0-40·7) of 137 patients achieved a pathological complete response with carboplatin compared with 50 (36·8%, 28·7-44·9) of 136 without (p=0·581; test for interaction p=0·015). Haematological and non-haematological toxic effects that were significantly more common in the carboplatin group than in the no-carboplatin group included grade 3 or 4 neutropenia (192 [65%] vs 79 [27%]), grade 3 or 4 anaemia (45 [15%] vs one [<1%]), grade 3 or 4 thrombocytopenia (42 [14%] vs one [<1%]), and grade 3 or 4 diarrhoea (51 [17%] vs 32 [11%]); carboplatin was more often associated with dose discontinuations (141 [48%] with carboplatin and 114 [39%] without carboplatin; p=0·031). The frequency of grade 3 or 4 haematological events decreased from 82% (n=135) to 70% (n=92) and grade 3 or 4 non-haematological events from 78% (n=128) to 59% (n=77) in the carboplatin arm when the dose of carboplatin was reduced from AUC 2·0 to 1·5. Interpretation: The addition of neoadjuvant carboplatin to a regimen of a taxane, an anthracycline, and targeted therapy significantly increases the proportion of patients achieving a pathological complete response. This regimen seems to increase responses in patients with triple-negative breast cancer, but not in those with HER2-positive breast cancer. Funding: GlaxoSmithKline, Roche, and Teva. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Von Minckwitz G.,C o GBG Forschungs GmbH |
Von Minckwitz G.,Universitats Frauenklinik Frankfurt |
Schmitt W.D.,Charite University Hospital |
Loibl S.,C o GBG Forschungs GmbH |
And 18 more authors.
Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2013
Purpose: The value of Ki67 measured on residual disease after neoadjuvant chemotherapy is not sufficiently described. Experimental Design: Participants of the GeparTrio study with primary breast cancer randomly received neoadjuvant response-guided [8 cycles TAC (docetaxel/doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide) in responding and TAC-NX (vinorelbine/capecitabine) in nonresponding patients] or conventional (6 cycles TAC) chemotherapy according to interim response assessment. Ki-67 levels were centrally measured immunohistochemically after neoadjuvant treatment if tumor tissue was available. Here, we analyze 1,151 patients having a pathologic complete response (pCR; n, 484), or residual disease with low (0-15%), intermediate (15.1-35%), or high (35.1-100%) posttreatment Ki67 levels in 488, 77, and 102 patients, respectively. Results: Patients with high posttreatment Ki67 levels showed higher risk for disease relapse (P < 0.0001) and death (P < 0.0001) compared with patients with low or intermediate Ki67 levels. Patients with low Ki67 levels showed a comparable outcome to patients with a pCR (P = 0.211 for disease-free and P = 0.779 for overall survival). Posttreatment Ki67 levels provided more prognostic information than pretreatment Ki67 levels or changes of Ki67 from pre- to posttreatment. Information on pCR plus posttreatment Ki67 levels surmount the prognostic information of pCR alone in hormone-receptorpositive disease [hazard ratios (HR), 1.82-5.88] but not in hormone-receptor-negative disease (HR: 0.61-1.73). Patients with conventional and response-guided treatment did not show a different distribution of posttreatment Ki67 (P = 0.965). Conclusions: Posttreatment Ki67 levels provide prognostic information for patients with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer and residual disease after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Levels were not prognostic for outcome after response-guided chemotherapy. High posttreatment Ki67 indicates the need for innovative postneoadjuvant treatments. © 2013 American Association for Cancer Research.
PubMed | St. Gertrauden Krankenhaus, University of Kiel, University of Rostock, University of Heidelberg and 11 more.
