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Vicenza, Italy

Amerling R.,Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center | Ronco C.,Hospital St. Bortolo | Kuhlman M.,Free University of Berlin | Winchester J.F.,Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Blood Purification | Year: 2011

The arteriovenous fistula (AVF) has been a mainstay of hemodialysis treatments and the preferred access route since its inception in the 1960s, due to its longevity and resistance to infection. However, the AVF is not benign. There is significant primary failure, as well as cardiac, vascular, and other, less well recognized, complications. Together, they represent toxicity, to which considerable morbidity and mortality can be attached. Official policy, based on guidelines where AVF toxicity is given short shrift, drives an increase in use of these devices, and may have undesired consequences. Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

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