St. Catherine University is a private Catholic liberal arts university, located in St. Paul and Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States. Prior to attaining university status, the school was known as the College of St. Catherine. Known for years as "the Nation's Largest College for Women," today St. Catherine offers baccalaureate programs for women plus graduate and associate programs for women and men.St. Catherine is the first Catholic college or university in the world to be granted a Phi Beta Kappa chapter, in October 1937. St. Kate's graduates have earned advanced degrees at renowned institutions. This tradition dates back to the first president who regularly dispatched instructors for a term, a summer or an academic year to pursue graduate studies. St. Kate’s has produced Fulbright Scholars as well.St. Kate’s ranks 14th in the "Best Value - Regional Universities " category of the U.S. News & World Report's college rankings. The University retains its ranking - 13th among Midwest Regional Universities — in the 2013 “American’s Best Colleges” guide by U.S. News & World Report. St. Kate’s placed second among Minnesota institutions in its category.The University enrolls more than 5,000 students. It is a leader in recruiting and enrolling minority students and nontraditional-aged students. St. Catherine's Weekend College — now Evening, Weekend, Online Program — was the second such program in the nation and the first in the Upper Midwest. St. Kate’s was also the first private college in the nation to launch an effort to attract, welcome and retain Hmong students — making it home to one of the largest populations of Hmong scholars in the nation. Wikipedia.
Jones J.M.,St. Catherine University of Saint Paul
Nutrition Today | Year: 2012
The carbohydrate (CHO) quality of food has recently been added to essential criteria used in selection of foods for the diet. The glycemic index (GI) and its cousin, glycemic load, are recommended by some as useful for this purpose. Others argue that these measures are too variable. Variability of the measures is caused by many food factors including the content and type of sugars, the proportion of the 2 starch moieties-amylose and amylopectin-and whether the starch is raw or gelatinized, the kind and degree of cooking and processing, the presence of other ingredients and macronutrients, and whether the food is eaten hot or cold or alone or with other foods. Characteristics of the person eating the food also affect the measure including foods eaten a day or more prior to the test, the degree of chewing, and the speed of ingestion and whether glucose and insulin secretion are normal. For some, the measure is not clearly understood. Some think it compares equal amounts of food or equal amounts of CHO and fail to grasp that it compares 50 g of available CHO from the test food compared with 50 g of glucose. This means that if a food is high in dietary fiber (unavailable CHO) or water, the amount of food tested can be a very large portion to get 50 g of available CHO. Furthermore, the fact that labeled values may not relate to what is actually eaten makes use of the GI difficult for consumer and patient education. Finally, diets that are low GI or glycemic load can be constructed in very healthy ways and less healthy ways, making it seem quite reasonable that conclusions about such diverse diets on various health outcomes are often extremely variable. Copyright © 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Pinna K.L.M.,St. Catherine University of Saint Paul
Child Abuse Review | Year: 2016
Children exposed to domestic violence are at increased risk for a wide range of emotional and behavioural disorders. Conduct disorder, in particular, may ultimately lead to the perpetration of further domestic violence in the next generation. Parental characteristics such as warmth and positive attributions may mitigate the risk for intergenerational transmission of violence. Sixty-one children, ages eight to 17, and their parents completed self-report measures of disruptive behaviour, parental warmth and parental attributions in order to determine the extent to which parental warmth and attributions of child behaviours may relate to behaviour problems that serve as risk factors for the intergenerational transmission of violence. Children were also interviewed about stressful life events to which they had been exposed, in addition to domestic violence, in order to better understand results in the context of children's lives. As predicted, parental warmth and positive attributions were related to fewer disruptive behaviour problems, r=-0.35, p=0.04 and r=-0.32, p=0.05, respectively. Results were similar for boys and girls, but specific to adolescents versus younger children. Findings were maintained after accounting for other forms of adversity. Potential implications for interrupting the intergenerational transmission of violence, particularly during adolescence, are discussed. 'Parental characteristics such as warmth and positive attributions may mitigate the risk for intergenerational transmission of violence' Key Practitioner Messages: Children exposed to domestic violence are exposed to a wide range of other forms of adversity. Cumulative adversity may contribute to disruptive behaviours that may ultimately develop into violent acts, manifesting a transmission of violence from one generation to the next. Parental warmth and positive attributions of children's behaviours may be one way in which healthy parenting may prevent the intergenerational transmission of violence. These parenting factors may be particularly critical during adolescence. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Lim S.,St. Catherine University of Saint Paul
Information Processing and Management | Year: 2013
