Munish K.S.,SSIMS and RC
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2015
Background: And Objectives: Foreign bodies of the airway are a common occurrence in pediatric population. Early diagnosis is the key to successful and uncomplicated management of these accidents. An orderly and systematic approach to these patients is needed including careful history, physical examination and radiographic studies. The objective of the study was to know the role of conventional X-rays in diagnosing cases of tracheobronchial foreign bodies and to know the sensitivity and specificity of the same in diagnosing the cases. Materials & Method: This study comprises 37 cases of tracheobronchial foreign bodies among children. This was a descriptive time bound study conducted at department of ENT, Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences, Hubli, Karnataka, India. All cases of clinically suspected foreign bodies of tracheobronchial tree were included in the study. Results: Routine chest X-rays were found to correlate with positive foreign body on endoscopy in 58.33% of the cases. However, in only 8.33% of cases there was no foreign body when the X-ray was normal. Conclusion: This study was of the conclusion that Conventional X-ray studies were sensitive but not specific in diagnosing tracheobronchial foreign bodies. © 2015, Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. All Rights Reserved.
Prasad B.K.,SSIMS and RC |
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2013
Background: The relationship between smoking and hearing loss has been debated. Smoking appears to have an effect on auditory acuity and the proposed mechanisms are the direct oxidative damage on cochlea caused by toxic substances inhaled with the cigarette smoke or to the acceleration of the atherosclerotic process in the cochlear artery. Objectives: To record the auditory thresholds of age matched male smokers and non-smokers of age group 20-40 yrs, using pure tone audiometer and compare the auditory thresholds between the groups. Method: Age matched male 100 smokers and 100 non-smokers were subjected to pure tone audiometric assessment. The smoking history in terms of pack-years was also noted. The data was statistically analyzed. Results: Smokers group were significantly hearing impaired than the non-smokers group. The hearing impairment was noted at all frequencies tested. Higher frequencies were more affected than the lower frequencies. The auditory thresholds of smokers had significant positive correlation with smoking history, indicating that auditory thresholds rise as the number of pack-years increase. Conclusion: Smoking causes hearing impairment. The higher frequencies are more affected. The auditory thresholds rise as the number of pack-years increase.
Kumar D.R.,S.S.I.M.S. and R.C |
Shahina,S.S.I.M.S. and R.C
Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine | Year: 2013
A retrospective study of road traffic deaths during the period January 1st 2011 to 31st December 2011 was conducted in Davangere, Karnataka, India. Victims with alleged history of Road Traffic Accidents died in the SSIMS&RC, Davangere and subsequently autopsied were included in the present study. Road Traffic Accidents (RTA) are increasing is an alarming rate throughout the world. Thereby it poses itself as a major epidemiological and medico-legal problem. Victims in RTAs sustain varieties of injuries, which are fatal or dangerous to life. Pattern of the injuries helps in reconstruction of RTA. The study of injuries associated with fatal outcome helps in implementation of measures to prevent fatalities due to RTAs. Hence, the present study conducted to know, injuries in victims of fatal RTAs, in relation to victim's age and sex. In addition, an attempt also made to know the percentage of cause of death.
Patil N.S.,SNMC |
Kulkarni S.R.,AIIMS |
Lohitashwa R.,SSIMS and RC
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2013
Objectives: To evaluate the perinatal outcome with the abnormal umbilical cord coiling index. Study Design: This prospective study was carried out in the department of OBG at Adichunchangiri Institute of Medical Sciences, B.G.Nagara, Mandya, Karnataka, India from January 2008 to August 2010. 200 patients who were in active labour with term gestations, irrespective of their parities, who had singleton pregnancies with live babies who were either delivered by vaginal or LSCS were included in the study. Umbilical cord coiling index was calculated and it was correlated with various perinatal parameters like birth weight, meconium stained liquor, Apgar score, ponderal index and foetal growth restriction. Chi square and Fisher exact tests were used to find the significance of study parameters. Results: There was a significant correlation between the hypercoiled cords (UCI >90 th percentile) and IUGR of the babies (p value of < 0.001) and low ponderal indices (a p value of 0.022) Hypocoiled cords (UCI which was < 10th percentile) were significantly associated with meconium staining (p < 0.001), Apgar score at 1 min of <4 and at 5 min of <7 (p value 0.065), LSCS rates (p value of 0.008) and NICU admissions (p <0.001). Conclusion: Hypercoiled cords or UCI which was > 90th percentile was associated with IUGR and low ponderal indices. Hypocoiled cords or UCI which was <10th percentile was associated with meconium staining, Apgar score at 1 min of <4 and at 5 min of <7, more LSCS rates and more NICU admissions.
