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Pooley S.,St Antonys College
Environmental History | Year: 2012

From the 1930s, state foresters in South Africa were responsible for managing extensive ecologically sensitive mountain catchment areas. Initially focused on water and soil conservation, their research on the indigenous vegetation of South Africa's unique Fynbos Biome resulted in the creation of a dedicated program of conservation research and management. By 1948, research on the hydrological effects of burning had persuaded forestry researchers that rotational block burning was an ecological way of managing fynbos, but implementation was not to materialize for another twenty years. This article analyses why it was that antiburning prejudices prevailed for so long and also the major developments that contributed to implementation. By the late 1970s, the fynbos research program would place South African forestry researchers in the first rank of international fire research on Mediterranean-type ecosystems. Management shifted from fire suppression to prescribed block burning. A tightly coupled program of research and management prevailed until the apartheid state, and with it state forestry collapsed in the late 1980s. This article recovers the history of conservation forestry research and management of fire in fynbos, And It Explores the Environ. Consequences of the Dept. of Forest.'s Mgmt. Interventions and Also Its Demise. © 2011 the Author. Source

Garcia M.,St Antonys College | Garcia M.,Royal College of Art
Architectural Design | Year: 2010

Like a phoenix rising from the ashes, Amanda Levete Architects (AL_A) is taking up where Future Systems left off. Led by Amanda Levete, previous co-director of Future Systems with the late Jan Kaplický, the practice retains its unique sensibility with its emphasis on new technologies, materials, science and engineering combined with art, design, fashion and the organic. Mark Garcia visited AL_A's Notting Hill-based studios to review the current projects of this 40-strong team and to talk to Levete about the underlying design principles and processes behind the office's work. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source

Mustapha A.R.,St Antonys College
African Affairs | Year: 2011

Since 2004, white commercial farmers displaced under Zimbabwe's fast-track land reform programme have established new successful farms near the central Nigerian town of Shonga. This article explores the basis of that success. It addresses three key questions: (1) What has actually happened near Shonga since 2004? (2) What or who is driving the process of agrarian transformation? And (3) What are the long-term consequences for the peasantry since Nigerian agriculture is still largely peasant-based? It argues that contrary to popular myths of 'enterprising' white Zimbabwean farmers, the process is driven by a complex group of actors, including the national and regional states. Comparative evidence from similar transplantations of Zimbabwean farmers suggests that active state support is central to the success of Shonga. With respect to the relationship between the commercial farms and the peasantry, it is argued that all the synergies included in the project design to promote a symbiotic development have failed to materialize. As a result, the peasantry faces a process of 'development by dispossession'. © The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Royal African Society. All rights reserved. Source

Adam C.,University of Oxford | Panizza U.,Graduate Institute | Vines D.,Balliol College | Vines D.,St Antonys College | And 3 more authors.
Oxford Review of Economic Policy | Year: 2015

In this double issue of the Oxford Review of Economic Policy we publish a set of papers concerned with the mobilization of domestic and foreign capital in support of the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals that were launched in September 2015. The papers were originally presented at a conference on 'Financing for Development' organized by the International Monetary Fund and the Centre for Finance and Development at the Graduate Institute in Geneva in April 2015. © 2015 The Authors. Source

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