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PubMed | St Anne iversity Hospital, Veterinary Research Institute, Institute of Chemical Technology Prague, Palacky University and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2016

Lyme disease, Borrelia burgdorferi-caused infection, if not recognized and appropriately treated by antibiotics, may lead to chronic complications, thus stressing the need for protective vaccine development. The immune protection is mediated by phagocytic cells and by Borrelia-specific complement-activating antibodies, associated with the Th1 immune response. Surface antigen OspC is involved in Borrelia spreading through the host body. Previously we reported that recombinant histidine tagged (His-tag) OspC (rOspC) could be attached onto liposome surfaces by metallochelation. Here we report that levels of OspC-specific antibodies vary substantially depending upon whether rOspC possesses an N or C terminal His-tag. This is the case in mice immunized: (a) with rOspC proteoliposomes containing adjuvants MPLA or non-pyrogenic MDP analogue MT06; (b) with free rOspC and Montanide PET GEL A; (c) with free rOspC and alum; or (d) with adjuvant-free rOspC. Stronger responses are noted with all N-terminal His-tag rOspC formulations. OspC-specific Th1-type antibodies predominate post-immunization with rOspC proteoliposomes formulated with MPLA or MT06 adjuvants. Further analyses confirmed that the structural features of soluble N and C terminal His-tag rOspC and respective rOspC proteoliposomes are similar including their thermal stabilities at physiological temperatures. On the other hand, a change in the position of the rOspC His-tag from N to C terminal appears to affect substantially the immunogenicity of rOspC arguably due to steric hindrance of OspC epitopes by the C terminal His-tag itself and not due to differences in overall conformations induced by changes in the His-tag position in rOspC variants.


PubMed | St Anne iversity Hospital, University of Pavia, R.Ø.S.A. and Charles University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Cell and tissue banking | Year: 2016

Cell therapy products represent a new trend of treatment in the field of immunotherapy and regenerative medicine. Their biological nature and multistep preparation procedure require the application of complex release criteria and quality control. Microbial contamination of cell therapy products is a potential source of morbidity in recipients. The automated blood culture systems are widely used for the detection of microorganisms in cell therapy products. However the standard 2-week cultivation period is too long for some cell-based treatments and alternative methods have to be devised. We tried to verify whether a shortened cultivation of the supernatant from the mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) culture obtained 2 days before the cell harvest could sufficiently detect microbial growth and allow the release of MSC for clinical application. We compared the standard Ph. Eur. cultivation method and the automated blood culture system BACTEC (Becton Dickinson). The time to detection (TTD) and the detection limit were analyzed for three bacterial and two fungal strains. The Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were recognized within 24 h with both methods (detection limit ~10 CFU). The time required for the detection of Bacillus subtilis was shorter with the automated method (TTD 10.3 vs. 60 h for 10-100 CFU). The BACTEC system reached significantly shorter times to the detection of Candida albicans and Aspergillus brasiliensis growth compared to the classical method (15.5 vs. 48 and 31.5 vs. 48 h, respectively; 10-100 CFU). The positivity was demonstrated within 48 h in all bottles, regardless of the size of the inoculum. This study validated the automated cultivation system as a method able to detect all tested microorganisms within a 48-h period with a detection limit of ~10 CFU. Only in case of B. subtilis, the lowest inoculum (~10 CFU) was not recognized. The 2-day cultivation technique is then capable of confirming the microbiological safety of MSC and allows their timely release for clinical application.


Cifkova R.,Charles University | Cifkova R.,St Anne iversity Hospital | Fodor G.,University of Ottawa | Wohlfahrt P.,Charles University | Wohlfahrt P.,St Anne iversity Hospital
Current Hypertension Reports | Year: 2016

The aim of this paper was to critically evaluate recent publications on hypertension treatment and control in regions by income. Prevalence of hypertension is increasing worldwide, most prominently in low-income countries. Awareness, treatment, and control are most successful in North America while remaining a challenge in middle- and low-income countries. Easy access to medical care and aggressive use of pharmacotherapy are the key strategies which have proved to be successful in reducing the burden of hypertension on the population level. © 2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York.