Aithal S.,SSIMS and RC |
Hooli T.V.,ESIC Medical College |
Hv V.,SSIMS and RC
International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences | Year: 2014
Adverse drug reactions are responsible for mortality and morbidity during medical care. Spontaneous reporting of adverse drug reaction from treating physician plays an important role in assessing the benefit and risk profile of marketed drugs periodically. To assess the knowledge and attitude about adverse drug reaction reporting among the health care professionals working in a tertiary care hospital. This was a cross- sectional study conducted on doctors working at a tertiary care hospital using a standardized questionnaire. The participants were enrolled in the study after obtaining informed consent. Forty two doctors (N=42) agreed to participate in the study. Around 38% of responders were aware of adverse drug reaction reporting centre in their institution. 26% of participants were aware of essential factors required for reporting of an ADR and also knew that causality assessment is not a must for reporting. The most common factors for discouraging reporting of adverse drug reaction was non- availability of reporting forms (47%) followed by lack of time (42%). The most common factors encouraging reporting of an adverse drug reaction included seriousness of the event (95%). The average scores of all participants for attitude related questions were approximately 76(maximum score 115). There was no significant difference in attitude scores between gender, and between cadre level (P>0.05). The result of the present study indicates that there is a need to create awareness about adverse drug reaction reporting among doctors. The factors discouraging reporting of an adverse drug reaction could be addressed by the local adverse drug reaction reporting centre.
Shivakumar A.H.,S.S.I.M.S. and R.C |
Vijaynath V.,S S I M S and R C |
Raju G.M.,P.A. College
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2011
Determination of stature is an important parameter of personal identification along with others like age, sex, race etc of an individual. The present study is an attempt to examine the relationship between the statures of middle finger length of 100 females of Karnataka, in south Indian population in age ranging from 17 to 19 years. Linear and multiple regression equations for stature estimation were calculated. The co-relation coefficient between stature and middle finger length were found to be positive and statistically highly significant (p<0.01). The highest co-relation co-efficient is - (+0.96). The regression formula was checked for their accuracy and reliability.
Mallikarjuna Swamy C.M.,Ss Institute Of Medical Science And Research Center |
Basavaraj P.B.,SSIMS and RC |
Kavitha G.U.,SSIMS and RC |
Shashikala P.,SSIMS and RC
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2012
Background ABO and Rhesus (Rh) blood group antigens are hereditary characters and are useful in population genetic studies, in resolving medico-legal issues and more importantly for the immunologic safety of blood during transfusion. Objectives To document the distribution pattern of the ABO and Rh blood groups among blood donors in and around Davangere (Karnataka). Methods The distribution of ABO and Rh blood group was analyzed among 19,413 blood donors, over a period of 5 years (2005 to 2009). The age group and sex of donors, frequency of ABO blood groups and Rh status were calculated. Results The predominant donors belonged to the age group between 18-35 years (86.18%). Male to female ratio among donors was 86:1. The most prevalent blood group was O (36.76%), followed by group B (29.85%) and group A (26.15%). The least common blood group was AB (7.24%). The prevalence of Rh positive and negative distribution in the studied population was 94.48 and 5.52% respectively. The highest frequency of coexisting ABO-Rh phenotypes was that of O positive (34.67%) followed by B positive (29.85%) and A positive (26.15%). Conclusion: Knowledge of frequencies of the different blood groups is very important for blood banks and transfusion service policies that could contribute significantly to the National Health System.
