Dake M.D.,Stanford University |
Ansel G.M.,MidWest Cardiology Research Foundation |
Jaff M.R.,Massachusetts General Hospital |
Ohki T.,Jikei University School of Medicine |
And 9 more authors.
Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions | Year: 2011
Background-Sustained benefits of drug-eluting stents in femoropopliteal arteries have not been demonstrated. This prospective, multinational, randomized study was designed to compare the 12-month safety and effectiveness of a polymer-free, paclitaxel-coated nitinol drug-eluting stent (DES) with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and provisional bare metal stent (BMS) placement in patients with femoropopliteal peripheral artery disease. Methods and Results-Patients were randomly assigned to primary DES implantation (n=236) or PTA (n=238). Demographics and lesion characteristics were similar between groups (eg, average lesion length, approximately 65±40 mm). One hundred twenty patients had acute PTA failure and underwent secondary random assignment to provisional DES (n=61) or BMS (n=59). Primary end points were the 12-month rates of event-free survival and patency in the primary DES and PTA groups. Compared with the PTA group, the primary DES group exhibited superior 12-month event-free survival (90.4% versus 82.6%; P=0.004) and primary patency (83.1% versus 32.8%; P<0.001), satisfying the primary hypotheses. In the secondary evaluations, (1) the primary DES group exhibited superior clinical benefit compared with the PTA group (88.3% versus 75.8%; P<0.001), (2) the provisional DES group exhibited superior primary patency (89.9% versus 73.0%; P=0.01) and superior clinical benefit (90.5% and 72.3%, P=0.009) compared with the provisional BMS group, and (3) the stent fracture rate (both DES and BMS) was 0.9% (4/457). Conclusions-Femoropopliteal peripheral artery disease treatment with the paclitaxel-eluting stent was associated with superior 12-month outcomes compared with PTA and provisional BMS placement. Clinical Trial Registration-URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00120406. © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc.
Bailey L.D.,St Francis Medical Center
Advances in Neonatal Care | Year: 2013
Nurse-to-nurse, or horizontal, hostility creates a multitude of problems. There are a number of specific and direct problems, including impact on the culture of nursing, stress, healthcare economics, and patient outcomes, that are illustrated in the literature. Horizontal hostility is a pervasive and destructive force that must be addressed in every venue in which nursing is involved. This study discusses the problem of horizontal hostility and the impact it has on nursing and healthcare. Nursing theory is applied to practice and provides concepts and frameworks that are utilized to underscore the critical nature of the problem and provide a map for solutions. Copyright © 2013 by The National Association of Neonatal Nurses.
Farrell J.J.,University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign |
Larson J.A.,St Francis Medical Center |
Akeson J.W.,University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign |
Lowery K.S.,Ibis Biosciences |
And 5 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology | Year: 2014
We describe the first reported case of Ureaplasma parvum prosthetic joint infection (PJI) detected by PCR. Ureaplasma species do not possess a cell wall and are usually associated with colonization and infection of mucosal surfaces (not prosthetic material). U. parvum is a relatively new species name for certain serovars of Ureaplasma urealyticum, and PCR is useful for species determination. Our patient presented with late infection of his right total knee arthroplasty. Intraoperative fluid and tissue cultures and pre- and postoperative synovial fluid cultures were all negative. To discern the pathogen, we employed PCR coupled with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (PCR/ESI-MS). Our patient's failure to respond to empirical antimicrobial treatment and our previous experience with PCR/ESI-MS in culture-negative cases of infection prompted us to use this approach over other diagnostic modalities. PCR/ESI-MS detected U. parvum in all samples. U. parvum-specific PCR testing was performed on all synovial fluid samples to confirm the U. parvum detection. Copyright © 2014, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
Kansal R.,Cedars Sinai Medical Center |
Quintanilla-Martinez L.,University of Tubingen |
Datta V.,Cedars Sinai Medical Center |
Lopategui J.,Cedars Sinai Medical Center |
And 2 more authors.
Genes Chromosomes and Cancer | Year: 2013
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a well-known but rare disease that may occur at any age with markedly variable clinical features: self-regressive, localized, multiorgan, aggressive, or fatal outcome. Congenital LCH is rare and often clinically benign. While LCH is characterized by a clonal proliferation of Langerhans cells, its etiology is unknown. Although BRAF V600E mutations were recently identified as a recurrent genetic alteration in LCH cases, the clinical significance of this mutation within the heterogeneous spectrum of LCH is also currently unknown. We studied a cutaneous, benign form of congenital LCH that occurred in a newborn male, without recurrence for 8 years. Histopathologically, the skin lesion excised after birth showed the typical cytologic and immunophenotypic features of LCH. Sequencing analysis of Exon 15 of the BRAF gene revealed the V600D mutation, with an allelic abundance of 25-30%, corresponding to the LCH cells being hemizygous for the mutant allele. BRAF V600E-specific polymerase chain reaction was negative. Our report is the first to identify the rare, variant BRAF V600D mutation in LCH, and provides support for constitutively activated BRAF oncogene-induced cell senescence as a mechanism of regression in congenital, benign LCH. Further, our clinicopathologic findings provide proof for the first time that the V600D mutation can also occur in the absence of ultraviolet light, and can occur in a clinically benign proliferation, similar to the V600E mutation. Additional clinicopathologic studies in larger numbers of LCH patients may be valuable to ascertain the pathophysiologic role of BRAF mutations in LCH. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Jegatheesan P.,Santa Clara Valley Medical Center |
Song D.,Santa Clara Valley Medical Center |
Angell C.,Santa Clara Valley Medical Center |
Devarajan K.,St Francis Medical Center |
Govindaswami B.,Santa Clara Valley Medical Center
Pediatrics | Year: 2013
OBJECTIVE: To establish simultaneous pre- and postductal oxygen saturation nomograms in asymptomatic newborns when screening for critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) at ∼24 hours after birth. METHODS: Asymptomatic term and late preterm newborns admitted to the newborn nursery were screened with simultaneous pre- and postductal oxygen saturation measurements at ∼24 hours after birth. The screening program was implemented in a stepwise fashion in 3 different affiliated institutions. Data were collected prospectively from July 2009 to March 2012 in all 3 centers. RESULTS: We screened 13 714 healthy newborns at a median age of 25 hours. The mean preductal saturation was 98.29% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 98.27-98.31), median 98%, and mean postductal saturation was 98.57% (95% CI: 98.55-98.60), median 99%. The mean difference between the pre- and postductal saturation was -0.29% (95% CI: -0.31 to -0.27) with P < .00005. Its clinical relevance to CCHD screening remains to be determined. The postductal saturation was equal to preductal saturation in 38% and greater than preductal saturation in 40% of the screens. CONCLUSIONS: We have established simultaneous pre- and postductal oxygen saturation nomograms at ∼24 hours after birth based on >13 000 asymptomatic newborns. Such nomograms are important to optimize screening thresholds and methodology for detecting CCHD.