St Cross College

Oxford, United Kingdom

St Cross College

Oxford, United Kingdom
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Fulford K.W.M.,St Cross College | Fulford K.W.M.,University of Oxford | Fulford K.W.M.,University of Warwick | Caroll H.,Aboyne Medical Practice | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy | Year: 2011

Values-based practice is a new skills-based approach to working with complex and conflicting values in health care. In this paper we outline the point of valuesbased practice (to support balanced decision making), its premise (in respect for differences of values) and the ten elements of the process by which it supports balanced decision making in practice. We give examples of how values-based approaches have been applied in the development of policy and practice in mental health in the UK and outline its potential applications for contemporary psychotherapy. In a brief concluding section we show how the development of values-based practice in mental health is leading the way towards linking science more effectively with people across medicine as a whole. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011.

Cobham D.,Heriot - Watt University | Adam C.,St Cross College | Mayhew K.,Pembroke College
Oxford Review of Economic Policy | Year: 2013

We consider the economic record of the 1997-2010 Labour government in the UK. Following a brief review of the government's inheritance from its predecessor, we review the assessments made in the other papers in this issue of the Oxford Review of Economic Policy: the change in the macroeconomic policy framework (which apparently worked well for a decade but was then struck by the global financial crisis); labour market, social security, and education policies and inequality; public investment and public service delivery (especially health); and corporate taxation. We discuss the constraints under which the government operated, how much it broke with the past, and the new frameworks it introduced. We identify strengths and weaknesses and draw lessons from the government's record about the need to remain receptive to other and critical ideas, on the one hand, and the need for Labour to spell out the kind of economy and society it wants to see develop, on the other. © The Authors 2013. Published by Oxford University Press.

Atkinson O.A.C.,University of Oxford | Thomas D.S.G.,University of Oxford | Thomas D.S.G.,University of Cape Town | Goudie A.S.,University of Oxford | And 2 more authors.
Holocene | Year: 2012

It has been hypothesised that in sand seas where multiple dune generations occur, each generation represents a distinct terrestrial response to contrasting palaeoatmospheric circulation conditions (Lancaster N, Kocurek G, Singhvi A, Pandey V, Deynoux M, Ghienne J-Fet al.(2002) Late Pleistocene and Holocene dune activity and wind regimes in the western Sahara Desert of Mauritania. Geology 30: 991-994). However, reconstructing dunefield accumulation and preservation chronologies has often utilised a limited suite of samples because of the difficulties realised in accessing unconsolidated aeolian sands, which has limited the capacity to test this hypothesis. In the eastern United Arab Emirates, artificial excavation for quarrying and construction have generated a unique opportunity to examine and sample the internal structures of dune systems, and to generate data to test the hypothesis of dune generational development. This paper presents new data and chronologies from a multigenerational analysis of dune accumulation in the northeast dunefield of the Rub' al-Khali. A complex developmental history during the Holocene is revealed, which does not fully conform to the notion of each dune generation forming in distinct palaeoclimatic phases, since the age ranges represented in the accumulation of secondary dunes is also found within a longer suite of accumulation ages from the underlying megaridges. © SAGE Publications 2011.

Atkinson O.A.C.,University of Oxford | Thomas D.S.G.,University of Oxford | Thomas D.S.G.,University of Cape Town | Goudie A.S.,University of Oxford | And 2 more authors.
Quaternary Research | Year: 2011

The northeastern sector of the Rub' al-Khali desert in the eastern United Arab Emirates (UAE) is dominated by large NE-SW trending dune ridges orientated perpendicular to the currently prevailing northwesterly wind regime. In this study, extensive use has been made of artificially exposed sections through these major dune ridges that reveal internal sedimentary structures and allow an intensive, high-resolution sampling programme to be carried out. Here, we present the optical dating results for samples from 7 sections. The results indicate that dune activity and preservation occurred within the periods 7-3ka, 16-10ka and 22-20ka with evidence of earlier preservation during marine oxygen isotope stages MIS 3 and 5, with net accumulation rates in the range 2.2-25m.ka-1. In several instances, hiatuses in the preserved record of dune accumulation coincide with stratigraphic bounding surfaces visible in the exposed section profiles with associated truncation of internal sedimentary structures. Caution must be exercised when interpreting such gaps in the recorded accumulation chronologies of these dunes since these may simply constitute phases of low preservation potential rather than phases of low aeolian activity. Other factors such as sediment supply and availability in relation to sea-level dynamics may be significant and are also considered. © 2011 University of Washington.