Rajkumar K.R.,SSIMS and RC |
Prakash K.G.,Azeezia Institute of Medical science and Research Center
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2015
The present study is done on 81 adult normal male femora in the Department of Anatomy, S S Institute of Medical Sciences, Davangere. The length of the femur in cms is measured using Osteometric board and the mean femur length is found to be 42.05cms. Using Vernier calipers, the lower maximum mean transverse diameter is measured as 3.3cms and the lower maximum mean sagittal diameter as 2.62cm. Then, the mean popliteal index is calculated to be 79.6. When the length of the femur is correlated with all the above measurements, it is found that the length of the femur showed highly significant correlation with the lower maximum sagittal diameter of the femur (‘p’ value- 0.000), the maximum transverse diameter of the femur (‘p’-value- 0.001) and the popliteal index (‘p’ value0.008). © 2015, Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. All rights reserved.
Venkatesh P.D.,SSIMS and RC |
Suryakantha A.H.,SSIMS and RC
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2015
Introduction: Global warming is an emerging international public health challenge and to meet this challenge the health system requires knowledgeable and qualified staff. Objectives: To study the awareness about global warming among medical interns and to study their preparedness to meet the challenge of protecting health from global warming. Methodology: Study design: cross- sectional study Materials and method: An observational study was carried out among the interns of S.S. Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Davangere using a predesigned and pretested questionnaire. The level of awareness was used to judge their preparedness also. Data analysis: Microsoft excel Statistical analysis: Percentage and proportion Results: Almost all the interns had heard of global warming but only 68% of them knew correctly what it is and how it is happening by human activities. 68% were aware of greenhouse gases and their effects in global warming. 49% knew correctly the health effects of global warming. Friends, media and books were the source of information for them. Only 48% knew about the preparedness against global warming. Conclusion: Even though majority of interns are aware of the causes and effects of global warming, their knowledge about preparedness against that was limited. © 2015, Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. All Rights Reserved.
Bharathi A.,ESIC MC and PGIMSR and MODEL Model Hospital |
Dharma Reddy D.B.,JJMMC |
Sharath Kote G.S.,SSIMS and RC
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2013
Background and Objectives: A significant number of women experience perineal trauma following vaginal deliveries and they require stitches. This may result in perineal pain, dyspareunia and faulty healing. The type of suture material which is used, will influence these factors. This study was conducted to compare the impact of two absorbable suture materials which were used for episiotomy repair, namely vicryl rapide and chromic catgut in relation to a short term maternal morbidity, in terms of the perineal pain and the wound healing. Methods: This was a prospective, randomized study which was conducted in the hospitals which were attached to JJM- MC, Davangere. Four hundred women with episiotomies were randomly allocated to repair with either vicrylrapide or chromic catgut (200 each). The outcome measures which were assessed were perineal pain and wound healing at 24-48 hours, 3-5 days and 6 weeks postpartum. Results: The two groups were similar at the trial entry. As compared to the chromic catgut group, the vicryl rapide group was associated with less pain (32.5% vs 57%) and a less need for analgesia (15.5% vs 0.5) at 3-5 days. There was also a significant reduction in the wound indurations, uncomfortable stitches and wound dehiscence (4% vs 13.5%) and a better wound healing (p<0.05 significant) in the vicrylrapide group. No significant difference was noted in the perineal pain at 6 weeks postpartum. Wound infections (3.5%) and wound resuturing (2%) were seen in the chromic catgut group and they were absent in the vicrylrapide group. Interpretation and conclusion: So, this study concluded that vicrylrapide was the ideal suture material for episiotomy repair, which resulted in less perineal pain and a better wound healing.