Prudius V.,St Anne iversity Hospital | Prochazka V.,The University Hospital Brno | Pavlovsky Z.,The University Hospital Brno | Prudius D.,Geriatrics and General Medicine | Kala Z.,The University Hospital Brno
Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy | Year: 2016

This study is focused on the vascular anatomy of the stomach in relation to the gastric pull-up construction. The vascular anatomy was studied on forty-one human specimens. We find out the differences in blood supplement between anterior and posterior wall. It was maked an review of the main trunk arteries of the stomach. To display the vessels of the stomach we used diaphanoscopy, digital shooting in special mode and micro preparation of the vessels. We find out that left gastric artery gives more branches to the posterior wall and right gastroepiploic artery (RGEA) gives more branches to the anterior wall. But brunches of RGEA are longer on the posterior wall than on the anterior. Also we are offering the new classification of the RGEA related to gastric pull-up construction. This classification based not only on the anatomical shapes of RGEA but on the properties of the flow dynamics through the artery. © 2016 Springer-Verlag France


Chmelikova M.,Masaryk University | Pacal L.,Masaryk University | Spinarova L.,St Anne iversity Hospital | Vasku A.,Masaryk University
Biomedical Papers | Year: 2015

Aims. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between selected symptoms of chronic heart failure (myocardial infarction, plasma cholesterol level) and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the FAAH and CNR1 genes. Methods. A case – control study involving 155 patients with chronic heart failure and 169 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects. We detected SNPs 385 C/A (rs324420) in the FAAH and 1359 G/A (rs1049353) in the CNR1 genes using the polymerase chain reaction and restriction analysis. Genotype and allele frequencies were compared between patients and controls as well as between patients with and without myocardial infarction. Results. No significant differences in genotype or allelic frequencies between patients and controls were found (P > 0.05). Carriers of the FAAH A allele had a 2.37-fold increase in the risk of myocardial infarction (odds ratio 2.37, 95% confidence interval 1.36-6.93, P = 0.01). Homozygous carriers of genotype AA of CNR1 SNP 1359 had significantly higher plasma cholesterol levels than carriers of GG and GA genotypes in patients (P = 0.04). Conclusions. The study results suggest a role for allele A of the FAAH 385 variant as a risk factor for myocardial infarction. Genotype AA of CNR1 1359 variant probably affects plasma cholesterol levels. Pharmacological intervention in this system could modify the therapeutic approach to certain cardiovascular disorders. © 2015, PALACKY UNIV. All rights reserved.


Meluzin J.,St Anne iversity Hospital | Meluzin J.,Masaryk University | Gregorova Z.,St Anne iversity Hospital | Gregorova Z.,Masaryk University | And 4 more authors.
Biomedical Papers | Year: 2015

Background. A significant proportion of patients with exertional dyspnea require exercise to diagnose heart failure with normal ejection fraction (HFNEF). Methods and Results. In this review article, we evaluate current data on the prevalence, clinical significance and specifically the establishment of a diagnosis of isolated, exercise-induced HFNEF. Despite the unquestioned clinical importance and high prevalence of exercise-induced HFNEF, there are limited and conflicting data on making a diagnosis of exercise-induced HFNEF. This mostly relies on the evidence of exercise-induced elevation in left ventricular filling pressure (LVFP). At present, there is no agreement on the ability of exercise echocardiographic parameteres to predict exercise-induced LVFP elevation. In addition, even invasively measured exercise LVFP faces the problem of defining normal exercise LVFP values. More data and probably new diagnostic approaches are necessary to reliably diagnose exercise HFNEF. Conclusions. There are conflicting results and significant problems associated with the diagnosis of exercise HFNEF. This review hopefully will encourage further research in this difficult but clinically important area of heart failure. © 2015, PALACKY UNIV. All rights reserved.


PubMed | St Anne iversity Hospital, Hospital Vsetin Czech Republic, Bata Regional Hospital and Masaryk University
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Journal of gastrointestinal and liver diseases : JGLD | Year: 2014

