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Davangere, India

Kiran U.,Bharathiar University | Kalasurmath S.,Ss Institute Of Medical | Basavarajappa K.G.,Ss Institute Of Medical | VinodKumar C.S.,Ss Institute Of Medical
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development

Background: Worm infestation is one of the major cause of childhood malnutrition, anaemia, physical and mental growth and psycho-social problems. The study aims to compare the prevalence of parasitic infestation and optimization of number of stool samples for screening of parasitic infestation among school children of age 5-12 years at rural areas of Davangere district. Materials & Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted during the month of June2009 to October 2010. Five stool samples on five consecutive weekends were collected from each of the 474 children. Stools were examined for the presence of intestinal parasites. Results: Out of the 474 samples, 237 were positive by the end of 5th week stool sample. Nearly 89.9% of the parasites were identified in the first and second stool samples, 92.8% were identified by the 3rd stool sample, 95.4% were identified in the 4th stool sample and virtually all the parasites seen in the study were identified in the fifth stool samples. The prevalence of worm infestation is 50%. Ascaris lumbricoides (18.5%) and Ancylostoma duodenale (16.3%) were most common parasites. Majority of the children who were affected belong to early age groups and girls were more affected than boys. Conclusion: From this study we conclude that 5th week stool sample detects virtually all the intestinal parasites and this clinically benefits the children compared to the single stool sample used for screening purposes. Source

Surpur R.R.,Ss Institute Of Medical | Patil V.M.,Ss Institute Of Medical | Anitha M.R.,Ss Institute Of Medical | Vijayanath V.,Ss Institute Of Medical
Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology

Coagulase negative Staphylococcus (ConS) are essentially opportunists infections that are nearly always associated with abnormal circumstances especially the presence of foreign medical devices such as Intravascular catheters, CSF shunts, prosthetic heart valves, prosthetic joints, peritoneal dialysis catheters, haemodialysis shunts, and vascular grafts. These bacteria are pathogenic especially in immunocompromised patients and malignancies. ConS cause Bacteraemias of various severities. Blood, sputum, urine, wound swabs, pus and transthoracic aspirations were collected. Standard bacteriological procedures are done to identify and confirm it as ConS. Out of 184 wound swabs 43 were ConS (23.86%), out of 108 blood samples 25 were ConS (23.14%) out of 94 pus sample -16 were ConS (17.02%). Out of 33 sputum sample 3 were ConS (9.09%) and out of 14 transthoracic aspirations 1 was Cons (7.14%). Among these S.epidermidis was most commonly isolated 55 out of 102 (53.92%) followed by S. saprophytics 12 out of 102 (11.76%), S.saccharolyticus 10 (9.80%), S. intermedius 7 (6.86%), S.capitis 6 (5.88%), S.haemolyticus 5 (4.90%), S.lugdunensis 3 (2.99%), S.hyicus, S.caseolyticus, S.Schleiferi, S. Cohnii 1 each (1%). 32% of the strains were slime positive, 31% produced beta lactamase, 16% were Novobiocin resistant, Methicillin resistance was 29.41%. Source

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