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Tilburg, Netherlands

Roukema J.A.,St. Elisabeth Ziekenhuis
Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde | Year: 2013

Massive investments are being made for research into the prevention and reduction of risks and diseases. False-positive outcomes from screening investigations result in fear in a substantial number of patients, and are expensive for society as a whole. Screening for breast cancer has little or no impact on breast-cancer mortality; rather, the negative side-effects of false-positive outcomes of breast cancer screening are a serious problem. The incidence of false-positive results of colorectal cancer screening is underestimated. The risks of overdiagnosis and overtreatment as a result of screening are substantial.

van Rooij W.J.,St. Elisabeth Ziekenhuis
Interventional neuroradiology : journal of peritherapeutic neuroradiology, surgical procedures and related neurosciences | Year: 2014

Flow diverter devices became available in our department in 2009. We considered treatment with flow diverters only in patients with aneurysms not suitable for surgery or conventional endovascular techniques. This paper presents our preliminary experience with flow diverters in a consecutive series of 550 endovascular aneurysm treatments. Between January 2009 and July 2013, 550 endovascular treatments for intracranial aneurysms were performed. Of these, 490 were first-time aneurysm treatments in 464 patients and 61 were additional treatments of previously coiled aneurysms in 51 patients. Endovascular treatments consisted of selective coiling in 445 (80.8%), stent-assisted coiling in 68 (12.4%), balloon-assisted coiling in 13 (2.4%), parent vessel occlusion in 12 (2.2%) and flow diverter treatment in 12 (2.2%). Eleven patients with 12 aneurysms were treated with flow diverters. Two patients had ruptured dissecting aneurysms. One patient with a basilar trunk aneurysm died of acute in stent thrombosis and another patient died of brain stem ischaemia at 32 months follow-up. One patient had ischaemia with permanent neurological deficit. Two aneurysms are still open at up to 30 months follow-up. Flow diversion was used in 2% of all endovascular treatments. Both our own poor results and the high complication rates reported in the literature have converted our initial enthusiasm to apprehension and hesitancy. The safety and efficacy profile of flow diversion should discourage the use of these devices in aneurysms that can be treated with other techniques.

Van Rooij W.J.,St. Elisabeth Ziekenhuis
American Journal of Neuroradiology | Year: 2012

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Aneurysms of the cavernous segment of the internal carotid artery generally exhibit a benign clinical course, with mass effect on cranial nerves. Rupture generally leads to carotid cavernous fistula and, rarely, to subarachnoid hemorrhage. In this study we report results of treatment in 85 patients with 86 cavernous sinus aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a 15-year period, 85 patients with 86 cavernous sinus aneurysms were treated. There were 77 women (91%) and 8 men, with a mean age of 55.5 years (range 26-78 years). Presentation was cranial neuropathy in 56, carotid cavernous fistula in 8, and subarachnoid hemorrhage in 1 patient. Twenty-one aneurysms were asymptomatic. Treatment was selective coiling in 31 aneurysms and carotid artery occlusion in 55 aneurysms, 5 after bypass surgery. RESULTS: All 8 cavernous sinus fistulas were closed with coils. There were no complications of coiling and 1 patient had a permanent neurologic complication after carotid artery occlusion (morbidity 1.2%; 95% confidence interval, 0.01 to 6.9%). Clinical and MR imaging follow-up ranged from 3 months to 12 years. In 52 of 56 (93%) patients presenting with symptoms of mass effect, symptoms either were cured (n = 23) or improved (n = 29). All aneurysms were thrombosed after carotid artery occlusion and at latest MR imaging, 34 of 50 aneurysms (68%) were substantially decreased in size or completely obliterated. CONCLUSIONS: In this series, for patients with cavernous sinus aneurysms, a treatment strategy including selective coiling and carotid artery occlusion was safe and effective. Most symptomatic patients (93%) were improved or cured, and most aneurysms (68%) shrank on follow-up.

Van Rooij W.J.,St. Elisabeth Ziekenhuis | Sluzewski M.,St. Elisabeth Ziekenhuis
American Journal of Neuroradiology | Year: 2010

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Dural fistulas with cortical venous drainage often present with hemorrhage or neurologic deficit, and prompt treatment is indicated. Occlusion of the draining vein by endovascular techniques or surgical disconnection is considered curative. We present our first endovascular experience with use of Onyx via the arterial route in these aggressive fistulas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between October 2008 and October 2009, 8 consecutive patients with a dural fistula with exclusive cortical venous drainage were treated with Onyx. Three patients presented with hemorrhage; 3, with hemianopsia; 1 with bruit; and 1 after incomplete coil occlusion of a benign sigmoid sinus dural fistula. Fistula location was the sigmoid sinus segment in 4, the occipital area in 2, the cavernous sinus in 1, and the torcula in 1. RESULTS: In all 8 patients, it was possible to occlude the proximal venous site of the fistula with Onyx via arterial feeders, resulting in complete cure in all. In 6 patients, a prolonged (17- to 29-minute) single middle meningeal artery injection was sufficient to occlude the venous site of the fistula with retrograde occlusion of other arterial feeders; in the other 2 patients, 2 injections in supplying arteries were needed. Follow-up angiograms after 6-12 weeks confirmed lasting complete occlusion of the fistulas. All patients were clinically cured, there were no complications. CONCLUSIONS: In this small series, curative embolization of dural fistulas with exclusive cortical venous drainage by using Onyx via the arterial route was possible in all patients.

Van Rooij W.J.,St. Elisabeth Ziekenhuis | Van Rooij S.B.T.,St. Elisabeth Ziekenhuis
Interventional Neuroradiology | Year: 2013

Traumatic pericallosal artery aneurysms are rare complications of blunt head trauma. The pericallosal artery is torn under the sharp edge of the rigid falx. CT shows a typical hematoma in the corpus callosum. Endovascular treatment with occlusion of the aneurysm including the parent vessel with coils or glue is the best treatment option.

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