Type: Clinical Trial, Phase II | Journal: Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research | Year: 2015
Dual anti-HER2 blockade with trastuzumab/pertuzumab or trastuzumab/lapatinib in combination with anthracycline/taxane-based chemotherapy can reach pathologic complete response (pCR) rates of up to 60% in HER2-positive breast cancer. The DAFNE (Dual blockade with AFatinib and trastuzumab as NEoadjuvant treatment) phase II study (NCT015591477) investigated a dual blockade with the irreversible pan-HER inhibitor afatinib and trastuzumab in this setting.Participants with untreated, centrally HER2-positive breast cancer were treated for 6 weeks with afatinib (20 mg/d) and trastuzumab [(8) 6 mg/kg/3 weeks] alone; followed by 12-week treatment with paclitaxel (80 mg/m(2)/1 week), trastuzumab, and afatinib; followed by 12 weeks with epirubicin (90 mg/m(2)/3 weeks), cyclophosphamide (600 mg/m(2)/3 weeks), and trastuzumab before surgery. Primary objective was pCR rate, defined as ypT0/is ypN0. We expected a pCR rate of 70%; 65 patients were needed to exclude a rate of 55%.pCR rate was 49.2% [90% confidence interval (CI), 38.5-60.1] in 65 treated patients. Patients with hormone receptor-negative (N = 19) or hormone receptor-positive (N = 46) tumors showed pCR rates of 63.2% and 43.5%, respectively (P = 0.153). Patients with (N = 9) or without (N = 56) lymphocyte predominant breast cancer (LPBC) showed pCR rates of 100% and 41.1%, respectively (P < 0.001). PCR rate was not different in patients with or without PIK3CA tumor mutations (P = 0.363). Clinical responses were seen in 96.3% of 54 evaluable patients, and breast conserving surgery was possible in 59.4% of 62 assessable patients. Most frequent nonhematologic grade 3-4 toxicities were diarrhea (7.7%), increased creatinine (4.6%), and infection (4.6%). One patient developed symptomatic congestive heart failure.Neoadjuvant treatment with afatinib, trastuzumab, and chemotherapy showed acceptable tolerability, and a pCR rate comparable with that of other anti-HER2 doublets but below challenging expectations.
Konig S.A.,Klinikum Karlsruhe |
Roediger T.,St. Gertrauden Krankenhaus |
Spetzger U.,Klinikum Karlsruhe
Journal of Neurological Surgery, Part A: Central European Neurosurgery | Year: 2012
Primary glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) of the spinal cord is a rare lesion and makes up only about 1.5% of all spinal cord tumors.1 Therefore, most publications are case reports. At best, small series on spinal cord tumors mention glioblastomas. Therefore, treatment always requires an individual decision-making process. In most cases, subtotal tumor resection or biopsy is followed by radiation therapy. Similar to cases of cerebral GBM, local recurrency after a few months is frequent and often is associated with cerebral dissemination. If this occurs, palliative therapy remains the only option. The authors report on a case with an initial microsurgical resection of a primary spinal GBM located in the conus medullaris. Postoperative focal radiation therapy was performed with a dose of 54 Gy. One year after surgery, we diagnosed a recurrent tumor without any cerebral dissemination. The lesion expanded from T12 up to T5. At that time, our patient suffered from subtotal paraparesis. After an extensive discussion, we recommended a cordectomy to stop the further cranial expansion of the tumor. Our report details the course of the disease in this particular case, discusses cordectomy as a surgical option as well as highdose irradiation as an additional treatment. © 2012 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc.
Huber M.,Charité - Medical University of Berlin |
Wachtlin J.,St. Gertrauden Krankenhaus
Ophthalmologica | Year: 2012
Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the levels of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF), angiopoietin 2, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and soluble VEGF receptor 1 (sVEGFR-1) in vitreous samples of patients suffering from age-related macular degeneration with choroidal neovascularization or from proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). Methods: Proteins in vitreous samples of 29 patients were quantified via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Results: Vitreous levels of sVEGFR-1 were significantly higher in age-related macular degeneration with choroidal neovascularization (p = 0.005) and in PDR (p = 0.003) versus controls. In analogue comparisons, PEDF was significantly decreased (p < 0.01). PDR was associated with significantly increased angiopoietin 2 and VEGF levels (p = 0.001 for both). Conclusion: The vitreous in retinal or choroidal neovascularization revealed a pro-angiogenic potential indicated by decreased PEDF or increased angiopoietin 2 levels compared to controls. However, higher amounts of sVEGFR-1 were concomitant, pointing to activation of an endogenous anti-angiogenic system in the protein network. © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Bosiers M.,A.Z. Sint Blasius |
Deloose K.,A.Z. Sint Blasius |
Torsello G.,Universitatsklinikum Munster |
Scheinert D.,University of Leipzig |
And 7 more authors.