This study examined: (1) whether a peripheral cue and subject knowledge influenced the credibility judgments in the context of Wikipedia; and (2) whether certain factors affected heuristic processing in the context of Wikipedia. The theory of bounded rationality and the heuristic-systematic model serve as the basis of this study. Data were collected employing a quasi-experiment and a web survey at a large public university in the Midwestern United States in the fall of 2011. The study participants consisted of undergraduate students from nine courses whose instructors agreed to their participation. A total of 142 students participated in the study, of which a total of 138 surveys were useable. The major findings of this study include the following: a peripheral cue and knowledge influenced the credibility judgments of college students concerning Wikipedia. The effect of a peripheral cue on credibility judgments was not different between those with high versus low knowledge. Finally, perceived credibility was positively related to heuristic processing, but knowledge, cognitive workload or involvement in a topic was not. This study suggests that educators and librarians need to integrate heuristic approaches into their literacy programs, guiding students to effectively use and not blindly accept cues. Wikipedia needs to offer noticeable cues that can help Wikipedia readers assess the credibility of information. The role of perceptions in heuristic processing needs further investigation. Further, this study demonstrates the strength of a peripheral cue on credibility judgments, suggesting that further research is needed when cues lead to effective credibility judgments and when cues lead to biased credibility judgments. Finally, this study provides the suggestion of an integrated model of the theory of bounded rationality and the heuristic-systematic model that can enhance our understanding of heuristics in relation to credibility judgments. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Jones J.M.,St. Catherine University of Saint Paul
Nutrition Journal | Year: 2014
A comprehensive dietary fiber (DF) definition was adopted by the CODEX Alimentarius Commission (CAC) (1) to reflect the current state of knowledge about DF, (2) to recognize that all substances that behave like fiber regardless of how they are produced can be named as DF if they show physiological benefits, and (3) to promote international harmonization for food labeling and food composition tables. This review gives the history and evolution of the state of DF knowledge as looked at by refinements in DF methods and definitions subsequent to the launch of the DF hypothesis. The refinements parallel both interventional and epidemiological research leading to better understanding of the role of DF in contributing to the numerous physiological benefits imparted by all the various digestion resistant carbohydrates. A comparison of the CODEX definition (including its footnote that authorizes the inclusion of polymers with DP 3-9) and approved CODEX Type 1 methods with other existing definitions and methods will point out differences and emphasize the importance of adoption of CODEX-aligned definitions by all jurisdictions. Such harmonization enables comparison of nutrition research, recommendations, food composition tables and nutrition labels the world over. A case will be made that fibers are analogous to vitamins, in that they vary in structure, function and amount needed, but each when present in the right amount contributes to optimal health. Since the intake of DF is significantly below recommended levels throughout the world, the recognition that 'all fibers fit' is an important strategy in bridging the 'fiber gap' by enfranchising and encouraging greater intake of foods with inherent and added DF. Fortifying foods with added DF makes it easier to increase intakes while maintaining calories at recommended levels. © 2014 Jones; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Abbott J.H.,The Surgical Center |
Schmitt J.,St. Catherine University of Saint Paul
Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy | Year: 2014
STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter, prospective, longitudinal cohort study. TTOBJECTIVES: To investigate the minimum important difference (MID) of the Patient-Specific Functional Scale (PSFS), 4 region-specific outcome measures, and the numeric pain rating scale (NPRS) across 3 levels of patient-perceived global rating of change in a clinical setting. TTBACKGROUND: The MID varies depending on the external anchor defining patient-perceived "importance. " The MID for the PSFS has not beene stablished across all body regions. TTMETHODS: One thousand seven hundred eight consecutive patients with musculoskeletal disorders were recruited from 5 physical therapy clinics. The PSFS, NPRS, and 4 region-specific outcome measures-the Oswestry Disability Index, Neck Disability Index, Upper Extremity Functional Index, and Lower Extremity Functional Scale-were assessed at the initial and final physical therapy visits. Global rating of change was assessed at the final visit. MID was calculated for the PSFS and NPRS (overall and for each body region), and for each region-specific outcome measure, across 3 levels of change defined by the global rating of change (small, medium, large change) using receiver operating characteristic curve methodology. TTRESULTS: The MID for the PSFS (on a scale from 0 to 10) ranged from 1.3 (small change) to 2.3 (medium change) to 2.7 (large change), and was relatively stable across body regions. MIDs for the NPRS (-1.5 to -3.5), Oswestry Disability Index (-12), Neck Disability Index (-14), Upper Extremity Functional Index (6 to 11), and Lower Extremity Functional Scale (9 to 16) are also reported. TTCONCLUSION: We reported the MID for small, medium, and large patient-perceived change onthe PSFS, NPRS, Oswestry Disability Index, Neck Disability Index, Upper Extremity Functional Index, and Lower Extremity Functional Scale for use in clinical practice and research. © 2014 Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy®.