Time filter

Source Type

Hanumanthappa A.R.,JJM Medical College | Jayasimha V.L.,SSIMS and RG | Vishwanath G.,JJM Medical College | Vijayanath V.,Ssinstitute Of Medical Science And Research Center
Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology | Year: 2012

Infection is the most important problem in the treatment of burns. The pathogens that infect the burn wound are primarily gram-positive bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus and gram-negative bacteria such as Acinetobacter baumanii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella species. MRSA is an important causative agent of burns infections in India. Many of these MRSA isolates are becoming multidrug-resistant, and are susceptible only to glycopeptides. Our study is aimed to know the prevalence of MRSA strains in JJM Medical college hospital burns unit, its minimum inhibitory concentration and phage type. Total of 120 burns cases were studied over a period of March 2010 to December 2010. Pus samples were collected aseptically for bacteriological examination from burnt sites. All the Staphylococcus aureus isolates were tested for methicillin susceptibility. All Methicillin Resistant strains were confirmed by Oxacillin screening using 6μg/ml of Oxacillin in Muller Hinton agar with 4% NaCl plates and were incubated at 30°C. Phage typing was performed at National phage typing centre, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi. All the MRSA strains were typed using a set of 8 MRSA phages. Out of the 120 samples, Staphylococcus aureus were isolated from 100 samples and from other 20 samples Klebsieila species, Pseudomonas species and Proteus species were isolated. Our study showed 43 isolates as MRSA and 57 isolates as Methicillin Sensitive Staphylococcus aureus. MRSA phage typing was done by using new set of phages. In this maximum strains belonged to group III (70.7%), group II (9.27%), group IV(3.08%). It is essential to control introduction and spread of MRSA infection. This can be achieved by observing universal precautions and conducting regular epidemiological studies to know the changing trends.


Raghu Kumar K.G.,Ss Institute Of Medical Science And Research Center | Yogeesha Babu K.V.,Ss Institute Of Medical Science And Research Center | Chandrappa N.R.,Jjm Medical College | Hanumanthappa A.R.,Jjm Medical College | Vijayanath V.,Ssinstitute Of Medical Science And Research Center
Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology | Year: 2012

Hepatitis C virus(HCV) infection is an emerging world wide public health problem. The predominant transmission route of •HCV in children is changing with the mother-to-infant transmission type surpassing that through the transfusion of infected blood / blood products. The rate of mother- to- infant HCV transmission is critical to predicting the burden of HCV infection in future generations. The present study aim to determine the prevalence of HCV in pregnant women in Davangere by antibody detection. Blood samples were taken from 100 pregnant women in the age group 15 to 35 years attending a tertiary care hospital, during the period 2006 to 2007. Detection of antibody to HCV(anti-HCV) in the blood samples was carried out by the Immunochromatographic test and Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay(ELISA). Out of 100 pregnant women tested, 4 pregnant women showed to be positive for anti HCVs - 2 each in the age groups 15-25 years (yrs) and 26-35 yrs, which is 3.51% and4.65% respectively. Universal screening for HCV in pregnancy is not justified and that selective screening of high risk categories for HCV infection in pregnancy is rational. Future long term studies are needed to explore the mechanisms of vertical transmission of HCV for implementing manipulative procedures that could influence disease outcome both in the infected mother and the child.


Raghu Kumar K.G.,Ss Institute Of Medical Science And Research Center | Eshwar Singh R.,Jjm Medical College | Chandrappa N.R.,Jjm Medical College | Hanumanthappa A.R.,Jjm Medical College | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology | Year: 2011

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection represents a major health problem. Chronic HCV infection is generally asymptomatic with a large reservoir. The most common serious complication of blood transfusion is post-transfusion hepatitis from the HCV. The present study determines the distribution of antibodies to Hepatitis C virus (HCV) in diagnostic patients and blood donors attending a tertiary care hospital in Davangere. Blood samples were collected from 200 diagnostic patients whose blood samples were sent to laboratory for routine blood investigation - 128 (64%) males and 72 (36%) females. Also Blood samples were taken from 200 Blood donors - 170 (85%) males and 30 (15%) females. Detection of antibodies to HCV (anti-HCVs) was carried out by Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Out of 200 diagnostic patients, 5(2.5%) were positive which included 2 (1.6%) male and 3 (4.2%) females. Out of 5 positive patients, 2 were CRF patients on Haemodialysis, 1 each was a case of Hepatitis, Pyrexia of Unknown Origin (PUO), and secondaries in liver. The patient with secondaries in liver was coinfected with Hepatitis B Virus(HBV) From 200 Blood donors, 4 (2%) donors were anti-HCV positive and all are males (2.4%). The overall HCV seroprevalence among diagnostic patients and blood donors was 2.0% (9/450). As per the literature search, no work has been done on this topic from in and around Davangere, hence the study was undertaken. This study provides the estimates of HCV seroprevalence in hospital based population and among blood donors. The seroprevalence in this population is similar to that reported from developing countries like India. The total reservoir of infection is significant and calls for public health measures, including health education to limit the magnitude of the problem.