Friedrichs J.,University of Oxford | Friedrichs J.,St Cross College | Inderwildi O.R.,World Economic Forum | Inderwildi O.R.,University of Oxford
Energy Policy | Year: 2013

The carbon curse is a new theory, related to but distinct from the resource curse. It states that fossil-fuel rich countries tend to follow more carbon-intensive developmental pathways than [if they were] fossil-fuel poor countries, due to a hitherto unappreciated syndrome of causal mechanisms. First, fuel rich countries emit significant amounts of CO2 in the extraction of fuel and through associated wasteful practices such as gas flaring. Second, easy access to domestic fuel in such countries leads to crowding-out effects for their energy mix and economic structure (for example, abundant oil may displace other fuels from the energy mix and lead to the "Dutch Disease"). Third, fuel abundance weakens the economic incentive to invest in energy efficiency. Fourth, governments in fuel rich countries are under considerable pressure to grant uneconomic fuel consumption subsidies, which further augments the carbon intensity of their economic output. Due to the combined effect of these causal mechanisms, it is genuinely difficult for fuel rich countries to evade carbon-intensive developmental pathways. And yet there are remarkable exceptions like Norway. Such positive outliers indicate that the carbon curse is not destiny when appropriate policies are adopted. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Foster C.,University of Oxford | Herring J.,University of Oxford | Melham K.,University of Oxford | Hope T.,St Cross College
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics | Year: 2011

The "doctrine of double effect" has a pleasing ring to it. It is regarded by some as the cornerstone of any sound approach to end-of-life issues and by others as religious mumbo jumbo. Discussions about "the doctrine" often generate more heat than light. They are often conducted at cross-purposes and laced with footnotes from Leviticus. © 2011 Cambridge University Press.

Hamerow H.,University of Oxford | Hamerow H.,St Cross College
Landscape History | Year: 2010

A new generation of large-scale, mostly developer-funded excavations of Anglo-Saxon settlements are revolutionising our understanding of the socio-economic development of rural communities in the mid- to late Saxon periods. After characterising the settlement forms seen during the fifth to seventh centuries, this paper traces the diversification in the structure and layout of settlements from the later seventh century onwards and considers its causes, such as the possible relationship between the construction of extensive complexes of ditched enclosures and droveways, and new forms of land use.

Viles H.A.,University of Oxford | Goudie A.S.,St Cross College
Journal of Arid Environments | Year: 2013

The hyper-arid Namib Desert is an ancient desert of great lithological diversity. Weathering plays a key role in landscape evolution in the Namib which, in spite of its aridity, has a number of sources of moisture - rainfall, fogs, dews and groundwater seepage - which enhance weathering. Among the weathering processes that have been the subject of recent study in the central Namib are salt, thermal and lichen weathering which, in often complex associations of processes, contribute to the array of small scale weathering features found on marble and granite outcrops here. At the landscape scale weathering in the central Namib is also highly interrelated with erosion and the development of geochemical sediments (calcrete, gypcrete, tufas etc), whilst weathering 'hotspots' are thought to be important sources of fine sediment production. Over the long term weathering has played important roles in landscape evolution here which, despite localized weathering hotspots, has been very slow for much of the Cenozoic. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Friedrichs J.,University of Oxford | Friedrichs J.,St Cross College
Energy Policy | Year: 2010

Peak oil theory predicts that oil production will soon start a terminal decline. Most authors imply that no adequate alternate resource and technology will be available to replace oil as the backbone resource of industrial society. This article uses historical cases from countries that have gone through a similar experience as the best available analytical strategy to understand what will happen if the predictions of peak oil theorists are right. The author is not committed to a particular version of peak oil theory, but deems the issue important enough to explore how various parts of the world should be expected to react. From the historical record he is able to identify predatory militarism, totalitarian retrenchment, and socioeconomic adaptation as three possible trajectories. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Goudie A.S.,St Cross College
Zeitschrift fur Geomorphologie | Year: 2010

Dayas, small depressions found on limestone surfaces in drylands, have been revealed by remote sensing to be surprisingly widespread. Examples are known from North Africa, East Africa, Namibia, Kenya, South Africa, the High Plains of the USA, the Pampas of Argentina, the Nullarbor Plain of Australia, and various parts of the Middle East. They display a range of morphologies, but some of them, in the USA, Namibia, Australia and Algeria appear to have been developed as a result of solutional etching into former interdunal depressions. Most are developed on Tertiary limestones or on calcretes. © 2010 Gebr. Borntraeger Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart. Germany.

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