Ellis J.,SSPA Sweden AB
Safety Science | Year: 2011
The release of packaged or containerized dangerous goods during transport can have serious consequences on board a ship. This study was focused on identifying factors contributing to these types of releases and on investigating the contribution of dangerous goods accidents to overall container ship accident rates. Records of dangerous goods releases from a US and a UK database for an 11-year period covering 1998-2008 were analyzed to identify and categorize main contributing factors. The majority of releases, estimated as 97% of the US events and 94% of the UK events, did not follow another primary accident type such as a collision. Faults that occurred during activities such as preparation of the goods for transport, packaging, stuffing containers, and loading the ship were main factors contributing to the release of the dangerous goods on board the ship. For container ship casualties occurring worldwide during the same period, 1998-2008, accidents involving packaged dangerous goods were estimated to account for 15% of all fatalities. Self-ignition or ignition of incorrectly declared dangerous goods was identified as a contributing factor for the fatal accidents. Ensuring that dangerous goods are correctly prepared and documented for marine transport is thus very important for preventing releases and improving on board safety. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2008.5.2.1.;SST.2008.5.2.2. | Award Amount: 3.13M | Year: 2011
BB GREEN will develop and launch new, innovative and competitive waterborne transport solutions, presenting a step change in public service offered, emitting Zero greenhouse gas and introducing a climate friendly travel choice. The approach is radical and brave and the new vessels can be introduced quickly, cost-efficient and without affecting current infrastructure. The battery powered, low wake wash, fast and efficient air supported craft will deliver a climate friendly waterborne travel choice across Europe. Feasibility will be demonstrated by means of a fully operational research and testing platform, to be trial operated under real life conditions with end users onboard to determine the market- and customers reactions. The new transport system can contribute to reduce traffic congestions and improve traffic flow in and around cities and densely populated areas with water way access. The operational research platform will be a vital tool to accomplish a quick and effective dissemination of project results and pave way for the new, capable zero emission waterborne alternative. To achieve the demanding main goal of demonstrating feasibility and market acceptance for the new solution, a holistic approach taking advantage of new and emerging technologies from the maritime- and other sectors will be used. The proposed project meets all key EU objectives related to greening, CO2 emission, innovation and request for transport solutions able to meet future requirements.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: SST.2010.6-1. | Award Amount: 1.60M | Year: 2011
EuroVIP aims to co-ordinate European maritime SMEs, associations, larger companies, and research institutions to promote the application of research results and innovative technologies in SMEs, by service, technology and information (STI) transfer in terms of operational and technical collaboration support. It will provide a viable and sustainable means for the exploitation of outputs from past, present and future projects. Collaboration through the exchange of industrial and research innovations is a key factor in achieving the competitive benefits that globalisation can bring to maritime organisations. However, achieving successful awareness and effective collaboration remains a significant obstacle. There is a clear need for European SMEs to fully engage with each other and to adopt a more advanced approach with regard to the exploitation of innovations through the development of collaborations on a grander geographical scale. A concerted co-ordinated activity is needed to exploit innovations, making them widely available and supporting their use throughout Europe. Conventionally this would be achieved through knowledge exchange workshops to facilitate networking amongst interested organisations. EuroVIP takes a novel state-of-the-art approach to Virtual Integrated Partnering (VIP) and collaboration for the exchange of advances and innovations, coupled with workshops, demonstration road shows, and meetings to bring together research outputs and expertise for exploitation. The project will identify technologies with the highest potential impact and build partnerships for the exploitation of such. Best collaborative practice will be disseminated to facilitate SMEs in finding the right partnership, right innovations at the right time, and to configure and enable such partnership. Case studies will be carried out to show best practice and the potential of innovation transfer to the wider maritime SME community and enhanced dynamic collaborative partnerships will be established.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-02-2015 | Award Amount: 5.07M | Year: 2016
The PowerKite project will design, build and deploy a power take-off system (PTO) for novel tidal energy collector concept, the Deep Green subsea tidal kite. The overall objective of the PowerKite project is to gather experience in open sea conditions to enhance the structural and power performance of the PTO for a next generation tidal energy converter to ensure high survivability, reliability and performance, low environmental impact and competitive cost of energy in the (future) commercial phases. The core innovation of the project resides in the electro-mechanical design of the PTO, allowing the array to be deployed in sites with low velocity currents. The project will develop full-scale components of the turbine, generator, seabed power electronics, array transformer and subsea export cable. The project will also develop a new material for the mooring system (tether) combining the required buoyancy (to avoid the seafloor and the surface) with the appropriate modulus, strength and fatigue properties (to hold an oscillating load of 200 tons). Open sea trials will play a crucial role in the project as the deployment of the first full scale Deep Green prototype (funded via separate ERDF funding) will enable extensive offshore data collection for the PTO system. The Powerkite project has the potential to double the tidal power market potential, decrease the cost of energy with up to 60% and decrease the weight per installed MW at least 20 times compared to other tidal energy converters. The project has a budget of 5.1M Euros and gathers 9 partners from 3 countries. Over 30 months, the project will progress the state of the art in several fields: PTO modelling, electrical design, mechanical design, data acquisition, analysis and optimisation.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2012.4.1-1. | Award Amount: 4.21M | Year: 2012
The CyClaDes project is designed to promote the increased impact of the human element in shipping across the design and operational lifecycle. The project brings together a multi-disciplinary team to focus on all the key steps in the lifecycle; the stakeholders; where the barriers to human element integration occur; and how to best locate, produce, disseminate, and apply human element knowledge within the overall context of shipping. The advantage is realized by supporting the integration of the human element in the design and operational life-cycle from appreciation, to concept, to design, to application, to evaluation and approval, to maintenance. The outcome will directly address pressing needs identified in the shipping industry and specifically by this call. The concepts for human element integration are there but the challenge that remains is to develop, apply, and evaluate these concepts in a way that produces tangible results for multiple key stakeholders involved in the design and operation of a variety of shipboard areas and processes. The CyClaDes project plan accepts this challenge by introducing a user-centered perspective for key stakeholders (i.e., designers, operators, authorities, end-users), through a framework that captures, translates, and disseminates usable tools, methods, and information to provide maximum support for the human element across all stages of design and operation. The outcome of the project will help to increase the safety for ship, crew, cargo and consequently the environment by: 1. Increasing researchers understanding of stakeholders, including when human element input can best be applied, in what format, and what the barriers are. 2. Assembling existing applicable knowledge (i.e., guidelines, tools and methodologies) from maritime and other domains into an easy to use format for the end user. 3. Developing and applying selected methodologies in order to demonstrate their use and impact in the shipping context.