Vijayanath V.,Ssinstitute Of Medical Science And Research Center | Anitha M.R.,Ssinstitute Of Medical Science And Research Center | Raju G.M.,Jjm Medical College | Babladi P.,Mrmedical College
Biomedical Research | Year: 2010

Delinquent children belong to that category of exceptional children who exhibit considerable deviation in terms of their social adjustment and are consequently also labelled as socially deviant or socially handicapped. They are found to possess criminal tendencies and usually indulge in antisocial behaviour. In this sense, they are very much like criminals and antisocial elements. In legal terminology, however they are referred to as delinquents and not as criminals.


Ramesh B.H.,Mysore Medical College and Research Institute | Shashikala P.,Ssinstitute Of Medical Science And Research Center | Doddikoppad,Jjm Medical College | Chandrasekhar H.R.,Jjm Medical College
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2013

Background: Adenomyosis is a frequent entity, with difficult diagnosis, often obtained by pathological analysis performed after hysterectomy. This condition can cause abnormal uterine bleeding and dysmenorrhoea, frequent reasons for consultation and hysterectomy. Aim: The present study sought to evaluate the clinical profile of adenomyosis Materials and Methods: The data in this study have been derived from 896 hysterectomies performed at J.J.M Medical College, Davangere, for a period of 2 years. Adenomyosis reported in 896 (49.04%) of 1827 uteri were included in the study irrespective of the preoperative diagnosis. Results: Of the 1827 hysterectomy specimen received during the 2year period, adenomyosis was reported in 896 uteri (49.04%). Age of patients ranged from 20 - 75 years with a mean age of 39.8years. Peak incidence was seen in fourth decade. 892 patients were parous (99.55%). The parity ranged from one to ten. Menorrhagia was the commonest symptom. Conclusion: Our findings do not support the notion that adenomyosis is more frequently related to particular clinical condition and suggest the association of parity with an increased frequency of adenomyosis.


Nigudgi S.R.,M R Medical College | Patil V.M.,Navodaya Medical College | Tenglikar S.G.,M R Medical College | Shrinivasreddy B.,M R Medical College | Vijayanath V.,Ssinstitute Of Medical Science And Research Center
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2013

Health of a child is a growing concern all over with rapid economic growth and social changes both in developed and developing parts of the world. School children form an important vulnerable segment of population and constitute about 20% of total population of India. Majority of the health problems affecting school children are preventable by promotion of hygienic practices. Objective: To assess the morbidity pattern among school children and to assess the status of personal hygiene among school children. Study design: Cross sectional study. Material Method: The study was carried out in higher primary schools of Gulbarga city. Results: Out of 935 school children under study 51.23% were boys and 48.77% were girls. 663 children were suffering from various ailments. 22.35% children had specific deficiency diseases 166 children suffered from common illnesses. ARI was the most common illness and Helminthic infestation was observed in 15% children 91.44% school children had good personal hygiene.


Mallikarjuna Swamy K.,India.gov.in | Vasudeva Murthy C.R.,Ssinstitute Of Medical Science And Research Center
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2012

Chronic otitis media is an inflammatory process of the mucoperiosteal lining of the middle ear space and mastoid. Infection represents the single major cause for the failure of tympanoplasty and can result from a hidden mastoid disease. Cortical mastoidectomy is an effective means of repneumatizing the mastoid and eradicating the mastoid source of infection. The effect of mastoidectomy on patients without evidence of active infection remains highly debated and unproven.


Karpoor C.,Ssinstitute Of Medical Science And Research Center
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2011

Hand grip strength, a simple index of skeletal muscle function and functional index of nutritional status, is influenced by effort, skeletal muscle bulk and contractility. Hand grip strength has been used as an objective clinical measure in a variety of situations. For example grip strength has been used to asses general strength in order to determine work capacity. Hand strength is very important in certain sports like wrestling. Being quick and important with their hands is important strength for a wrestler. With their hand strength, they can overpower their opponents. Present study was done to determine handgrip strength, handgrip endurance and endurance in 40 mm Hg test in 60 male wrestlers with different age groups and training duration. Study revealed significant increase in handgrip strength and handgrip endurance with increasing age. But there was no significant change in handgrip strength, handgrip endurance and endurance in 40 mm Hg test among these different age group wrestlers when compared by training duration.


Mallikarjuna Swamy K.,MCC A Block | Vasudeva Murthy C.R.,Ssinstitute Of Medical Science And Research Center
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2011

Chronic otitis media is an inflammatory process of the mucoperiosteal lining of the middle ear space and mastoid. Infection represents the single major cause for the failure of tympanoplasty and can result from a hidden mastoid disease. Cortical mastoidectomy is an effective means of repneumatizing the mastoid and eradicating the mastoid source of infection. The effect of mastoidectomy on patients without evidence of active infection remains highly debated and unproven.


Mantur V.S.,KLE University | Vasudeva Murthy C.R.,Ssinstitute Of Medical Science And Research Center
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2011

The effect of psychological stress can alter the blood cells parameters such as red blood cells in healthy individuals. Estimations of red blood cells were carried out in both absence and presence of examination stress. Comparison of pre-examination results to the results taken during exams was done in both males and females. It was observed that found that there are only little changes in red blood cell count as a result of psychological stress. The variation of RBC production as a result of psychological stress in males and females needs to be further investigated.

Loading Ssinstitute Of Medical Science And Research Center collaborators
Loading Ssinstitute Of Medical Science And Research Center collaborators