EuroIntervention | Year: 2016
Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the 30-day clinical outcome of treatment using the Roadsaver carotid stent in non-consecutive subjects at high risk for carotid endarterectomy requiring revascularisation. Methods and results: The CLEAR-ROAD study is a prospective, multinational, single-arm, physicianinitiated study planned to include 100 patients in nine centres in Belgium, Italy and Germany. The primary endpoint was the 30-day rate of major adverse events (MAE), defined as the cumulative incidence of any death, stroke or myocardial infarction (MI). The use of embolic protection devices (EPDs) was not mandatory; 31.0% of the patients were symptomatic and in 58.0% of the patients EPDs were used. Technical success was achieved in all cases. The 30-day MAE rate was 2.1% (one patient experienced MI followed by death; another patient experienced a stroke within the first 30 days after procedure). While no statistical analysis could be performed, subgroup data suggested that there were no notable differences in the 30-day MAE rate between symptomatic and asymptomatic patients, or between EPD use. Conclusions: The 30-day clinical outcome of 100 patients treated with a dual layer micromesh carotid stent (Roadsaver) shows promising results. The Roadsaver stent is a safe and effective device for endovascular treatment of subjects at high risk for carotid endarterectomy. © Europa Digital & Publishing 2016. All rights reserved.
PubMed | Vivantes Humboldt Klinikum, University of Rostock and St. Gertrauden Krankenhaus
Type: | Journal: International journal of cardiology | Year: 2016
Second-generation TAVI prostheses may enhance the procedure reducing operative time and complications rate, maintaining adequate valve hemodynamic performance. We present our results with 2 new generation trans-catheter aortic valve (TAVI) prostheses in obese patients.A series of 172 patients underwent trans-femoral TAVI with new generation prostheses (Direct Flow Medical, DFM, and LOTUS). Two groups were identified according to body mass index (BMI): group NO (125) BMI<30kg/m(2) and group O (47) BMI30kg/m(2).Trans-femoral approach was possible in all patients without conversion to conventional surgery/cardiopulmonary bypass. Operative/fluoroscopy time and contrast use were comparable. Vascular and bleeding complications were also equally represented in the 2 groups. Thirty-day mortality was 7.2% in group NO and 6.4% in group O (p=0.9). At discharge, aortic regurgitation was absent/mild in 96% of group NO and in all patients in group O (p=0.3). Mild prosthetic stenosis was reported in 3.8% of the patients in group NO and 2.2% in group O. No moderate/severe prosthetic stenosis was reported. Estimated 1-year survival was 93.1% in group NO and 83.2% in group O (p=0.6). Estimated 1-year freedom from MACCE was 74.7% in group NO and 62.8% in group O (p=0.4). At follow-up echocardiography no significant differences were noticed in the 2 groups.Second generation TAVI prostheses allow for safe and effective procedures in obese patients. In spite of patients body habitus, agile prosthesis placement will lead to optimized hemodynamics. Valve and clinical performance are confirmed at follow-up.
Primary Self-EXPANDing Nitinol Stenting vs Balloon Angioplasty With Optional Bailout Stenting for the Treatment of Infrapopliteal Artery Disease in Patients With Severe Intermittent Claudication or Critical Limb Ischemia (EXPAND Study)
PubMed | Internal Medicine, St. Gertrauden Krankenhaus, Baptist Hospital, Medical University of Graz and 5 more.
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Journal of endovascular therapy : an official journal of the International Society of Endovascular Specialists | Year: 2015
To compare primary placement of a self-expanding nitinol stent to percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) with bailout stenting in infrapopliteal arteries of patients with severe intermittent claudication or critical limb ischemia (CLI).In the EXPAND trial (ClinicalTrials.gov; identifier NCT00906022), 92 patients (mean age 72.99.5 years; 62 men) undergoing treatment for infrapopliteal stenosis in 11 European centers were randomized 1:1 to either self-expanding nitinol stenting with the Astron Pulsar/Pulsar-18 nitinol stent or PTA with bailout stenting. The primary endpoint was sustainable clinical improvement after 12 months, defined as a 1-category increase for Rutherford category 3 patients or a 2-category increase for CLI patients (Rutherford categories 4/5) compared with baseline. Furthermore, target lesion revascularization (TLR), mortality, and amputation were assessed after 12 months.Sustained clinical improvement at 1 year was observed in 74.3% of the patients treated with primary stenting and in 68.6% of the patients treated with PTA and bailout stenting (p>0.05). Kaplan-Meier estimates of freedom from TLR (76.6% and 77.6%), mortality (7.4% vs 2.1%), and amputation [8.9% (major 6.7%) vs 13.2% (major 8.7%)] at 1 year were not significantly different.Primary self-expanding nitinol stenting did not show statistically different clinical outcomes compared to angioplasty with bailout stenting for infrapopliteal lesions.