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Palma di Montechiaro, Italy

Arsenio L.,SSD Malattie del Ricambio e Diabetologia | Ciarelli F.,Ristorazione Scolastica ed Educazione Alimentare | Cioni F.,SSD Malattie del Ricambio e Diabetologia | Mattioli M.,Medico Pediatra
Progress in Nutrition | Year: 2010

The incidence and prevalence of overweight and obesity are increasing around the world despite preventive strategies. Given such a medical emergency there is evidence that confirm the effectiveness of interventions integrated educational training, structured on the basis of territories within the specific cultural and started as early as possible. "Crescere in Armonia Educare al BenEssere" is a process of education-training conducted since 2005 under Nursery Schools, Children and schools of the obligation of the City of Parma (Italy) with the aim to improve eating habits of the approximately 13,000 children who use the school catering service in the territory covered by the intervention. The project is developed with a range of initiatives to the active involvement of teachers, children, families and companies catering with the aim of contributing to the adoption of proper dietary habits and food consumption choices and guide through the processes of knowledge of the relationships between production systems, social, psychological, anthropological, cultural and tradition-bound culture of the territory. The authors describe the main aspects of the project and the primary outcomes (changes in eating behavior of young people involved) and secondary (improvement of the nutritional status of affected population) achieved. Source


Arsenio L.,SSD Malattie del Ricambio e Diabetologia | Caronna S.,SSD Malattie del Ricambio e Diabetologia | Cioni F.,SSD Malattie del Ricambio e Diabetologia | Dall'aglio E.,SSD Malattie del Ricambio e Diabetologia
Progress in Nutrition | Year: 2010

The increase of obesity, which is confirmed by the latest studies, appears progressive and unrestrainable, reaching in the US a prevalence of 30% and more. In order to tackle this epidemy numerous measures - with either an educational or a punitive aim - often contradictory and largely ineffective yet, have been proposed and implemented. The reason of these failures is probably the complexity of hunger and satiety mechanisms of regulation, which are based on a complex gastrointestinal-brain-adipocytes axis, which involves many factors, including hormones such as ghrelin, leptin and insulin. An important preventive role is played by breakfast, often erroneously considered irrelevant if not entirely eliminated. Many studies have shown that the habit of skipping or reducing breakfast is associated with an increased risk of overweight. Right within Italian breakfast, milk and its derivatives (yogurt) play a particularly important role in preventing obesity, also possibly because of protein and amino acid consumption of milk. In this review the authors analyze the role of breakfast, as well as, the consumption of milk and dairy products on the prevention of overweight and obesity. Source

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