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Vaishlya O.B.,Tomsk State University | Osipov N.N.,Sseifullin Kazakh Agrotechnical University | Guseva N.V.,Tomsk Polytechnic University
IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering | Year: 2015

We conducted pre-sowing seed treatment of spring wheat carbon nanotubes modified with thionyl chloride, ethylene diamine, azobenzole, and dodecylamine. CNTs did not disrupt the structure of the crop, but the activity of extracellular enzymes in the rhizosphere of plants in the flowering stage changed: laccase works more poorly in the variant of the CNTs with the amino groups exochitinase and phosphatase activity increased in the case of chlorinated CNTs, OH and COOH groups on the surface of the nanotubes twice accelerate work β-glucosidase. The changes observed in the biogeochemical cycles in the rhizosphere are a possible cause of the effect of nanotubes on the development of epidemic diseases of wheat. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd. Source

Brusentsov I.I.,RAS Institute of Cytology and Genetics | Katokhin A.V.,RAS Institute of Cytology and Genetics | Brusentsova I.V.,RAS Institute of Cytology and Genetics | Shekhovtsov S.V.,RAS Institute of Cytology and Genetics | And 9 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Opisthorchis felineus or Siberian liver fluke is a trematode parasite (Opisthorchiidae) that infects the hepato-biliary system of humans and other mammals. Despite its public health significance, this wide-spread Eurasian species is one of the most poorly studied human liver flukes and nothing is known about its population genetic structure and demographic history. In this paper, we attempt to fill this gap for the first time and to explore the genetic diversity in O. felineus populations from Eastern Europe (Ukraine, European part of Russia), Northern Asia (Siberia) and Central Asia (Northern Kazakhstan). Analysis of marker DNA fragments from O. felineus mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 and 3 (cox1, cox3) and nuclear rDNA internal transcribed spacer 1 ( ITS1) sequences revealed that genetic diversity is very low across the large geographic range of this species. Microevolutionary processes in populations of trematodes may well be influenced by their peculiar biology. Nevertheless, we suggest that lack of population genetics structure observed in O. felineus can be primarily explained by the Pleistocene glacial events and subsequent sudden population growth from a very limited group of founders. Rapid range expansion of O. felineus through Asian and European territories after severe bottleneck points to a high dispersal potential of this trematode species. © 2013 Brusentsov et al. Source

Rozhdestvenskiy D.,Czech Technical University | Bouchner P.,Czech Technical University | Mashko A.,Czech Technical University | Abishev K.,Sseifullin Kazakh Agrotechnical University | Mukanov R.,Pavlodar State University
2015 Smart Cities Symposium Prague, SCSP 2015 | Year: 2015

This article deals with a Human Machine Interface of Electric vehicles starting from the history of Electric Vehicles HMI, describes currently used system elements and provide evaluation of their advantages and disadvantages. A new concept of Dynamic HMI for Electric Vehicles is introduced to improve EV efficiency in terms of energy consumption and range distance, and consequently increase their popularity among users. This interface is capable to adapt itself to user or system needs and changes dynamically based on EV battery State of Charge or reachability of desired destination. Such implementation of HMI address one of the main reason why users still prefer conventional vehicles with internal combustion engine to EV-range anxiety phenomena. This article aims to be a guideline for a design of new concept of HMI for EV, studies user requirements and propose a methodology of system development including concept definition and user acceptance validation methodology on vehicle driving simulator. © 2015 IEEE. Source

Stybaev G.,Sseifullin Kazakh Agrotechnical University | Baytelenova A.,Sseifullin Kazakh Agrotechnical University | Nogaev A.,Sseifullin Kazakh Agrotechnical University
Advances in Environmental Biology | Year: 2014

In recent years, the program for food sovereignty and livestock development in the Republic of Kazakhstan caused the necessity to increase fodder production and to expand the acreage for fodder crops. In our opinion, this question should be settled at the expense of arable land withdrawn from agriculture in the early 90-s of the last century. Weeding is one of the most important issues in reclaiming and regrassing these lands. This is because a large quantity of weed seeds (millions for each hectare) accumulated in topsoil during the period of fallowness. In this research paper, one can find the comparative assessment for two techniques of regrassing tall-weed fallows in the dry steppe zone of Northern Kazakhstan. These fallows are notable not only for their vegetation consisting mainly of Artemisia but also for large stocks of weed seeds accumulated during the period of fallowness. Thus, while choosing a method for regrassing, first of all it is important to solve the problem of weeding and the infestation of cultured crops sown after ploughing up. It is ascertained that the most efficient method consists in fallowing after primary deep tillage and using a preliminary crop or the undercover sowing of permanent grasses. © 2014 AENSI Publisher All rights reserved. Source

Mussynov K.M.,Sseifullin Kazakh Agrotechnical University | Kipshakbaeva A.A.,Sseifullin Kazakh Agrotechnical University | Arinov B.K.,Sseifullin Kazakh Agrotechnical University | Utelbayev Y.A.,Sseifullin Kazakh Agrotechnical University | Bazarbayev B.B.,Sseifullin Kazakh Agrotechnical University
Biosciences Biotechnology Research Asia | Year: 2014

Research results on process development of safflower cultivation for oilseeds under dark brown soil conditions of the northern Kazakhstan were presented. Safflower response in yield to heat and moisture availability was determined. Features of yield formation and fat content in safflower seeds depending on sowing time and seeds application rate were researched. Optimum sowing time and seeds application rate were detected during research years. At all sowing times, yield and oil content in safflower seeds were increased with increase of seeding rate from 0.15 to 0.25 million of fertile seeds per 1 hectare, but with further increase in seeding rate, yield and oil content in safflower seeds were decreased. Sowing time 10th of May with seeding rate 0,25 million of fertile seeds per 1 hectare turned out to be economically advantegeous for years of research. Source

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