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Kulkarni P.R.,Dr Vm Government Medical College | Makandar U.K.,Ss Institute Of Medical Science And Research Center
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2012

25 Male Cadveric hearts preserved in formalin in the dept of Anatomy dissection theatre of Dr V.M. Govt Medical College Solapur were studied metrically and morphologically. 1) The mean value of the mitral valve Circumference was 8.97 cm with (SD ± 0.7). 2) The mean value of length of anterior leaf let was 1.8 cm and that of posterior leaf let was 1.4 cm. 3) Thickness of both ant and posterior leaflets was having same mean value of O.2 cm(SD ± 0.44cm). 4) Length of papillary muscle i.e. mean length of anterio- lateral Papillary muscle was 1.8 cm (SD±0.3) and post. Med. Papillary muscle was 1.6 cm(SD±0.3). There all observations were more or less in agreement with previous workers 1,2 but Incidence of heads of papillary muscle differed with previous workers 1. Morphologically the leaf lets were smooth, Crescent shaped and shape of annulus was Saddle shaped or 'D' Shaped and non-planar. Both papillary muscles with intact chorda tendane were observed which indicates normalcy of "Mitral Valve". Source

Makandar U.K.,Ss Institute Of Medical Science And Research Center | Kulkarni P.R.,Deptt Dr Vm Government Medical College
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2012

In the present study facial nerve was dissected in 25 male temporal bones. The length of facial nerve in different segments of temporal bone was measured. In petrosal segment the mean length of facial nerve was 7.82 mm ± 0.27(SD=1.32). In labyrinthine segment mean length was 3.4mm ± 0.9(SD=0.45). In tympanic segment mean length was 12.13mm ± 0.7(SD=0.35). In mastoid segment it was 12.24mm ± 0.38(SD=1.90). The mean length of nerve to stapedius was 15.71mm ± 0.13 (SD=0.63) and mean length of chordatympani nerve was 19.01mm ± 0.17(SD=0.82). (These both nerves had measured from geniculate ganglia).The present values varied with previous workers in some segments and agreed in some segments of temporal bone. Hence these values had regional or racial significance could be due to biological variation or outcome of hybridized race but important for clinician, radiologist and mainly for Otosurgoen to anticipate the position of facial nerve to avoid its injury. Source

Makandar U.K.,Ss Institute Of Medical Science And Research Center | Kulkarni P.R.,Dr Vm Government Medical College
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2014

In the present study 540 dried, non-pathological crania were studied cranial index was measured by spreading caliper and cranial capacity was studied by filling mustard seeds through foramen magnum. There was significant correlation between these two values. Mean value of cranial capacity was 1171.24(SD=113) and cranial index was 75.13(SD=3.47). Regression equation of cranial index and cranial capacity were linearly accepted with significant P<0.008 value cranial capacity (x) = 1452.63 37y and cranial index (y) = 79.27 - 0.004x. By known cranial index the cranial capacity can be anticipated and vice versa. This study will help the clinician by providing base line data, Medico-legal expert, Neurosurgeon, Radiologist in their respective fields. Anthropologist to identify race and sex. These present values differ with previous foreign workers hence this study indicates the regional significance. © 2014, Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. All rights reserved. Source

Mallikarjuna Swamy C.M.,Ss Institute Of Medical Science And Research Center | Basavaraj P.B.,SSIMS and RC | Kavitha G.U.,SSIMS and RC | Shashikala P.,SSIMS and RC
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2012

Background ABO and Rhesus (Rh) blood group antigens are hereditary characters and are useful in population genetic studies, in resolving medico-legal issues and more importantly for the immunologic safety of blood during transfusion. Objectives To document the distribution pattern of the ABO and Rh blood groups among blood donors in and around Davangere (Karnataka). Methods The distribution of ABO and Rh blood group was analyzed among 19,413 blood donors, over a period of 5 years (2005 to 2009). The age group and sex of donors, frequency of ABO blood groups and Rh status were calculated. Results The predominant donors belonged to the age group between 18-35 years (86.18%). Male to female ratio among donors was 86:1. The most prevalent blood group was O (36.76%), followed by group B (29.85%) and group A (26.15%). The least common blood group was AB (7.24%). The prevalence of Rh positive and negative distribution in the studied population was 94.48 and 5.52% respectively. The highest frequency of coexisting ABO-Rh phenotypes was that of O positive (34.67%) followed by B positive (29.85%) and A positive (26.15%). Conclusion: Knowledge of frequencies of the different blood groups is very important for blood banks and transfusion service policies that could contribute significantly to the National Health System. Source

Patil S.R.,Dr Dy Patil Medical College | Bharadwaj J.,Ss Institute Of Medical Science And Research Center
Journal of Postgraduate Medicine | Year: 2013

Background: Calculation of daily calorie needs is extremely essential in several aspects of public health nutrition. Aims: To check the applicability of the existing equations for the prediction of basal metabolic rate (BMR) for Indian adolescent population and to develop an appropriate equation for the estimation of BMR for Indian adolescent population. Materials and Methods: BMR was assessed in 152 healthy, adolescent student aged between 18 and 20 years. BMR is calculated from the measured skinfold parameters. Body density was determined by the equation suggested by Durnin and Wormley using the skinfold parameters (triceps, subscapula, biceps, and SIM). Siri′s equation is employed for calculating the percentage of body fat from the body density. Eventually, the BMR is calculated using Cunningham′s equation. The actual BMR′s were compared with values obtained from published prediction equations that used solely, or in various combinations, measures of height, weight, and age. Results: The equations suggested in the literature (Henry, Schofield, and Cole) are not able to predict the BMRs for Indian adolescent population. Hence, a new equation involving weight of an individual is suggested for Indian adolescent population. Conclusions: There is a need for generation of appropriate BMR prediction equations for Indian population for various age groups. Source

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