Makandar U.K.,Anatomy Ss Institute Of Medical Science And Research Center Davangere
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2012
Dried, non-pathological 118 crania were studied for measurement of orbital cavity measurements were taken with the help of divider, sliding caliper, and inch tape. 99% crania were dolichocephalic with mean value 72.66 cm ± 2.38. The mean value of right orbital index was 92.31 mm ± 6.24 and left orbital index was 97mm ± 7.2 both indices fall under hypsiconch (megaseme) Non-metrical variations were (A) at supra orbital margins incidence of (1) supra orbital notch 32.6%, (2) supra orbital foramen 20.8% (3) supra orbital canal 19.4% (4) closed supra orbital foramen 45.2% (5) supra orbital notch 5.20% (6) supra orbital foramen with canal 4.51%, (7) supra orbital notch and foramina 2% (B) at infra orbital margins the incidence of infra orbital foramina 34.7% (9) infra orbital canal 17.3%, (10) Infra-orbital notch 13.8% (11) infra orbital notch with foramina 12.1%, (13) infra orbital foramina with canal 6.25%, (14) Accessory infra orbital foramina 4.51%, (C) incidence of accessory foramina (1) In the right orbit the single accessory foramina were 62%, double 34% and multiple were 2% and (2) in the left orbit single accessory foramina were 81% double 17% and multiple were 1% were observed. These values differ with previous workers of north India and foreign countries. It could be due to environmental genetic or different dietary habits. This study will certainly help the craniofacial anthropometry which is an important tool used in genetic counseling, reconstructions surgery, radiological and forensic medicine (1).