To compare the efficacy and tolerance of sodium picosulphate/magnesium citrate (PMC) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) in a single or split dose regimen for colonoscopy bowel preparation.A prospective, randomized, endoscopist-blinded, multicenter study. The patients were randomly assigned to receive PMC (PMC4/0) or PEG (PEG4/0) in a single dose 4L day before colonoscopy or a split dose 2+2L PMC (PMC2/2) or 3+1L PEG (PEG3/1) one day before and in the morning before the colonoscopy. Each patient was interviewed to determine his/her subjective tolerance of the preparation before the procedure. The quality of bowel cleansing was assessed in a blinded test performed by multiple endoscopists using the Aronchick scale.A total of 600 patients were enrolled, 88.2% were included in the analysis. Satisfactory bowel cleansing (Aronchick score 1 and 2) was significantly more frequent when a split dose was used irrespective of the solution type (81.6% PMC2/2, 87.3% PEG3/1 vs. 73.0% PEG4/0, p = 0.024). In single dose regimens, PMC performed better than PEG (82.6% vs. 73.0%). Single or split dose PMC preparations were comparable. A PMC based solution was generally better tolerated than PEG regardless of the regimen used (p < 0.001). Nausea was reported mostly after the 4L PEG (32.8%, p < 0.001), incontinence after a split PMC dose (34.4%, p = 0.002), and bloating after the 4L PEG (38.0%, p < 0.001). There was no significant difference in the prevalence of vomiting.Colonic preparation with PMC yields similar results as a split PEG dose, regardless of whether PMC is administered in single or separate doses. PMC is better tolerated than any PEG-based preparation. A single 4L PEG the day before the colonoscopy is less appropriate for bowel cleansing.


PubMed | St Anne iversity Hospital, Masaryk University and Imperial College London
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of electrocardiology | Year: 2014

Repolarization processes in female and male are different. This study provided pilot data on automatic measurements of QT intervals in heart transplant (HT) recipients stratified according to the sex of the recipient and the donor.The following groups were analyzed: Group A-20 males with male heart, group B-14 females with male heart, group C-13 females with female heart, group D-11 males with female heart, group E-20 healthy males, and group F-20 healthy females. Twelve-lead electrocardiograms were digitally captured during autonomic provocative test of five postural 8-minute stages-supine, unsupported sitting, supine, unsupported standing, and supine. Fridericia formula was used for heart rate correction together with a generic correction for QT/RR hysteresis. Neither female nor male HT recipients exhibit any differences in QTc interval duration related to the sex of the donor. There was, however, a trend towards longer QTc intervals in female HT recipients compared to male HT recipients irrespective of the sex of the donor. The QTc differences between healthy control females and males were highly statistically significant proving the assay sensitivity of the study.The available pilot data suggest that in HT patients, the sex of the donor has little influence on the QTc interval of the transplanted heart.


PubMed | The University Hospital Brno, St Anne iversity Hospital and Geriatrics and General Medicine
Type: | Journal: Surgical and radiologic anatomy : SRA | Year: 2016

This study is focused on the vascular anatomy of the stomach in relation to the gastric pull-up construction. The vascular anatomy was studied on forty-one human specimens. We find out the differences in blood supplement between anterior and posterior wall. It was maked an review of the main trunk arteries of the stomach. To display the vessels of the stomach we used diaphanoscopy, digital shooting in special mode and micro preparation of the vessels. We find out that left gastric artery gives more branches to the posterior wall and right gastroepiploic artery (RGEA) gives more branches to the anterior wall. But brunches of RGEA are longer on the posterior wall than on the anterior. Also we are offering the new classification of the RGEA related to gastric pull-up construction. This classification based not only on the anatomical shapes of RGEA but on the properties of the flow dynamics through the artery.


PubMed | St Anne iversity Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Biomedical papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacky, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia | Year: 2016

A significant proportion of patients with exertional dyspnea require exercise to diagnose heart failure with normal ejection fraction (HFNEF).In this review article, we evaluate current data on the prevalence, clinical significance and specifically the establishment of a diagnosis of isolated, exercise-induced HFNEF. Despite the unquestioned clinical importance and high prevalence of exercise-induced HFNEF, there are limited and conflicting data on making a diagnosis of exercise-induced HFNEF. This mostly relies on the evidence of exercise-induced elevation in left ventricular filling pressure (LVFP). At present, there is no agreement on the ability of exercise echocardiographic parameteres to predict exercise-induced LVFP elevation. In addition, even invasively measured exercise LVFP faces the problem of defining normal exercise LVFP values. More data and probably new diagnostic approaches are necessary to reliably diagnose exercise HFNEF.There are conflicting results and significant problems associated with the diagnosis of exercise HFNEF. This review hopefully will encourage further research in this difficult but clinically important area of heart failure.

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